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Report/Evaluation Type:Country-Focused Evaluations
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Bangladesh - Review of the Experience with Policy Reforms in the 1980s

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This report outlines the genesis and evolution of policy-based lending in Bangladesh, the critical issues in the late 1970s, and early government initiatives. It provides an assessment of the objectives, strategy, policy instruments, and design of the programs enacted. The implementation and outcome of the policy reforms initiated in agriculture, industry and trade, the financial sector, and in Show MoreThis report outlines the genesis and evolution of policy-based lending in Bangladesh, the critical issues in the late 1970s, and early government initiatives. It provides an assessment of the objectives, strategy, policy instruments, and design of the programs enacted. The implementation and outcome of the policy reforms initiated in agriculture, industry and trade, the financial sector, and in capital budget planning and management are also detailed. The report focuses on experience with the disbursement and utilization of International Development Association funds, including the effectiveness of conditionality and tranching. It draws on the lessons of experience and suggests possibilities for strengthening aspects of the Bank's decisionmaking process and approach to macroeconomic and sectoral issues. Finally, the executive summary provides an overview of the effectiveness and outcome of the policy reforms enacted. It assesses the sustainability of the adjustment effort, a core of outstanding issues requiring government attention, and presents the main lessons and recommendations.

The Caribbean Region: a Review on World Bank Assistance

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Ghana: Country Assistance Review

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The study reviews the design and implementation of the country assistance strategies presented to the Board in 1995 and 1997. The overall outcome of the program is rated satisfactory, balancing successes in reducing poverty and improving social indicators against shortfalls in governance, reducing the role of the state, uneven macroeconomic management, and shortfalls in governance and private Show MoreThe study reviews the design and implementation of the country assistance strategies presented to the Board in 1995 and 1997. The overall outcome of the program is rated satisfactory, balancing successes in reducing poverty and improving social indicators against shortfalls in governance, reducing the role of the state, uneven macroeconomic management, and shortfalls in governance and private sector development. Sustainability is rated as uncertain, since growth and poverty reduction have depended on large inflows of concessional aid, and improved environment for private sector development depends on improved governance, sound macroeconomic management, and deeper reform of the state sector. Against this background, the International Development Association's overall impact on institutional development is rated as modest. Future assistance strategy for Ghana will be within the Comprehensive Development Framework. This implies a stronger focus on improved economic management, public finance, and governance, as well as participation of civil society and private sector development, with the International Finance Corporation and Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency playing substantial roles. It also implies stronger partnerships with other donors to support human capital development in health and education, gender equity, social development, and environmental management.

Zambia: Country Assistance Review

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This review evaluates the Bank's activities in Zambia during 1983-95. It assesses the relevance, efficacy, and efficiency of the country assistance program to establish accountability, draw on lessons learned, and provide recommendations for future actions. It also stresses the need for the Bank to proceed with economic and sector work and portfolio management during periods of suspended Show MoreThis review evaluates the Bank's activities in Zambia during 1983-95. It assesses the relevance, efficacy, and efficiency of the country assistance program to establish accountability, draw on lessons learned, and provide recommendations for future actions. It also stresses the need for the Bank to proceed with economic and sector work and portfolio management during periods of suspended disbursements to avoid gaps in knowledge and needless damage to ongoing projects.

Argentina: Country Assistance Review

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This Country Assistance Review concentrates on the relevance, efficacy, and efficiency of the Bank's program of assistance to Argentina during 1985-95. It is meant to establish accountability, derive lessons from experience, and provide recommendations for future actions. The study distinguishes three subperiods for analysis: 1985-89, during which the Bank's involvement took place in an Show MoreThis Country Assistance Review concentrates on the relevance, efficacy, and efficiency of the Bank's program of assistance to Argentina during 1985-95. It is meant to establish accountability, derive lessons from experience, and provide recommendations for future actions. The study distinguishes three subperiods for analysis: 1985-89, during which the Bank's involvement took place in an environment of extreme financial instability; 1990-94, when reforms intensified and economic recovery was impressive; and the current period, when sustainability of the recovery is the issue. Within all three subcategories the following aspects of Bank assistance are considered: developmental constraints, overall achievements, and the relevance, efficacy, and efficiency of the assistance. Based on the findings of the evaluation, recommendations are made for future assistance strategies.

