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Topic:Health, Nutrition, & Population
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The World Bank’s Early Support to Addressing COVID-19

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Colorful South African fabric face masks for Covid-19 protection hanging out to dry on a clothesline. Photo: Kelly Ermis/Shutterstock
The first of two reports focused on the early response to the Coronavirus (COVID-19), this evaluation assesses how well the World Bank responded to the immediate health threat and how well it focused on protecting vulnerable groups against human capital losses, while a parallel IEG evaluation looks at the World Bank Group support to address the economic implications of the pandemic. The first of two reports focused on the early response to the Coronavirus (COVID-19), this evaluation assesses how well the World Bank responded to the immediate health threat and how well it focused on protecting vulnerable groups against human capital losses, while a parallel IEG evaluation looks at the World Bank Group support to address the economic implications of the pandemic.

Evaluation of World Bank Group Support to Creating an Enabling Environment for Private Sector Participation in Climate Action, Fiscal Years 2013–22 (Approach Paper)

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The objective of the evaluation is to derive lessons from Bank Group experience in improving the enabling environment for private sector participation in climate action. The evaluation will assess the relevance and effectiveness of Bank Group support to enabling private sector participation in climate action, including the drivers that led to positive results. It aims to identify lessons Show MoreThe objective of the evaluation is to derive lessons from Bank Group experience in improving the enabling environment for private sector participation in climate action. The evaluation will assess the relevance and effectiveness of Bank Group support to enabling private sector participation in climate action, including the drivers that led to positive results. It aims to identify lessons applicable to the World Bank, IFC, and the Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA) by obtaining evidence-based findings on what works, why, and for whom. Such lessons can inform the implementation of the Climate Change Action Plan (CCAP) 2021 and subsequent Bank Group activities. The focus on the enabling environment has been chosen because researchers, policy makers, and climate action practitioners realized that creating an enabling environment is a key priority for the private sector to engage in climate action. The need to enhance the enabling environment for private sector participation in climate action is critical to meet the trillions in investments needed to address climate change and achieve Paris Agreement goals.

Tanzania Country Program Evaluation (Approach Paper)

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The Country Program Evaluation (CPE) for Tanzania assesses the World Bank Group’s effectiveness and relevance in its work to help Tanzania address its key development challenges. The CPE will encompass two Bank Group strategy periods covering fiscal years (FY)12–16 and FY18–22. The evaluation aims to inform the next Bank Group Country Partnership Framework for Tanzania.The Country Program Evaluation (CPE) for Tanzania assesses the World Bank Group’s effectiveness and relevance in its work to help Tanzania address its key development challenges. The CPE will encompass two Bank Group strategy periods covering fiscal years (FY)12–16 and FY18–22. The evaluation aims to inform the next Bank Group Country Partnership Framework for Tanzania.

Ecuador Country Program Evaluation (Approach Paper)

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The Country Program Evaluation (CPE) for Ecuador seeks to assess the performance of the World Bank Group in helping Ecuador address its main development challenges. The objective of this CPE is to assess how the Bank Group supported Ecuador in addressing key challenges that constrained its development and how that support adapted over time to respond to changing circumstances, an evolving Show MoreThe Country Program Evaluation (CPE) for Ecuador seeks to assess the performance of the World Bank Group in helping Ecuador address its main development challenges. The objective of this CPE is to assess how the Bank Group supported Ecuador in addressing key challenges that constrained its development and how that support adapted over time to respond to changing circumstances, an evolving relationship, and lessons from experience. The evaluation will cover the period FY07–22. The time period is selected to include the earliest efforts at normalizing relations after the break in July 2007. Because this was such a pivotal aspect of the World Bank’s support to Ecuador over the past decade, the CPE considers a somewhat expanded time period.

