Project Performance Assessment Report for the Mozambique Decentralized Planning and Finance Project
This Project Performance Assessment Report (PPAR) reviews the Mozambique Decentralized Planning and Financing Project (2004 to 2009). Its objective was to improve the institutional performance of Mozambique's District Administrations to plan and manage small infrastructure investments in response... Full Description »
This Project Performance Assessment Report (PPAR) reviews the Mozambique Decentralized Planning and Financing Project (2004 to 2009). Its objective was to improve the institutional performance of Mozambique's District Administrations to plan and manage small infrastructure investments in response to community demands, through (i) improving local government resource management capacity; and (ii) doing so in a participatory and transparent manner. On the first aspect, provincial budget transfers to districts were established, and some financial statements were audited. Annual performance evaluations of implementation of local investment grants found that the target of good or excellent performance was exceeded in many cases. The project helped provide prior conditions for, though did not directly support, a new intergovernmental transfer system for unconditional block grants based on defined criteria, which provided added opportunities for the learning-by-doing approach to capacity development. On the second aspect, the project did well to help set up an institutional framework for transparent district planning and management. This process of community participation within a deconcentrated framework was a politically feasible step towards improved accountability. All districts were covered, with broad representation. Key administrative and fiscal instruments combined with planning and monitoring by District Consultative Councils helped to support transparency and accountability. Evidence showed that citizens were satisfied with the participatory process, and the accountability it provided. One overall issue was the absence of a decentralization policy framework. The overall outcome of the project was Satisfactory. Lessons include, (i) A learning-by-doing approach can be effective for countries at an early stage in the decentralization process, whereby its focus is on solving locally-determined and locally-defined problems, as well as encouraging experimentation and experiential learning, and engaging a broad set of agents so that development efforts are viable, legitimate, relevant and supportable. A well-designed monitoring and evaluation (M&E) framework can help to inform the work of planning and finance units; (ii) In settings without elected subnational authorities, a process of controlled or limited participation within a deconcentrated framework can be politically feasible, and help to ensure accountability and efficient use of resources; and (iii) While managing small scale, public infrastructure investments is useful for building subnational administrative capacity, managing lines of credit that are poorly regulated and vulnerable to manipulation, can weaken legitimacy and good will built up through participatory processes.
Content Type : Reports , Doc Sub Category : Project Performance Assessment Report , Country : Mozambique
February 18, 2014