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Report/Evaluation Type:Project Level Evaluations (PPARs)
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Republic of Mali : rural community development project

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This is a project performance review of the Rural Community Development Project (PACR) financed by the International Development Association (IDA) and implemented between 2005 and 2014 across four regions of Mali. Original financing was anticipated to be US$64 million including a US$60 million IDA credit and US$4 million borrower contribution. Actual costs were US$71.2 million because of two Show MoreThis is a project performance review of the Rural Community Development Project (PACR) financed by the International Development Association (IDA) and implemented between 2005 and 2014 across four regions of Mali. Original financing was anticipated to be US$64 million including a US$60 million IDA credit and US$4 million borrower contribution. Actual costs were US$71.2 million because of two additional financings. The project sought to improve the living conditions of rural communities by providing access to basic socioeconomic services and a sustainable increase in income, while promoting improved natural resource management practices. Designed at a time when Mali had just begun to operationalize its decentralization policy, by putting national and local structures in place, the project represents the World Bank’s first large-scale investment in support of this aim. This assessment was based on a review of World Bank project documentation, supplemented by several sources of primary and secondary data collected during a field mission to Mali conducted between May 8 and May 30, 2017. Secondary data collected included the original Management Information System, 2009 census data, and fiscal transfers between the National Agency for Communal and Territorial Investments (ANICT) and all project (and nonproject communes). The data for the period 2001 to 2010 was obtained from Grinnell College, and for the period 2011, 2012–17, from ANICT (there were no transfers in 2012 because of the coup d’état that occurred that year). Primary data collection gathered the perceptions of the affected commune councils and mayors, service users and service providers, and the cooperatives that received grants for private productive assets. Specifically, the assessment conducted 12 commune council group interviews and 36 cooperative group interviews. In addition, the assessment collected data on distance and population to test the project’s service delivery metrics and targets. The project assessment will provide inputs into the Independent Evaluation Group’s (IEG’s) Fiscal Decentralization and Subnational Finance and Citizen Engagement Macroevaluations.

China : renewable energy scale-up program - phase 1

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The China Renewable Energy Scale-up Program (CRESP) was designed to enable a long-term policy dialogue and engagement with the government to develop renewables on a national scale. The backbone of the CRESP partnership was a three-phase program to develop a legal and policy framework and to support technology improvements, standards and certification, preparation, and implementation of innovative Show MoreThe China Renewable Energy Scale-up Program (CRESP) was designed to enable a long-term policy dialogue and engagement with the government to develop renewables on a national scale. The backbone of the CRESP partnership was a three-phase program to develop a legal and policy framework and to support technology improvements, standards and certification, preparation, and implementation of innovative renewable energy projects across the country. Ratings for the project are as follows: Outcome was highly satisfactory, Risk to development was low, Bank performance was satisfactory, and Borrower performance was satisfactory. The main lessons that emerge from the experience of this complex project are: (i) Combining institutional development and investments in one package can help overcome difficult challenges. (ii) Adequate time and resources for preparation and consultations should be planned and allowed. (iii) Cost-shared grants can enhance selectivity and efficiently leverage knowledge transfer, technology improvement, and counterpart funding. (iv) A long-term, predictable price signal can provide an effective stimulus for continuing investments in renewable energies.

Burundi - Food Crisis Response Development Policy Grant Project

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This is the Project Performance Assessment Report (PPAR) for the Food Crisis Response Development Policy Grant to Burundi, which was issued under the auspices of the Global Food Crisis Response Program. The actions linked to the operation can be grouped into four policy areas, involving tax policy and expanded safety nets to mitigate short-term impacts; agriculture policy to enhance longrun food Show MoreThis is the Project Performance Assessment Report (PPAR) for the Food Crisis Response Development Policy Grant to Burundi, which was issued under the auspices of the Global Food Crisis Response Program. The actions linked to the operation can be grouped into four policy areas, involving tax policy and expanded safety nets to mitigate short-term impacts; agriculture policy to enhance longrun food security; and policies to ensure fiscal stability in the medium term. IEG's assessment found that the objectives of the grant operation were substantially relevant. However, the operation‘s design was not sufficiently adapted to the Burundi foodsecurity context, weakening the relevance of the actions to the intended outcomes. The objectives of reducing hunger and preventing an increase in poverty were modestlyachieved, and the operation‘s contribution to preventing social unrest is assessed asnegligible.

