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Bosnia and Herzegovina - Completion and Learning Review of the Country Partnership Framework for Period FY16-FY21 : IEG Review

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Country Program Evaluation - Papua New Guinea: An Evaluation of World Bank Support FY08–22 (Approach Paper)

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This Country Program Evaluation (CPE) will assess the World Bank Group’s engagement in Papua New Guinea between FY08 and FY22. The Papua New Guinea has an abundant resource endowment of oil and mineral wealth, but this wealth has not translated into significant welfare gains for most citizens. Papua New Guinea’s fragmented geography and frequent exposure to disasters caused by natural hazards Show MoreThis Country Program Evaluation (CPE) will assess the World Bank Group’s engagement in Papua New Guinea between FY08 and FY22. The Papua New Guinea has an abundant resource endowment of oil and mineral wealth, but this wealth has not translated into significant welfare gains for most citizens. Papua New Guinea’s fragmented geography and frequent exposure to disasters caused by natural hazards present significant challenges for delivering services to citizens. The evaluation is designed to derive lessons from Bank Group engagement in Papua New Guinea to inform the next Country Partnership Framework (CPF). The CPE will also provide lessons on the implementation of the International Development Association special themes of climate change, gender, and fragility, conflict, and violence and of the cross-cutting issues of debt sustainability and governance and institutions. Lessons may also be of relevance to other resource-rich countries.

Universal Digital Inclusion and Usage (Approach Paper)

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Available, affordable, and accessible digital connectivity can help deliver essential services, such as education and health care, and lead to an increase in economic growth. High levels of digital inclusion also offer increased opportunities for closing the gender gap and youth empowerment, and for community development and environmental sustainability (Woodhouse 2021). Universal access to 4G- Show MoreAvailable, affordable, and accessible digital connectivity can help deliver essential services, such as education and health care, and lead to an increase in economic growth. High levels of digital inclusion also offer increased opportunities for closing the gender gap and youth empowerment, and for community development and environmental sustainability (Woodhouse 2021). Universal access to 4G-equivalent mobile internet, defined as 90 percent penetration of the population of 10 years of age and older (Broadband Commission for Sustainable Development 2019), has become even more important during the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic, when many, traditionally face-to-face, interactions have needed to be moved “online.” Finally, digital access can improve government transparency and accountability, although it can also have negative repercussions on data privacy and cybersecurity since many of the tools that can provide important information, give access to government programs, and enhance law enforcement are the same as those that can be used for restricting freedoms and profiling. The purpose of this evaluation is to assess the Bank Group’s work in ensuring universal digital inclusion and usage through the availability, affordability, and accessibility of digital connectivity and to distill lessons from the Bank Group’s past and ongoing experience in these areas.

Kyrgyz Republic: The First and Second Development Policy Operations and Programmatic Governance and Competitiveness Development Policy Operation

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The World Bank approved two programmatic series of development policy operations (DPOs) from 2013 through 2016 to improve governance and private sector development in the Kyrgyz Republic. The strategic focus of both series’ objectives was highly relevant to the country context: weak governance (which had become evident during Show MoreThe World Bank approved two programmatic series of development policy operations (DPOs) from 2013 through 2016 to improve governance and private sector development in the Kyrgyz Republic. The strategic focus of both series’ objectives was highly relevant to the country context: weak governance (which had become evident during the 2010 revolution) and the need to shift to a private sector–oriented model of development to increase long-term economic growth. Ratings for First and Second Development Policy Operations are as follows: Outcome was moderately unsatisfactory, Risk to development outcome was high, and Bank performance was moderately unsatisfactory. Ratings for the Governance and Competitiveness Development Policy Operation was moderately unsatisfactory for outcome, high for risk to development outcome, and moderately unsatisfactory for Bank performance. The findings of this Project Performance Assessment Report lead to several operationally relevant lessons include: (i) In a high-risk context, DPOs that are more targeted may have a greater chance of success, with implementation supported by complementary interventions (for example, investment projects and advisory services and analytics). (ii) Discussion of risks to the success of budget support operations should reflect the compounding of risks from parallel budget support operations. (iii) Analytics that take a broader view of constraints to achieving DPO objectives (in this case, those related to private sector development) are needed to ensure relevant design; more narrowly targeted analytics help justify specific reforms. (iv) The focus on governance and competitiveness was appropriate but raises questions regarding whether DPOs are the right modality in the Kyrgyz Republic to achieve reforms that frequently are slow to come to fruition.