Malawi: Nutrition and HIV/AIDS Project (PPAR)

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This report focuses on lessons learned from the International Development Association’s (IDA) support to maternal and child health and nutrition under the Malawi Nutrition and HIV/AIDS Project. At the time of project approval, Malawi had made substantial gains in reducing the prevalence of underweight children. However, chronic undernutrition remained high—47 percent of Malawi’s children under Show MoreThis report focuses on lessons learned from the International Development Association’s (IDA) support to maternal and child health and nutrition under the Malawi Nutrition and HIV/AIDS Project. At the time of project approval, Malawi had made substantial gains in reducing the prevalence of underweight children. However, chronic undernutrition remained high—47 percent of Malawi’s children under the age of five were stunted, exceeding the Sub-Saharan Africa average of 40 percent. The underlying causes of malnutrition included poverty, nutrition-deficient household behaviors, inadequate food preparation, and care practices. The government of Malawi’s response to chronic high malnutrition rates began in 2004, when it created the Department of Nutrition, HIV and AIDS (DNHA) and implemented a nutrition policy. The Nutrition and HIV/AIDS Project (the project) was approved in 2012 and financed through an International Development Association credit ($32 million) and an International Development Association grant ($26 million). The project development objective was “to increase access to and utilization of selected services known to contribute to the reduction of stunted growth, maternal and child anemia, and the prevention of HIV and AIDS in children and sexually active adults.” Ratings for the Nutrition and HIV/AIDS Project are as follows: Outcome was moderately unsatisfactory, Overall efficacy was modest, Bank performance was moderately unsatisfactory, and Quality of monitoring and evaluation were modest/negligible. This assessment offers the following five lessons and recommendations: (i) While the care group model might be a viable option for nutrition communication and potential behavior change, it is critical to focus on the conditions that can make the model successful. (ii) Developing community-based activities at a large scale takes time and continuous support and it is fundamental to adequately estimate the time and resources needed for full implementation. (iii) The care group model requires intensive stakeholder engagement and sensitivity to the social context. (iv) To track output delivery and expected change, the PDO, results framework, and indicators need to be well tailored. (v) Project structures that are sufficiently flexible to adjust to donor and government needs, help implementation and achievement of results In the HIV/AIDS component, the project adeptly responded to shifts in donor funding commitments to ensure efficient deployment of project resources in needed areas.

Comment les changements des comportements nutritionnels se produisent-ils ? Un outil pour vous aider à appliquer les enseignements

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Comment les changements des comportements nutritionnels se produisent-ils ? Un outil pour vous aider à appliquer les enseignements
Une nouvelle brochure aide les utilisateurs à planifier et à suivre les activités de changement des comportements pour améliorer les résultats nutritionnels. Une nouvelle brochure aide les utilisateurs à planifier et à suivre les activités de changement des comportements pour améliorer les résultats nutritionnels.

How Does Nutritional Behavior Change Happen? A Tool to Help You Apply the Lessons

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How Does Nutritional Behavior Change Happen? A Tool to Help You Apply the Lessons
A new booklet helps users plan and track behavior change efforts to improve nutritional outcomes. A new booklet helps users plan and track behavior change efforts to improve nutritional outcomes.

Réduire la sous-nutrition chez l'enfant: les leçons du développement international

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Un événement en parallèle avec Nutrition for GrowthUn événement en parallèle avec Nutrition for Growth

World Bank Support to Reducing Child Undernutrition

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A woman from Bamako, Mali in a colorful dress sitting on the floor in a rural village kitchen, sharing half of an egg with a child in Bamako, Mali.  Photo credit Shutterstock/ By Riccardo Mayer
This evaluation assesses the contribution of the World Bank to improve nutrition in children during 2007-2018 (FY08–FY19). This evaluation assesses the contribution of the World Bank to improve nutrition in children during 2007-2018 (FY08–FY19).

Evaluation of the World Bank Group’s early response in addressing the economic implications of COVID-19 (Approach Paper)

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The purpose of this evaluation is to foster learning and adaptive management to strengthen the Bank Group’s response to the economic dimensions of the COVID-19 crisis: protecting livelihoods. The Economic Implications of COVID-19 evaluation is part of the Independent Evaluation Group’s (IEG) efforts to conduct an early assessment of the Bank Group’s COVID-19 response to influence the design of Show MoreThe purpose of this evaluation is to foster learning and adaptive management to strengthen the Bank Group’s response to the economic dimensions of the COVID-19 crisis: protecting livelihoods. The Economic Implications of COVID-19 evaluation is part of the Independent Evaluation Group’s (IEG) efforts to conduct an early assessment of the Bank Group’s COVID-19 response to influence the design of crisis projects in the pipeline and to prepare for the restructuring and recovery phases of Bank Group support to protect livelihoods. Given that the COVID-19 response is ongoing, this evaluation is meant to be a process and learning evaluation primarily to address areas identified during stakeholder consultations in the Bank Group.