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China Country Assistance Evaluation: Water (Background Paper)

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2004 Annual Review of Development Effectiveness: The Bank's Contributions to Poverty Reduction

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The Bank has refocused its mission and corporate strategy to help contribute to poverty reduction, based on a two-pillar strategy which emphasizes growth and social issues, including empowerment and security. It has rightly adopted a multi-dimensional approach to poverty that is broader than just income. The Bank should further elaborate its business models, such as PRSPs, LICUS, and MICs to make Show MoreThe Bank has refocused its mission and corporate strategy to help contribute to poverty reduction, based on a two-pillar strategy which emphasizes growth and social issues, including empowerment and security. It has rightly adopted a multi-dimensional approach to poverty that is broader than just income. The Bank should further elaborate its business models, such as PRSPs, LICUS, and MICs to make them more fully consistent with poverty reduction in varying country settings. Linking the Bank's interventions at the country level to poverty reduction will require a sharper results focus. The Bank's global programs should also be more explicitly linked to needs of developing countries and to poverty reduction. The Bank needs to devote more attention to growth and the interaction between growth and the social aspects of poverty reduction. It would be timely to assess the impact of the Bank's work on governance and harness the links between governance and investment climate. The Bank needs to better demonstrate the poverty impact of its interventions aimed at empowerment and human development.

Evaluation Beyond 2015: Implications of the SDGs for Evaluation

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Evaluation Beyond 2015: Implications of the SDGs for Evaluation
2015 is setting a new agenda for development. And by implication for evaluation. 2015 is setting a new agenda for development. And by implication for evaluation.

Avaliações Influentes: Avaliações que Melhoraram o Desempenho e os Impactos de Programas de Desenvolvimento (Influential Evaluations report in Portuguese)

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When conducted at the right time, and when they focus on key issues of concern to policy makers and managers, and when the results are presented in a user-friendly format, evaluations can provide a highly cost-effective way to improve the performance and impact of development policies, programs and projects. But evaluations that fail these criteria may produce no useful resultseven when they are Show MoreWhen conducted at the right time, and when they focus on key issues of concern to policy makers and managers, and when the results are presented in a user-friendly format, evaluations can provide a highly cost-effective way to improve the performance and impact of development policies, programs and projects. But evaluations that fail these criteria may produce no useful resultseven when they are methodologically sound. This report presents 8 examples of evaluations that had a significant impact. In many cases it was possible to compare the costs of conducting the evaluation with the economic benefits produced and to show that the evaluation was a highly cost-effective management tool.

Maintaining Momentum Towards the MDGs: An Impact Evaluation of Interventions to Improve Maternal and Child Health and Nutrition Outcomes in Bangladesh

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This study is the second in a series of three impact studies being conducted by OED under a DFID-OED partnership agreement. In these studies OED is exploring different ways of carrying out ex post impact analysis in cases for which no impact evaluation framework was put in place at the start of the intervention. For the first study, of Ghana basic education (World Bank, 2004), a survey was Show MoreThis study is the second in a series of three impact studies being conducted by OED under a DFID-OED partnership agreement. In these studies OED is exploring different ways of carrying out ex post impact analysis in cases for which no impact evaluation framework was put in place at the start of the intervention. For the first study, of Ghana basic education (World Bank, 2004), a survey was commissioned to follow on from a nationally representative household and school survey conducted fifteen years earlier. This second study is based on existing data sets: the Bangladesh Demographic and Health Surveys, the Household Income and Expenditure Survey, two data sets related to the Bangladesh Integrated Nutrition Project - the evaluation data set and that collected by Save the Children - and data from Helen Keller International's Nutritional Surveillance Project.

Peru: Decentralized Subnational Roads Management

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This is a Project Performance Assessment Report (PPAR) on the Peru Regional Transport Infrastructure Decentralization Project, and the Decentralized Rural Transport Project. The objective of the Regional Project was to improve, through decentralization at the regional level the prioritization, the efficiency and effectiveness of regional transport interventions to contribute to Show MoreThis is a Project Performance Assessment Report (PPAR) on the Peru Regional Transport Infrastructure Decentralization Project, and the Decentralized Rural Transport Project. The objective of the Regional Project was to improve, through decentralization at the regional level the prioritization, the efficiency and effectiveness of regional transport interventions to contribute to regional development and poverty alleviation by enhancing transport conditions in the borrower’s territory. The Rural Project was to contribute to territorial development and the fight against rural poverty in the borrower’s territory by improving access of rural households and entrepreneurs to goods, social services, and income-generating opportunities through reduced transport costs and better rural transport infrastructure. Ratings for the Regional Transport Infrastructure Decentralization Project are as follows: Outcome was moderately unsatisfactory, Risk to development outcome was significant, Bank performance was moderately unsatisfactory, and Borrower performance was moderately unsatisfactory. Ratings for the Decentralized Rural Transport Project are as follows: Outcome was satisfactory, Risk to development outcome was significant, and Bank performance was satisfactory, and Borrower performance was satisfactory. Lessons from these projects include: (i) Subnational governments need to own their road planning instruments to ensure their use. (ii) Ways to sustain the community-based microenterprises model for rural road maintenance need to be found. (iii) Road maintenance is essential all year round, and funding and bidding schedules need to be adjusted accordingly. (iv) Poverty impacts of rural roads projects are difficult to attribute. (v) f the road agency carries out activities that are outside its core responsibilities, it needs to involve the other ministries and government agencies that are responsible for these activities to ensure sustainability. (vi) Transferring successful solutions from one government level to another requires a careful contextual analysis and the subnational governments’ participation in decision making from the outset.

