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A Framework for Evaluating Behavior Change in International Development Operations

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This paper on behavior change constitutes one of two methodology papers (the other being on service delivery) that establish a new lens through which to understand the World Bank’s portfolio in IEG evaluations. The paper outlines the economic and psychosocial theories that have led to an array of frameworks for helping policy makers design behaviorally conscious interventions.This paper on behavior change constitutes one of two methodology papers (the other being on service delivery) that establish a new lens through which to understand the World Bank’s portfolio in IEG evaluations. The paper outlines the economic and psychosocial theories that have led to an array of frameworks for helping policy makers design behaviorally conscious interventions.

Introducing a Framework for Evaluating Service Delivery in Sector Evaluations

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This paper serves three purposes. First, it defines service delivery and its key concepts and features as well as provides examples of how the World Bank Group has supported service delivery. The paper does not attempt to describe or track all the initiatives the Bank Group is doing in service delivery. Second, the paper serves a practical purpose within IEG in developing a framework and Show MoreThis paper serves three purposes. First, it defines service delivery and its key concepts and features as well as provides examples of how the World Bank Group has supported service delivery. The paper does not attempt to describe or track all the initiatives the Bank Group is doing in service delivery. Second, the paper serves a practical purpose within IEG in developing a framework and analytical protocol to evaluate service delivery as part of three ongoing sector evaluations in urban transport, water and sanitation, and nutrition. Finally, the paper discusses how to integrate service delivery when designing and implementing other sector evaluations. (IEG Working Paper 2016/No.3)

Microfinance: A Critical Literature Survey

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This paper offers a critical survey of the microfinance literature of the past 10 years. It reviews studies on the effectiveness of different microfinance techniques and offers a critical assessment of the impact literature of microfinance. The literature so far suggests moderate but not transformative effects of microcredit, with effects being conditional on individuals' characteristics. The Show MoreThis paper offers a critical survey of the microfinance literature of the past 10 years. It reviews studies on the effectiveness of different microfinance techniques and offers a critical assessment of the impact literature of microfinance. The literature so far suggests moderate but not transformative effects of microcredit, with effects being conditional on individuals' characteristics. The effects of microsavings interventions seems more promising, while microinsurance interventions suffer mostly from limited take-up. The biggest impact seems to come from expanding payment services. The paper discusses these findings in the broader context of the financial development literature and touches on methodological issues and regulatory challenges.

IEG Insights: Women in Fragile and Conflict-Affected States

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Women in conflict-ridden countries are disproportionately affected. They are actively targeted as a tactic of war to humiliate, terrorize, punish, or displace them. And, as more men die, more women and families are left destitute. Once war ends, restoring society and its socioeconomic health depends on addressing women's hardships and giving them the means to support themselves and their Show MoreWomen in conflict-ridden countries are disproportionately affected. They are actively targeted as a tactic of war to humiliate, terrorize, punish, or displace them. And, as more men die, more women and families are left destitute. Once war ends, restoring society and its socioeconomic health depends on addressing women's hardships and giving them the means to support themselves and their families.

Report on Self-Evaluation Systems: Approach Paper

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Self-evaluation systems are mechanisms for learning and mid-course correction that can help the WBG deliver its strategic goals and become a "Solutions Bank." This is an opportune time to take stock of the World Bank Group's self-evaluation, given the new strategic directions and the strong focus being placed on results, learning, and innovation. This evaluation will review the World Bank Group's Show MoreSelf-evaluation systems are mechanisms for learning and mid-course correction that can help the WBG deliver its strategic goals and become a "Solutions Bank." This is an opportune time to take stock of the World Bank Group's self-evaluation, given the new strategic directions and the strong focus being placed on results, learning, and innovation. This evaluation will review the World Bank Group's self-evaluation systems against the objectives of the system and good practice standards and benchmarks and recommend improvements where necessary. Focus will be on (a) systems covering investment, knowledge, and advisory services; (b) integrity of the self-evaluation architecture, including achievement of accountability, performance management, and learning objectives; and (c) behaviors, incentives, and organizational norms and practices that shape how self-evaluation information is produced and used. By appraising the WBG's self-evaluation systems, IEG intends to enhance operational and organizational effectiveness and building a learning culture in support of the Solutions Bank.

