Managing Forest Resources for Sustainable Development

An Evaluation of World Bank Group Experience

[Français] A decade ago, the World Bank Group shifted its approach in the forest sector by putting poverty alleviation and sustainable economic development on equal footing with conservation. It was a bold move given the risks and trade-offs involved in balancing these three aims.  A decade into its implementation IEG evaluated the progress made and results of this approach. The evaluation involved a review of the Bank Group strategy and the complete portfolio of nearly 350 operations during the decade. Field-based case studies were conducted in Brazil, Chile, China, the Democratic Republic of Congo, India, Indonesia, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Liberia, Mexico, Peru, the Russian Federation, South Sudan, Uruguay and a desk study of small island states. Extensive interviews were carried out through various forums. A literature review complemented and informed the analysis and the desk and field studies, including IEG’s 2000 Forest Evaluation and the World Bank’s Mid-Term Review of Implementation.