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Report/Evaluation Type:Project Level Evaluations (PPARs)
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Vietnam : Results-Based Rural Water Supply and Sanitation under the National Target Program

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Ratings for the Results-Based Rural Water Supply and Sanitation under the National Target Program project are as follows: Outcome was highly satisfactory, Bank performance was highly satisfactory, and Quality of monitoring and evaluation was substantial. The RWSS PforR’s experience suggests the following lessons: (i) PforR Show MoreRatings for the Results-Based Rural Water Supply and Sanitation under the National Target Program project are as follows: Outcome was highly satisfactory, Bank performance was highly satisfactory, and Quality of monitoring and evaluation was substantial. The RWSS PforR’s experience suggests the following lessons: (i) PforR design needs to be closely aligned with national policies and regulations, particularly regarding financial management. (ii) PforR design and implementation need to exercise equity and inclusivity in targeting beneficiaries to avoid selection bias against hard-to-reach ethnic and the poorest minorities and to reduce their vulnerability in the long term. (iii) The existence of an enabling environment for private participation could enhance the effectiveness of PforRs.

Panama : First, Second, and Third Programmatic Fiscal Management and Efficiency of Expenditures Development Policy Loan

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Ratings for the First, Second, and Third Programmatic Fiscal Management and Efficiency of Expenditures Development Policy Loans are as follows: Outcome was satisfactory, Risk to development outcome was not applicable, Bank performance was moderately satisfactory, and Borrower performance was not applicable. This assessment Show MoreRatings for the First, Second, and Third Programmatic Fiscal Management and Efficiency of Expenditures Development Policy Loans are as follows: Outcome was satisfactory, Risk to development outcome was not applicable, Bank performance was moderately satisfactory, and Borrower performance was not applicable. This assessment offers the following lessons: (i) Development policy financing design requires realism and clarity about risks to implementation, and (ii) Social protection reform in Panama was a matter of political will rather than resource availability.

Tanzania : First Business Environment and Competitiveness for Jobs Development Policy Operation

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Ratings for the First Business Environment and Competitiveness for Jobs Development Policy Operation are as follows: Outcome was moderately unsatisfactory, and Bank performance was moderately unsatisfactory. This assessment offers the following lessons: (i) Although informed risk taking is a feature of DPOs that incorporate Show MoreRatings for the First Business Environment and Competitiveness for Jobs Development Policy Operation are as follows: Outcome was moderately unsatisfactory, and Bank performance was moderately unsatisfactory. This assessment offers the following lessons: (i) Although informed risk taking is a feature of DPOs that incorporate difficult reforms, the associated risks of the BEFJ programmatic series in Tanzania were not clearly acknowledged. (ii) In Tanzania, complex operations that span several ministries may strain the capacity of government counterparts. More focused operations that require less coordination could well be more effective. (iii) Relying predominantly on the Doing Business indicators to identify reform priorities missed addressing some of the most important priorities.

Malawi : Nutrition and HIV/AIDS Project

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Ratings for the Nutrition and HIV/AIDS Project are as follows: Outcome was moderately unsatisfactory, Overall efficacy was modest, Bank performance was moderately unsatisfactory, and Quality of monitoring and evaluation were modest/negligible. This assessment offers the following five lessons and recommendations: (i) While Show MoreRatings for the Nutrition and HIV/AIDS Project are as follows: Outcome was moderately unsatisfactory, Overall efficacy was modest, Bank performance was moderately unsatisfactory, and Quality of monitoring and evaluation were modest/negligible. This assessment offers the following five lessons and recommendations: (i) While the care group model might be a viable option for nutrition communication and potential behavior change, it is critical to focus on the conditions that can make the model successful. (ii) Developing community-based activities at a large scale takes time and continuous support and it is fundamental to adequately estimate the time and resources needed for full implementation. (iii) The care group model requires intensive stakeholder engagement and sensitivity to the social context. (iv) To track output delivery and expected change, the PDO, results framework, and indicators need to be well tailored. (v) Project structures that are sufficiently flexible to adjust to donor and government needs, help implementation and achievement of results In the HIV/AIDS component, the project adeptly responded to shifts in donor funding commitments to ensure efficient deployment of project resources in needed areas.