Kyrgyz Republic : village investment project and second village investment project

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This is a Project Performance Assessment Report (PPAR) of the Village Investment Project (VIP 1) and the Second Village Investment Project (VIP 2), implemented from 2003 to 2014. Both VIP projects were designed against a backdrop of persistent rural poverty, a vacuum in the supply of local infrastructure services, a lack of economic opportunities, and a nascent decentralization agenda. Project Show MoreThis is a Project Performance Assessment Report (PPAR) of the Village Investment Project (VIP 1) and the Second Village Investment Project (VIP 2), implemented from 2003 to 2014. Both VIP projects were designed against a backdrop of persistent rural poverty, a vacuum in the supply of local infrastructure services, a lack of economic opportunities, and a nascent decentralization agenda. Project design incorporated lessons from implementing a community-based pilot financed by the Japanese Social Development Fund (JSDF) and information from extensive consultations conducted as part of the thorough project preparation. High capacity and excellent support from the implementing agency created by the project were crucial factors in their successful and rapid implementation of the projects. Ratings for the Village Investment Project were as follows: Outcome was satisfactory, Risk to development outcome was moderate, World Bank performance was satisfactory, and Borrower performance was satisfactory. Ratings for the Second Village Investment Project were: Outcome was satisfactory, Risk to development outcome was moderate, World Bank performance was satisfactory, and Borrower performance was satisfactory. Lessons from the project include: (i) Multiple tranches of village-level financing in CDD projects can reinforce and strengthen participatory planning over time. This approach can also lower the risk of elite capture. (ii) CDD programs implemented nationally can enhance political legitimacy, especially in countries with ethnic or regional tensions. Although a move to consolidate project activities can magnify local economic gains, these consolidations carry the risk of perceptions of favoritism of one group over another. (iii) In rapidly scaled out CDD programs there is a need to pay simultaneous attention to social outreach and infrastructure quality. Poor infrastructure can undermine program legitimacy and create a public safety risk. (iv) Investments in small-scale enterprises require an upstream diagnosis of capacity and constraints and the interventions should be targeted to address known binding constraints.

Bulgaria : district heating project

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This Project Performance Assessment Report (PPAR) prepared by the Independent Evaluation Group (IEG) evaluates the development effectiveness and sustainability of results of the World Bank–financed District Heating Project in Bulgaria (2003–08). The project development objectives were to improve the quality of district heating services in the capital city of Sofia (1.6 million people) and an Show MoreThis Project Performance Assessment Report (PPAR) prepared by the Independent Evaluation Group (IEG) evaluates the development effectiveness and sustainability of results of the World Bank–financed District Heating Project in Bulgaria (2003–08). The project development objectives were to improve the quality of district heating services in the capital city of Sofia (1.6 million people) and an adjacent town of Pernik (86,200 people), improve financial viability of the Sofia and Pernik district heating companies, and increase environmentally friendly operations in the district heating sector, through energy conservation and pollution reduction mechanisms. The project also extended funds from the World Bank–administered Prototype Carbon Fund (PCF) for the purchase of carbon emission reductions resulting from the project activities. Ratings for District Heating Project were as follows: Outcome was moderately satisfactory, Risk to development outcome was substantial, Bank performance was moderately satisfactory, and Borrower performance was moderately satisfactory. IEG’s review of this project’s experience in Bulgaria suggests the following lessons: (i) Postponing an energy efficiency project until the necessary legal measures addressing demand-side management are implemented can lead to better outcomes. (ii) Sustainability of benefits from infrastructure investments can be put at risk if future investment needs are unmet. (iii) Investments in energy efficiency infrastructure alone are not enough to achieve sustained financial viability. (iv) Efforts to encourage private sector participation may fail when there is no strong agreement from key stakeholders in the context of a complex and changing governance structure. (v) Carbon finance operation or results-based financing can have strong demonstration effects.

Brazil : integrated solid waste management and carbon finance project

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This Project Performance Assessment Report (PPAR) assesses the development effectiveness of the Integrated Solid Waste & Carbon Finance Project in Brazil. The project was approved on November 2, 2010, for a cost of US$160 million, with World Bank support of US$50 million. The project cost at completion was US$122.7 million, with only US$16.7 million of the World Bank’s loan being utilized. Show MoreThis Project Performance Assessment Report (PPAR) assesses the development effectiveness of the Integrated Solid Waste & Carbon Finance Project in Brazil. The project was approved on November 2, 2010, for a cost of US$160 million, with World Bank support of US$50 million. The project cost at completion was US$122.7 million, with only US$16.7 million of the World Bank’s loan being utilized. The project was closed on December 31, 2015 as planned. The objective of the project was to improve the treatment and disposal of municipal solid waste in Brazil. This was to be achieved through closing of open dumps and constructing modern and environmentally safe landfills, improving municipal solid waste management (SWM) practices, reducing poverty among waste pickers, increasing private sector participation in SWM service provision, and strengthening the borrower and implementing agency CAIXA Econômica Federale’s capacity to manage carbon finance projects. Ratings for Integrated Solid Waste Management and Carbon Finance Project were as follows: Outcome was unsatisfactory, Risk to development outcome was substantial, Bank performance was moderately unsatisfactory, and Borrower performance was unsatisfactory. Lessons from the project include: (i) A project with sector-wide objectives must provide for engagement with the government at the policy level to lay a strong basis for achieving development outcomes. (ii) For an operation involving a financial intermediary, a minimum number of sub-projects must be committed at project effectiveness, to demonstrate quick successes and to develop further momentum during implementation. (iii) In an upper middle-income country with broad-based financial and institutional resources, the World Bank’s interventions in a sector should focus on functional areas with a clear need and demand for external support and expertise. (iv) In seeking to attract private sector investment and expertise to public service provision, the major barriers to entry must be clearly recognized and addressed. Incentives at the margin are unlikely to generate wide or sustained interest.