Bangladesh - Integrated Nutrition Project

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There were institutional problems in the Bangladesh Integrated Nutrition Project (BINP) which hampered implementation. The Implementation Completion Report suggests that the inter-sectoral component should not have been included, allowing resources (including supervision) to focus on the core community component. However, it Show MoreThere were institutional problems in the Bangladesh Integrated Nutrition Project (BINP) which hampered implementation. The Implementation Completion Report suggests that the inter-sectoral component should not have been included, allowing resources (including supervision) to focus on the core community component. However, it appears that a more integrated approach to inter-sectoral programs is being adopted under the National Nutrition Project (NNP). The limited impact of BINP on nutritional outcomes raises serious doubts as to the justification for scaling the project up to the national level. A positive lesson from BINP emerges with respect to evaluation, where there was a strong commitment from the start.

Creating Markets: Drivers of Success

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Creating Markets: Drivers of Success
Join us for a conversation on the factors underlying the success of market creation activities as the IFC implements its new corporate strategy, and the contributing roles of the World Bank and MIGA to that strategy. Join us for a conversation on the factors underlying the success of market creation activities as the IFC implements its new corporate strategy, and the contributing roles of the World Bank and MIGA to that strategy.

Changes in Carbon Markets and Regulatory Systems from Kyoto to Paris and How the World Bank Group Responded to these Changes (Working Paper)

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This study provides a structured review of the existing literature on changes in international market mechanisms for greenhouse gas reductions and related regulatory systems. The assessment period 1997 to 2016 starts with the signing of the Kyoto Protocol and ends with the entry into force of the Paris Agreement. It can be differentiated into a period of emergence of market mechanisms until 2005 Show MoreThis study provides a structured review of the existing literature on changes in international market mechanisms for greenhouse gas reductions and related regulatory systems. The assessment period 1997 to 2016 starts with the signing of the Kyoto Protocol and ends with the entry into force of the Paris Agreement. It can be differentiated into a period of emergence of market mechanisms until 2005, a gold rush from 2006 to 2011, a fragmentation of markets lasting until 2015, and a brief post-Paris period of relaunch, of a new climate policy agreement. A key aspect of the review is how the World Bank Group responded to changes. The review includes about 300 peer-reviewed articles and about 40 articles from gray literature coming from highly-reputed sources. A large share of the literature examined covers the flexible mechanisms of the Kyoto Protocol with a strong focus on the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM). This is a consequence of the unexpected success of the CDM in the carbon market, at least until 2011–12, as well as the transparency of the mechanism that has facilitated research. As topics and issues related to the international carbon market emerged, the Bank Group tried to address them, focusing on developing countries to enhance their participation in the market. However, there is only limited peer-reviewed literature that assesses the Bank Group strategies and operations. Key changes in markets and regulatory frameworks as well as the responses of the Bank Group can be grouped into four main periods that are briefly discussed below.

Cambodia - Phnom Penh Power Rehabilitation Project

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This is the Project Performance Assessment Report (PPAR) prepared by the Operations Evaluation Department (OED) for the Cambodia-Phnom Penh Power Rehabilitation Project. The project was approved on September 28, 1995, for an IDA credit of US$40 million equivalent and closed on June 30, 2000, after an extension of 6 months. Actual IDA financing (US$35.2 million disbursed) was lower due to the Show MoreThis is the Project Performance Assessment Report (PPAR) prepared by the Operations Evaluation Department (OED) for the Cambodia-Phnom Penh Power Rehabilitation Project. The project was approved on September 28, 1995, for an IDA credit of US$40 million equivalent and closed on June 30, 2000, after an extension of 6 months. Actual IDA financing (US$35.2 million disbursed) was lower due to the highly competitive bids for equipment and installation works.