Mongolia : Sustainable Livelihoods Project and Second Sustainable Livelihoods Project

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Ratings for the Sustainable Livelihoods Project are as follows: Outcome was satisfactory, Overall efficacy was substantial, Bank performance was satisfactory, and Quality of M&E was modest. Ratings for the Second Sustainable Livelihoods Project are: Outcome, moderately satisfactory, Overall efficacy, substantial, Bank Show MoreRatings for the Sustainable Livelihoods Project are as follows: Outcome was satisfactory, Overall efficacy was substantial, Bank performance was satisfactory, and Quality of M&E was modest. Ratings for the Second Sustainable Livelihoods Project are: Outcome, moderately satisfactory, Overall efficacy, substantial, Bank performance, moderately satisfactory, and Quality of M&E, modest. This assessment offers the following lessons: (i) Sustained engagement in CDD, combined with positive political momentum and internal champions, can lead to legal and regulatory changes that support sustainability of the mechanism. (ii) In environments where there is an increasing and unsustainable pressure on the natural resource base, the vulnerability of resource users cannot be reduced successfully without comprehensively addressing the drivers of resource degradation. (iii) Ensuring social inclusion is key in the implementation of group-based interventions to avoid unintended consequences, such as exacerbating distributional inequities or free-rider problems. (iv) Risk forecasting and early-warning systems may not be sustained if the technology is incompatible with or not embedded in local institutions. (v) Increasing the availability of rural finance does not automatically lead to livelihood diversification and may contribute to additional livelihood vulnerability in high-risk sectors. (vi) Efforts to implement index-based insurance programs should thoroughly assess factors that will determine feasibility and sustainability, including the appetite for insurance within the target customer base. (vii) A mismatch between project ambition and support can impair the provision of sufficient capacity building needed for desired behavior change and long-term outcomes.

The Gambia : Growth and Competitiveness Project

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Ratings for the Growth and Competitiveness Project are as follows: Outcome was moderately unsatisfactory, Overall efficacy was modest, Bank performance was unsatisfactory, and Quality of monitoring and evaluation was modest. This assessment offers the following lessons: (i) It is crucial to have a permanent funding mechanism Show MoreRatings for the Growth and Competitiveness Project are as follows: Outcome was moderately unsatisfactory, Overall efficacy was modest, Bank performance was unsatisfactory, and Quality of monitoring and evaluation was modest. This assessment offers the following lessons: (i) It is crucial to have a permanent funding mechanism for smooth functioning and sustainability of an SWBR. Since lack of funding is a major issue, the registry implemented by the project depends on the Ministry of Justice and Ministry of Trade, Industry, Regional Integration and Employment for funding. (ii) Matching grant schemes need to be timely in the project’s trajectory and carefully targeted to participants’ specific needs. (iii) For working with low-capacity clients, especially in fragile and conflict-affected countries, design should be simple and include a realistic set of components and activities implementable by the Project Coordination Unit. (iv) Public-private dialogue to instigate investment climate reforms needs a key champion at the highest level of the government to bring the public and private sector entities together to adopt and implement reforms.

Morocco - Municipal Solid Waste Sector Development Policy Loans 1-4

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Ratings for Loans 1 and 2 of the Municipal Solid Waste Sector Development Policy were as follows: Outcome was moderately satisfactory, Risk to development outcome was significant, Bank performance was satisfactory, and Borrower performance was satisfactory. Ratings for Loans 3 and 4 were as follows: Outcome was satisfactory, Show MoreRatings for Loans 1 and 2 of the Municipal Solid Waste Sector Development Policy were as follows: Outcome was moderately satisfactory, Risk to development outcome was significant, Bank performance was satisfactory, and Borrower performance was satisfactory. Ratings for Loans 3 and 4 were as follows: Outcome was satisfactory, Risk to development outcome was significant, Bank performance was satisfactory, Borrower performance was satisfactory. This assessment offers the following lessons: (i) A policy loan can be a viable instrument to start reforms in the MSWM sector, cover multiple aspects, and obtain the government’s sustained attention and commitment for a nationwide program. However, because of the sector’s complexity, with many actors involved at the national and local levels, these reforms require long-term engagement using various instruments. (ii) Continued attention to strengthening municipalities, both financially and institutionally, is key to enabling them to fulfill their service provision mandate on SWM sustainably. (iii) Behavioral change and leveraging technology are critically needed to establish separation at source and promote waste reduction, reuse, and recycling, promoting the evolution into a circular economy and ensuring environmental sustainability. (iv) Integrated upstream interventions including policy reforms, incentives and investments for circular economy (along with focus on collection and disposal) are needed to achieve sustainable solid waste management systems. (v) Scaling up the formalization of waste pickers requires broader enabling policy changes and capacity building and incentives at the local government level.