World Bank Lending for Financial Inclusion: Lessons from Reviews of Select Projects (working paper)

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Working paper--background for Financial Inclusion macro evaluation.The purpose of the paper is to present a more granular view of such projects through the in-depth focus on a limited number of case studies, with a view to understanding what factors in the design of such lending have helped achieve objectives of expanded access, and what forms of interventions may have been less successful. It Show MoreWorking paper--background for Financial Inclusion macro evaluation.The purpose of the paper is to present a more granular view of such projects through the in-depth focus on a limited number of case studies, with a view to understanding what factors in the design of such lending have helped achieve objectives of expanded access, and what forms of interventions may have been less successful. It examines the nature of Bank lending vehicles, the partnering borrower institutions, the country environments in which its loans were extended, as well as broader elements of good practice that make for loan success. It examines the beneficiaries targeted and results achieved. It aims to draws lessons that suggest what factors could lead to success or failure in Bank operations focused on financial access.

Concept Note For an IEG Complex Learning Product on Environmental and Social Risk Mitigation in DPOs

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Development policy lending differs markedly from investment lending. The two instruments diverge in terms of what is supported by the loan, how development impact is intended to be achieved, the mechanism for disbursement of funds, and many of the specific requirements that govern the design and implementation of operations. Those requirements include approaches to addressing potential Show MoreDevelopment policy lending differs markedly from investment lending. The two instruments diverge in terms of what is supported by the loan, how development impact is intended to be achieved, the mechanism for disbursement of funds, and many of the specific requirements that govern the design and implementation of operations. Those requirements include approaches to addressing potential environmental and social effects. Development policy lending is governed by a separate Bank Operational Policy (OP 8.60),1 which describes it as "rapidly disbursing policy-based financing, which the Bank provides in the form of loans or grants to help a borrower address actual or anticipated development financing requirements that have domestic or external origins." The World Bank internal processing of Development Policy Operations (DPOs) also differs from that of Investment Project Financing (IPF).

Getting to Poverty: Lessons from the World Bank's Record on Supporting Poverty Reduction in Country Programs

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The evaluation addresses the extent to which World Bank Group support is geared to the challenges of, and opportunities for, poverty reduction. It will explore the process by which the Bank focused its programs on poverty reduction in Country Assistance Strategies (CAS) and Country Partnership Strategies (CPS). The evaluation will cover the period of fiscal years 2004 to 2012. Key findings Show MoreThe evaluation addresses the extent to which World Bank Group support is geared to the challenges of, and opportunities for, poverty reduction. It will explore the process by which the Bank focused its programs on poverty reduction in Country Assistance Strategies (CAS) and Country Partnership Strategies (CPS). The evaluation will cover the period of fiscal years 2004 to 2012. Key findings will (a) provide a baseline for data availability, and basic standards for analytical work and the monitoring and evaluation (M&E) framework for use in future evaluations; (b) inform the design of analytical and strategic frameworks, particularly, the systematic country diagnostics (SCDs) that are being prepared under the Bank's Change Agenda; (c) identify good practices that, through evaluative evidence, can be replicated or scaled up, as well as obstacles that inhibited the Bank from fully supporting clients' poverty reduction goals; and (d) help sharpen the effectiveness of country programs with a view to the post-2015 Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) agenda.

World Bank Group Assistance to Low-Income Fragile and Conflict-Affected States

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he World Bank Group has identified support to fragile and conflict-affected states (FCS) as a strategic priority, critical to achieving its mission of poverty alleviation and shared prosperity. Progress is evident in several areas, but Bank Group engagement in FCS is clearly a long-term agenda with several challenges and constraints yet to be overcome. This review of International Development Show Morehe World Bank Group has identified support to fragile and conflict-affected states (FCS) as a strategic priority, critical to achieving its mission of poverty alleviation and shared prosperity. Progress is evident in several areas, but Bank Group engagement in FCS is clearly a long-term agenda with several challenges and constraints yet to be overcome. This review of International Development Association  countries establishes that the World Bank’s portfolio performance in low-income FCS has improved since 2001 compared to low-income countries that are not fragile.

The Government Monitoring and Evaluation System in India: A Work in Progress (ECD Working Paper Series #28)

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A surge in public expenditure driven by economic growth has occurred in India,which in turn has resulted in a growing demand for monitoring and evaluation (M&E) and performance management from government, program implementers, international donor organizations, and civil society at large. In the light of these imperatives, the Indian government has taken initiatives to improve the monitoring Show MoreA surge in public expenditure driven by economic growth has occurred in India,which in turn has resulted in a growing demand for monitoring and evaluation (M&E) and performance management from government, program implementers, international donor organizations, and civil society at large. In the light of these imperatives, the Indian government has taken initiatives to improve the monitoring and evaluation environment. This paper discusses the evolution of India's approach to monitoring and evaluation of government programs.