Confronting the Learning Crisis: Lessons from World Bank Support for Basic Education, 2012–22 (Approach Paper)

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The achievement of learning outcomes has been a long-standing challenge for education systems across the developing world and has significant consequences for economic development. To realize the development aims of education investments, students need to learn, but too many have not, especially in low-income countries. The World Bank has sought to address this learning crisis for more than a Show MoreThe achievement of learning outcomes has been a long-standing challenge for education systems across the developing world and has significant consequences for economic development. To realize the development aims of education investments, students need to learn, but too many have not, especially in low-income countries. The World Bank has sought to address this learning crisis for more than a decade through the pursuit of quality education that enhances learning outcomes. The Independent Evaluation Group’s (IEG) proposed evaluation will assess the extent to which the World Bank’s Education Global Practice (GP) and its predecessor, the Education sector unit, have supported efforts to improve learning outcomes over the past decade (fiscal years [FY]12–22). Based on that experience, the evaluation will assess the effectiveness, relevance, and adequacy of World Bank support to address the learning crisis. It will identify lessons and recommendations to inform the next education sector strategy and further development of the World Bank’s approach to this persistent development challenge and the exacerbation of learning deficits during the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic.

MIGA’s Experience with Non-Honoring of Sovereign, Sub-Sovereign, and State-Owned Enterprise Financial Obligation Guarantees

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Protect losses concept and shielding incoming disaster as an umbrella stopping the domino effect or falling dominos as a business guarantee metaphor as a 3D illustration. Photo Credit: Shutterstock/Lightspring
This meso evaluation provides the first assessment of MIGA’s 10-year experience with its Non-Honoring of Sovereign, Sub-sovereign and State-Owned Enterprises Financial Obligation insurance products and the extent to which they helped MIGA enhance its additionality, development impact, and achieve its strategic objectives.This meso evaluation provides the first assessment of MIGA’s 10-year experience with its Non-Honoring of Sovereign, Sub-sovereign and State-Owned Enterprises Financial Obligation insurance products and the extent to which they helped MIGA enhance its additionality, development impact, and achieve its strategic objectives.

Independent Evaluation Group (IEG) Work Program and Budget (FY23) and Indicative Plan (FY24-25)

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Building on its strong foundation and the reforms undertaken since 2019, IEG will deliver an FY23-25 work program aligned with the strategic priorities of the World Bank Group. These assessments will support the Board in understanding the development effectiveness contributions of WBG policies, programs, and activities and support WBG Management and Staff in learning from past efforts to inform Show MoreBuilding on its strong foundation and the reforms undertaken since 2019, IEG will deliver an FY23-25 work program aligned with the strategic priorities of the World Bank Group. These assessments will support the Board in understanding the development effectiveness contributions of WBG policies, programs, and activities and support WBG Management and Staff in learning from past efforts to inform future directions. In view of the extraordinary circumstance in which the WBG is currently operating, IEG will rebalance its work program to provide evidence to inform both the short-term and longer-term agendas, while aligning with the Board’s and Management’s absorptive capacity. Given the current context of multiple, compounding crises, IEG will deliver evaluations to inform ongoing crises response and rebuilding efforts, and maintain a focus on the long-term development agenda, with continued increased attention to country-level outcomes. Furthermore, IEG will retain flexibility in its work program to respond to evolving priorities with shorter assessments that draw on existing evidence to surface relevant insights.

Serbia - Completion and Learning Review of the Country Partnership Framework for Period FY16-FY20 : IEG Review

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Vietnam : Results-Based Rural Water Supply and Sanitation under the National Target Program

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Ratings for the Results-Based Rural Water Supply and Sanitation under the National Target Program project are as follows: Outcome was highly satisfactory, Bank performance was highly satisfactory, and Quality of monitoring and evaluation was substantial. The RWSS PforR’s experience suggests the following lessons: (i) PforR Show MoreRatings for the Results-Based Rural Water Supply and Sanitation under the National Target Program project are as follows: Outcome was highly satisfactory, Bank performance was highly satisfactory, and Quality of monitoring and evaluation was substantial. The RWSS PforR’s experience suggests the following lessons: (i) PforR design needs to be closely aligned with national policies and regulations, particularly regarding financial management. (ii) PforR design and implementation need to exercise equity and inclusivity in targeting beneficiaries to avoid selection bias against hard-to-reach ethnic and the poorest minorities and to reduce their vulnerability in the long term. (iii) The existence of an enabling environment for private participation could enhance the effectiveness of PforRs.

Uzbekistan - Completion and Learning Review : IEG Review

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