Montenegro - Institutional Development and Agriculture Strengthening Project (MIDAS)

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Ratings for the Institutional Development and Agricultural Strengthening Project (MIAS) are as follows: Outcome was satisfactory, Overall efficacy was substantial, Bank performance was satisfactory, and Quality of monitoring and evaluation was substantial. This assessment offers the following lessons: (i) A clear articulation Show MoreRatings for the Institutional Development and Agricultural Strengthening Project (MIAS) are as follows: Outcome was satisfactory, Overall efficacy was substantial, Bank performance was satisfactory, and Quality of monitoring and evaluation was substantial. This assessment offers the following lessons: (i) A clear articulation of the expected transformation of the agriculture sector, and a logically associated and well-defined path to follow at the institutional and production level, is crucial in justifying reforms and achieving desired outcomes. (ii) A practical “learning by doing” pilot approach can help identify and address bottlenecks and prepare the sector for new practices and procedures. (iii) Sector weaknesses need to be addressed in a holistic manner at institutional, administrative, regulatory, and production levels to comprehensively foster a country’s agriculture sector competitiveness. (iv) Projects supporting compliance with market standards can help beneficiaries meet necessary conditions for market participation, but they do not guarantee market inclusion or expansion without connection support for new market linkages. (v) Access to finance for agricultural producers should be assessed at appraisal to test the extent to which limited credit is an overarching constraint to broader sector development.

Côte d’Ivoire - First, Second, and Third Poverty Reduction Support Credits

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Ratings for the First, Second, and Third Poverty Reduction Support Credits were as follows: Outcome was moderately unsatisfactory, Risk to development outcome wash, Bank performance was moderately unsatisfactory, and the Quality of monitoring and evaluation was moderately unsatisfactory. This assessment offers the following Show MoreRatings for the First, Second, and Third Poverty Reduction Support Credits were as follows: Outcome was moderately unsatisfactory, Risk to development outcome wash, Bank performance was moderately unsatisfactory, and the Quality of monitoring and evaluation was moderately unsatisfactory. This assessment offers the following lessons: (i) Designing DPO series with too many unrelated prior actions may undermine achievement of results. (ii) A clear results chain is needed to prioritize critical actions and monitor results. (iii) Critical reforms that require sequencing over an extended period for effective implementation should be complemented by institutional measures for sustained implementation and technical assistance projects to build capacity. (iv) In post-conflict situations, the need for budget support provides an opportunity for introducing and accelerating reforms.

Republic of Congo - Support for Economic Diversification Project

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Ratings for the Support for Economic Diversification Project were as follows: Outcome was moderately unsatisfactory, Overall efficacy was negligible for original PDO and modest for revised PDO, Bank performance was moderately unsatisfactory, and Quality of monitoring and evaluation was modest. This assessment offers the Show MoreRatings for the Support for Economic Diversification Project were as follows: Outcome was moderately unsatisfactory, Overall efficacy was negligible for original PDO and modest for revised PDO, Bank performance was moderately unsatisfactory, and Quality of monitoring and evaluation was modest. This assessment offers the following lessons: (i) When working with low-capacity clients, especially in countries affected by fragility, conflict, and violence, design should be simple with a minimum of components and limited requirements for coordination. (ii) For investment climate reform type projects, particularly in countries with strong centralized power dynamics, a key champion at the highest level of the government and coordination among the various ministries are crucial to bringing the public and private sectors together and helping identify and implement the reforms needed to improve the investment climate and competitiveness. (iii) It is crucial for projects involving large counterpart funding, especially in countries where public revenues are highly dependent on natural resources, to consider the risk of commodity price fluctuations for counterpart funding at the time of appraisal and seek to mitigate such risk. (iv) A matching grant scheme should clearly identify the needs of the beneficiaries at the time of the project design, especially in countries similar to the Republic of Congo that lack an entrepreneurship mind-set, have a large informal sector, and lack funding from financial institutions to firms.