Fragility, conflict, and violence (FCV) present critical development challenges that threaten efforts to end extreme poverty. The World Bank Group has launched its first-ever Strategy for Fragility, Conflict and Violence (2020-2025) and is significantly scaling up its FCV support in both low and middle-income countries.

The Independent Evaluation Group is building evidence and promoting learning about effective approaches in fragile contexts through a series of evaluations and reviews. IEG seeks to cover critical aspects of the World Bank Group’s FCV Strategy, to inform its implementation.

Existing IEG resources related to fragility can be viewed below.

Featured Resources:

  • Evaluation, 2023: The World Bank Group in Mozambique, Fiscal Years 2008–21
  • Evaluation, 2022: The World Bank Group in Madagascar, Fiscal Years 2007–21
  • Evaluation, 2022: World Bank Engagement in Situations of Conflict 
  • Evaluation, 2021: The World Bank Group’s Experience with the IDA Private Sector Window: An Early-Stage Assessment 
  • Podcast, March 2022: Learning the Lessons of Fragility, Conflict and Violence;
  • Blog, March, 2022: A closer look at World Bank Development Policy Financing in fragile states
  • Blog, March, 2022: Country platforms in fragile states: A new path for development cooperation
  • Blog, February, 2022: Adapting development in fragile settings: What are we learning?
  • Blog, February, 2022: Defueling conflict: building peace through natural resource governance
  • Blog, February, 2022: Debt sustainability in fragile and conflict-affected states: heightened risks and needs
  • Blog, July 2021: The private sector in low income and fragile countries needs more than credit 
  • Blog, Feb. 2020: Next steps for the World Bank’s new strategy for fragility, conflict and violence: what does the evidence say?  
  • Blog, Aug. 2020: Convening for Peace: Lessons from evaluating the World Bank Group 
  • Blog, Feb. 2020: Conflicting Results: Measuring outcomes in situations of conflict 
  • Blog, Dec. 2019: Translating the Principles of the Global Compact on Refugees into Concrete Actions 


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