Poland: Country Assistance Review

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This review evaluates the overall relevance, efficacy, and efficiency of World Bank assistance to Poland and finds that the Bank's technical advice and intellectual support were pivotal in facilitating the work of Polish reformers. The book explores the stages in the evolution of the Bank's assistance to Poland - systemic and institutional transformation and social improvement, private sector and Show MoreThis review evaluates the overall relevance, efficacy, and efficiency of World Bank assistance to Poland and finds that the Bank's technical advice and intellectual support were pivotal in facilitating the work of Polish reformers. The book explores the stages in the evolution of the Bank's assistance to Poland - systemic and institutional transformation and social improvement, private sector and infrastructure development, implementation and supervision - and presents results and recommendations.

Togo: Country Assistance Note

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This Country Assistance Evaluation for Togo, which was previously issued as a draft in December 1997, is now being re-issued for the purpose of public disclosure. Togo ' s adjustment performance was one of the best among CFA (African Financial Community) countries from 1984 to 1990. But violent turmoil disrupted the process and real Gross Domestic Product (GDP) fell by 22 percent between 1991 and Show MoreThis Country Assistance Evaluation for Togo, which was previously issued as a draft in December 1997, is now being re-issued for the purpose of public disclosure. Togo ' s adjustment performance was one of the best among CFA (African Financial Community) countries from 1984 to 1990. But violent turmoil disrupted the process and real Gross Domestic Product (GDP) fell by 22 percent between 1991 and 1993. When the 1995 Country Assistance Strategy (CAS) was presented to the Executive Board, there were ten active projects of which nine had been approved before the political turmoil. Five of those nine have now been closed and the remaining four are expected to be closed soon. Appropriately, the capabilities of the resident mission are being strengthened in order to enhance portfolio management, speed up project preparation, and improve aid coordination. The World Bank ' s strategy, outlined in the 1995 CAS was realistic and achievements in the last 30 months meet or exceed targets in the base case scenario. The Bank ' s short-term objectives had been to restore macroeconomic stability, rehabilitate essential transport and energy infrastructure, and restore basic health, education, and urban services. Longer-term objectives had been to improve private sector environment and to develop human resources and alleviate poverty. The 1997 progress report provides a clear and fair assessment of what has been achieved. In view of the political uncertainties, the next CAS has been postphoned.

Morocco: Country Assistance Review

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This review examines the relevance, effectiveness, and efficiency of World Bank assistance to Morocco during 1983–95. The Bank has primarily helped the country achieve a major improvement in its fiscal balance and to break away from isolationist policies. Substantial trade liberalization and reform across the board have led to steady, renewed economic growth since the mid-1980s. But the overall Show MoreThis review examines the relevance, effectiveness, and efficiency of World Bank assistance to Morocco during 1983–95. The Bank has primarily helped the country achieve a major improvement in its fiscal balance and to break away from isolationist policies. Substantial trade liberalization and reform across the board have led to steady, renewed economic growth since the mid-1980s. But the overall pace of reform weakened toward the end of the 1980s, causing mixed results and an unrealized potential. To enhance the effectiveness of the Bank's development assistance, the Bank should focus on reducing the public sector wage bill, efficiently allocating public spending and increasing more equitable cost recovery; and improving public enterprise operational efficiency and pricing policies while increasing private participation in infrastructure development. In the private sector, the Bank should help in restoring momentum to the trade and incentives reform process, intensifying efforts to fully liberalize the financial system, and focusing on human and physical infrastructure. Further, the Bank should assist in redirecting public spending toward the social sectors and focusing on poor farmers. Morocco's scarce water resources should be conserved and shifted to crops that require less water. Structural adjustment lending should be more selective, more resources should be spent ondissemination and constituency building, and the country assistance strategy must realistically assess economic and social conditions, and be based on relevant and appropriate project and program design. The review concludes that establishing a resident mission would help foster contact with local stakeholders and improve project design.

Bangladesh: Country Assistance Review

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This volume reviews 16 years of IDA involvement in Bangladesh, which included 93 projects, a massive volume of economic and sector work, and an ongoing policy dialogue that has examined all aspects of economic and social life. The impressive achievements—in education, health, and food production—are detailed, as are the areas of disappointment, which will require sustained political Show MoreThis volume reviews 16 years of IDA involvement in Bangladesh, which included 93 projects, a massive volume of economic and sector work, and an ongoing policy dialogue that has examined all aspects of economic and social life. The impressive achievements—in education, health, and food production—are detailed, as are the areas of disappointment, which will require sustained political commitment if success is to be realized. The lessons learned are presented at a strategic level and are applicable to other countries as well.

Reconstruir a Economia de Moçambique: análise da assistência ao país

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