The Bank Group should take a stronger lead in strengthening mechanisms for quality and transparency on poverty data, motivate country compliance, and regularly disseminate data.
The Bank plays a leadership role in poverty data standards, support for data collection, and data dissemination. Unlike the IMF, the absence of the mandate to require the collection and dissemination of standardized data on household income and poverty constrains the Bank's ability to achieve the twin goals.
WB: Agrees. The WBG is engaged in strengthening data quality and transparency at various levels. Within countries, the WBG staff provide technical assistance and capacity building and promote open data policies. There are on-going efforts to curate, archive and vet data quality, its dissemination and enhanced availability.
The WB is exploring mechanismsto create standards on data access, quality and timeliness that countries can voluntarily adhere to.
The Bank has been in the forefront of establishing standard setting body for household surveys (a key source of data for poverty related measures), recently endorsed by the UN, that will improve common approaches and adherences to codes of conduct for survey activities undertaken in the Bank's partner countries.
Action 3a: Establishment of Household Survey Working Group (HSWG), reporting to the Development Data Directors (DDD) and Data Council.
Indicator: Working Group on Household Surveys established with representations from several GPS and CCSAs, meeting and reporting regularly to the DDD.
Baseline: No Working Group previously existed to coordinate household survey activities within the WB.
Target: Establishment of the HSWG.
Action 3b: Improvements in adopting best practice methodologies and procedures to conduct and disseminate household surveys being supported by the Bank.
Indicator:Number of countries conducting multi-topic surveys and disseminating the data in line with methodological standards endorsed by the HSWG and share the data as an anonymized public use data set within 12 months following data collection.
Baseline: Lack of integrated knowledge on how poverty data should be collected and disseminated.
Target: At least two thirds of the countries supported by the WB will adopt the methodological standards endorsed by the HSWG and make the micro-data available.
Based on the documentation provided, IEG confirms that Activities under 3A have been completed, while Activities under 3B began implementation. The moderate rating reflects the fact that the number of countries currently supported in the design and implementation of household surveys is increasing but still low, due to the Trust Fund supported activities still being in the early stage of implementation. Improved methodological standards have been adopted and endorsed by the Household Survey Working Group. Moreover, management indicates that 9 countries have received technical advice within and outside the Trust Fund for Statistical Capacity Building program to ensure their surveys are in line with methodological standards endorsed by the HH technical review panel under the Household Survey Working Group. These 9 countries are Djibouti, Zimbabwe, Lesotho, Rwanda, Ghana, Palestine, Tanzania, Nigeria Myanmar. Management expects about 20 more countries in the pipeline over the next 2 FYs. In addition, 13 countries receive funding for data collection under the TFSCB: Chad, Sao Tome and Principe, Sierra Leone, Tanzania, Zimbabwe, Namibia, Myanmar, Vanuatu/Solomon Islands, Armenia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo, Iraq, and the Palestinian Authority. Management indicates that these countries are required to sign grant agreements with the Bank which states that the data collected has to be released within 12 months of data collection; and that the survey data should be disseminated in electronic micro datasets. The TFSCB pilot started in September 2015 and many of the countries started or will start field work in 2016/17. Management expects data releases starting from FY18.
Activities under 3A: Establishment of Household Survey Working Group (HSWG) have been completed. The Household Survey Working Group, reporting to the Development Data Directors (DDD) and Data Council, has been established with representation from all GPs and CCSAs. The HSWG meets approximately once a month and provides regular updates of progress to the DDD. The Household Survey Working Group is now the central hub for coordination of household survey activities within the WBG. As part of the HSWG work program, a WBG Action Plan on Household Surveys and a subsequent Implementation Strategy has been prepared.
Activities under 3B to support countries in the design and implementation of household surveys have begun primarily through funding from the Trust Fund for Statistical Capacity Building. A special window has been created within the TFSCB, through which we are currently supporting 16 surveys and providing technical assistance to 26 countries.