Donor coordination was largely through an informal donor group (Comité des Partenaires Techniques et Financiers) convened by the ambassador of France for much of the evaluation period. This group met monthly to discuss budget support and monitoring for implementation of reforms. Since 2019, the group has been co-led by representatives of the United Nations and the European Union. The World Bank continued to have strong engagements with the macroeconomics and education sector working groups.
The World Bank coordinated with other donors during the design of projects but less frequently during the implementation. In education, the World Bank relied on data from the United Nations Children’s Fund; the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization; and the African Development Bank to target beneficiaries. For social protection projects, the Bank Group coordinated with United Nations agencies and the European Union during design for diagnostics on poverty and vulnerability, targeting and registration approaches, and payment systems and during implementation on joint missions and technical meetings.
Evidence from 18 ICRs suggests strong collaboration among the Bank Group and development partners. This was particularly evident with respect to macroeconomics and governance, oil revenue management, education, health, and agriculture. Collaboration took place through information sharing, debriefing of mission findings, supervision missions, and complementarity of donor projects. The main development partners were the IMF, the African Development Bank, Agence Française de Développement, and the German Agency for International Cooperation. Coordination with Agence Française de Développement supported the preparation of the 2016 tax code for Chad, which was aligned to prior actions supported by the Bank Group Fiscal Consolidation DPF operation.
Collaboration was particularly close between the World Bank and the IMF. DPO prior actions were complementary to the IMF performance criteria (see table 4.1) Collaboration was also particularly close in supporting Chad in meeting the specific preconditions of the HIPC completion point (see chapter 2).
Table 4.1. Complementarity between World Bank Prior Actions and IMF Performance Criteria
World Bank Prior Actions
IMF Performance Criteria
World Bank Group prior actions on the DPO Fiscal Consolidation Program focused on enactment of tax codes consolidating all tax-related fiscal regulations, validation of data collected through the civil servant biometric census, expansion of taxpayer base and increase in revenue, enactment of a procurement code, and improvement of Doing Business indicators (World Bank 2016).
Bank Group prior actions were complementary to the 2014 IMF Extended Credit Facility performance criteria and structural benchmarks on fiscal balance, prevention of arrears accumulation, protection of pro-poor expenditures, publication of consolidated oil revenue data, and reduction in the use of extraordinary spending procedures (IMF 2014).
The Chad Emergency DPF of FY17 and the Programmatic Economic Recovery and Resilience Grant DPF had prior actions on reducing allowances of civil servants by 50 percent, auditing the public payroll, reducing tax expenditures, suspending the use of nonconcessional external debt with more than a year maturity, and implementing a procurement code. These complemented the IMF performance criteria for the period.
Bank Group prior actions were complementary to some of the IMF performance criteria for 2014–17. These criteria are a floor on non-oil primary budget balance, a ceiling on net domestic government financing, an accumulation of domestic payment arrears by the government, and the accumulation of new external payment arrears by the government or public nonfinancial enterprises (IMF 2017).
Source: World Bank Group DPF operations FY16–20; World Bank 2016; IMF 2014, 2017, 2019.
Note: DPF = development policy financing; DPO = development policy operation; FY = fiscal year; IMF = International Monetary Fund.
- Thematic or sector working groups existed at different times over the evaluation period. The World Bank was a member of three of six of these groups—the macroeconomics, public finance, and private sector subcommittees. Only the macroeconomic group met regularly .