Back to cover

Delphi Technique: Predicting Emerging Opportunities and Challenges in Renewable Energy


Dalkey, N. C., and D. L. Rourke. 1972. “Experimental Assessment of Delphi Procedures with Group Value Judgments.” In Studies in the Quality of Life: Delphi and Decision-Making, edited by N. C. Dalkey, D. L. Rourke, R. Lewis, and D. Snyder, 55–83. Lexington, MA: Lexington Books.

Hsu, C., and B. A. Sandford. 2007. “The Delphi Technique: Making Sense of Consensus.” Practical Assessment, Research & Evaluation 12 (10): 1–8.

IEA (International Energy Agency). 2014. World Energy Outlook 2014. Paris: IEA.

IEA (International Energy Agency). 2015. World Energy Outlook 2015. Paris: IEA.

IEA (International Energy Agency). 2016. World Energy Outlook 2016. Paris: IEA.

IEA (International Energy Agency). 2017. World Energy Outlook 2017. Paris: IEA.

IEA (International Energy Agency). 2019. World Energy Outlook 2019. Paris: IEA.

IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change). 2019. 2019 Refinement to the 2006 IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories. Geneva: IPCC.

IRENA (International Renewable Energy Agency). 2017. Renewable Energy Statistics 2017. Abu Dhabi: IRENA.

Jayawardena, Migara, Ryan Watkins, and Maurya West Meiers. 2019. “Oracle for the Future of Sustainable Energy: Designing a Delphi Approach to Predict Future Trends through a Panel of Global Experts.” Paper presented at the Evaluation 2019 Conference, American Evaluation Association, Minneapolis, November 11–16.

Ludwig, B. 1997. “Predicting the Future: Have You Considered Using the Delphi Methodology?” Journal of Extension 35 (5).

Miller, L. E. 2006. “Determining What Could/Should Be: The Delphi Technique and Its Application.” Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Mid-Western Educational Research Association, Columbus, Ohio, October.

REN21. 2018. Renewables 2018 Global Status Report. Paris: REN21 Secretariat.

Thangaratinam, S., and C. W. E. Redman. 2005. “The Delphi Technique.” The Obstetrician and Gynaecologist 7: 120–25.

Turoff, M., and S. R. Hiltz. 1996. “Computer Based Delphi Process.” In Gazing into the Oracle: The Delphi Method and Its Application to Social Policy and Public Health, edited by M. Adler and E. Ziglio, 56–88. London, UK: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.

Ulschak, F. L. 1983. Human Resource Development: The Theory and Practice of Need Assessment. Reston, VA: Reston Publishing.

UN (United Nations). 2018. “Regional Preparatory Meeting on Energy Issues.” Outcome Document UN E/ESCWA/RFSD/2018/CRP, United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia, New York.

Watkins, R., M. West Meiers, and Y. L. Visser. 2012. A Guide to Assessing Needs: Essential Tools for Collecting Information, Making Decisions, and Achieving Development Results. Washington, DC: World Bank.

World Bank, IFC (International Finance Corporation), and MIGA (Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency). 2016. World Bank Group Climate Change Action Plan 2016–2020. Washington, DC: World Bank.

World Bank. 2017. Toward a Clean World for All: An Evaluation of the World Bank Group’s Support to Pollution Management. Washington, DC: World Bank.

World Bank. 2020. Renewable Energy: Evaluation of the World Bank Group’s Support for Electricity from Renewable Energy Resources, 2000–2017. Thematic and Sector Evaluation. Washington, DC: World Bank.

World Commission on Dams. 2000. Dams and Development: A New Framework for Decision-Making. London and Sterling, VA: Earthscan Publications.