Sri Lanka - Improving Relevance and Quality of Undergraduate Education Project, Education Sector Development Project

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The objective of this report is to assess the development effectiveness of two education projects in Sri Lanka. IEG rated the relevance of the objectives of the Improving the Relevance and Quality of Undergraduate Education Project as substantial given that the Government development strategy and the World Bank's 2008 Country Assistance Strategy (CAS) stressed equitable development with conflict Show MoreThe objective of this report is to assess the development effectiveness of two education projects in Sri Lanka. IEG rated the relevance of the objectives of the Improving the Relevance and Quality of Undergraduate Education Project as substantial given that the Government development strategy and the World Bank's 2008 Country Assistance Strategy (CAS) stressed equitable development with conflict resolution, economic growth, and improved public service delivery. The relevance of project design was substantial in that the activities and instruments chosen, such as competitive grants and block grants to universities, provided incentives and resources to change and renew their academic programs. IEG rated relevance of the objectives of the Education Sector Development Project. The relevance of project design as a SWAp was substantial given the widespread nature of the objectives and their range of implementation.

Tajikistan - Avian Influenza Control and Human Pandemic Preparedness and Response Project

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This is the Project Performance Assessment Report (PPAR) for the Avian Influenza Control and Human Pandemic Preparedness and Response Project under the Global Program for Avian Influenza Control and Human Pandemic Preparedness and Response. It was co-financed by the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) and the World Health Organization (WHO). At the time of project appraisal in 2006, while Show MoreThis is the Project Performance Assessment Report (PPAR) for the Avian Influenza Control and Human Pandemic Preparedness and Response Project under the Global Program for Avian Influenza Control and Human Pandemic Preparedness and Response. It was co-financed by the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) and the World Health Organization (WHO). At the time of project appraisal in 2006, while Tajikistan had not recorded any case of avian influenza, there was a risk of an outbreak through waterfowl migration and cross border trade, as the neighboring countries had reported cases. The prevailing institutional environment in Tajikistan, in terms of the capacity to respond to this risk for both animal and human health was weak. IEG rated the outcome of the project as moderately satisfactory. The project was an emergency response to a perceived threat. The relevance of the project objectives to the current Country Assistance Strategy at closing is rated as modest.

Egypt, Morocco and Guatemala - First and Second Financial Sector Development/Adjustment Policy Loan Project; Pakistan - Banking Sector Restructuring, Privatization, and Development Policy Program Project

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This Project Performance Assessment Report (PPAR) reviews the effectiveness of World Bank assistance in financial sector reform through a cluster of six lending operations in four countries--Egypt, Guatemala, Morocco, and Pakistan--over a period spanning from 2001 (first operation in Pakistan) to 2008 (second operation in Egypt). Overall, the evaluation finds that the reforms supported by the Show MoreThis Project Performance Assessment Report (PPAR) reviews the effectiveness of World Bank assistance in financial sector reform through a cluster of six lending operations in four countries--Egypt, Guatemala, Morocco, and Pakistan--over a period spanning from 2001 (first operation in Pakistan) to 2008 (second operation in Egypt). Overall, the evaluation finds that the reforms supported by the Bank's operations strengthened the financial sectors of the four focus countries and helped them resist the impact of the financial crisis of 2008-2009. In all the countries the financial systems are still bank-oriented but the banking sector is much stronger and generally in a better position to respond to the financing needs of the private sector.

Albania - Community Works Project, Second Community Works Project

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This Project Performance Assessment Report evaluates two Community Works Projects in Albania that aimed to rehabilitate small infrastructure by working through local governments, rather than working directly with local communities. The two projects also aimed to build the capacity of local governments and communities. Both projects primarily supported rehabilitation, mainly of roads. Other types Show MoreThis Project Performance Assessment Report evaluates two Community Works Projects in Albania that aimed to rehabilitate small infrastructure by working through local governments, rather than working directly with local communities. The two projects also aimed to build the capacity of local governments and communities. Both projects primarily supported rehabilitation, mainly of roads. Other types of infrastructure supported included water supply, sewerage, bridges/footbridges, schools, and social buildings/community centers. Overall, the project Outcome rating of both projects is moderately satisfactory.