Strengthen the Bank Group'spoverty diagnostic work to ensure that it incorporates relevant social and political dimensions of poverty analysis.
The Bank's analytical work on poverty often does not adequately address the important social and political factors that contribute to poverty and impede efforts to reduce it. Robust and independent poverty diagnostics that identify social and political parameters as well as distributional issues, institutional capacity, and excluded communities provide more relevant and actionable policy recommendations.
WB: Agrees. A sizeable number of poverty Advisory and Analytical Activities (AAA), in the past but especially in more recent times, has examined the economic, social and political drivers of poverty reduction and shared prosperity. They have also articulated policy actions that would lead to achieving the goals. Poverty analytic work is an important input into the SCD process. Strengthening the social and political aspects of poverty diagnostics is also an intent of the Poverty and Social Impact Analysis (PSIA) work which focuses on the implications of policy reforms. This is now also being addressed by the Poverty Global Practice through its Global Solutions Areas - particularly the Fiscal and Social Policies and Markets and Institutions for Poverty Reduction and Shared Prosperity.
Action 4: Guidance and supporting resources developed to incorporate social and institutional analysis to identify the drivers of poverty and shared prosperity in SCDs.
Indicators: Percent of countries with social and institutional analysis of drivers of poverty reduction and inclusion in SCDs (or similar country reports focused on twin goals).
Baseline: t.b.d. (FY16)
Target: 100%of SCDs for which concept notes were approved in FY17-FY19.
After reviewing the management response and the supporting material, IEG agrees with management that a number of quality resources have been produced to support the social and institutional analysis of drivers of poverty reduction and inclusion in SCDs. There appears to be richer material referring to social inclusion than poverty reduction analysis, though. As management recognizes, it is still not possible to provide a baseline of the indicator. With respect to social inclusion, Das' analysis of 17 SCDs (carried out in 2016) reveals that, while all 17 SCDs identify exclusion along at least one identity group and the domains in which exclusion occurs, few SCDs address the practices through which exclusion occurs and very few drill down to why some groups fare worse than others (drivers of exclusion) (Das, p. 14 and p. 23).
Das, M. B (2016), Social Inclusion in Macro-Level Diagnostics: Reflecting on the World Bank Groupï¾s Early Systematic Country Diagnostics, Policy Research Working Paper 7713
**see full update attached**
The role of social and institutional analysis to identify the drivers of poverty and shared prosperity in SCD is articulated in the Interim Guidelines for SCD as a part of overall guidance. More details on how such analysis fits into an SCD's analytical framework are provided in the main technical resource document, titled "Analytical approaches for a Systematic Country Diagnostic (SCD)". These are prominently available at the SCD Resource Center, WBG's internal website for SCDs, which has high visibility and use among WBG staff particularly SCD teams and CMUs. Numerous presentations and training sessions (online and in-person) have been conducted for many different audiences in the Bank and IFC using these materials. The main presentation on the website summarizes these materials
A more detailed technical note on social analysis, a resource guide for staff titled "Incorporating Social Inclusion Analysis into Systematic Country Diagnostics", is available at the SCD Resource Center. An additional resource, a review of social analysis in the first batch of 17 SCDs, titled "Social Inclusion in macro-level diagnostics : reflecting on the World Bank Group's early systematic country diagnostics", has been published as a WB Working Paper. These materials have been used at a number of training sessions and other events for WBG staff. The two documents are attached.
Similar technical note or resource guide on governance and institutional analysis in SCDs is not available yet and is expected to be developed in FY17.
The Interim Guidelines and thematic notes are supported by an inventory of relevant analytical tools, methods and data sources on all key topics. Resources relevant for social and institutional analysis are found primarily under the categories "data tools and databases", "Social Development", and "Governance ; Civic Engagement". The inventory is regularly updated. More resources on institutional analysis will be added as the thematic note on governance and institutional analysis is prepared. The inventory is a part of SCD Resource Center.
A full Guidance Note for SCDs is being prepared, revising the Interim Guidelines that has been in place since February, 2014, which will be replaced by the Guidance Note. The revised Guidance will include more substantive high-level guidance on social and institutional analysis than the Interim Guidelines currently does, which should further strengthen the role of social and institutional analysis in SCDs. The Guidance is expected to be issued in Q2 of FY17.
Baseline for the indicator specified here has not been developed yet, although some progress has been made through the above-mentioned review of social analysis in first 17 SCDs. More complete stocktaking of both social and institutional analysis in SCDs will be done in FY17 to monitor the required indicator.
In FY17, web statistics and feedback from SCD team leaders (collected through an online survey) will be used to monitor the use and relevance of all the resources provided at the SCD Resource Center, including the thematic notes on social and institutional analysis and the inventory of resources. This will provide additional information on the use of these resources among SCD teams as reference materials, which will be taken into account to create additional resources or update/revise existing ones.
To summarize, considerable progress has already been achieved in providing guidance and supporting resources to incorporate social and institutional analysis to identify the drivers of poverty and shared prosperity in SCDs. However progress is rated as moderate (at less than 50% of the action plan), since: (i) more resources, in the form of detailed technical notes and tools and databases, **see full update attached**