Project Performance Assessment Report for the China Second Tianjin Urban Development and Environment Project and the China Chongqing Small Cities Infrastructure Improvement Project
This Project Performance Assessment Report assesses two urban development projects in China, the Second Tianjin Urban Development and Environment Project (2003 to 2012) and the Chongqing Small Cities Infrastructure Improvement Project (2005 to 2012). Notably, findings from this report will inform... Full Description »
This Project Performance Assessment Report assesses two urban development projects in China, the Second Tianjin Urban Development and Environment Project (2003 to 2012) and the Chongqing Small Cities Infrastructure Improvement Project (2005 to 2012). Notably, findings from this report will inform IEG’s upcoming evaluation of Bank Group performance on poverty reduction, specifically on tackling urban poverty. The unprecedented scale of urbanization in China and the accompanying increasing demands for urban services form the backdrop to this evaluation. Tianjin and Chongqing have the status of provinces, but are administered directly by the central government. Both operations sought to address the key question of how to improve urban services for a rapidly growing population. The Tianjin-II project’s objective set out to assist Tianjin in enhancing the efficiency and equity of wastewater management and transportation system aimed at Tianjin’s sustainable development; however, the concepts of efficiency and equity were undefined. The overall outcome of the project is rated Moderately Unsatisfactory. The Chongqing Small Cities Infrastructure Improvement Project objective was to support emerging small cities to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of infrastructure service delivery, to accommodate rapid urban growth. The overall outcome of the project is rated Moderately Satisfactory. Common lessons from both projects include, (i) Great care is needed in project preparation and appraisal to ensure that all proposed interventions are feasible. In the case of the Tianjin-II project, some originally designed components and activities were cancelled or modified because the feasibility studies showed that these activities were not feasible. The changes led to project restructuring and implementation delays. (ii) A well-phrased and clearly defined project development objective (PDO) statement and a comprehensive Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) framework is a key step towards a results-focused Bank operation. Both the Tianjin-II and Chongqing Small Cities projects face similar challenges of PDOs that are not clearly defined and non-comprehensive M&E frameworks, making it difficult to monitor and assess the project implementation progress towards achieving the development objectives. IEG’s interaction with task team leaders across the Bank suggests that phrasing an accurate and relevant PDO appears to be a common challenge. (iii) By continuing to tailor its services and instruments to the more localized needs and capacity of the Borrower, the Bank can maintain the effectiveness of its support. The interaction with local officers in Tianjin and Chongqing suggested that there is still strong demand for the Bank’s support in urban development in China. However, in more developed urban areas like Tianjin, demand is mainly for the Bank’s innovation and knowledge rather than the Bank’s financing. For less developed urban areas like the secondary cities in Chongqing, the Bank’s financing and project management experiences with special attention to environment and vulnerable groups, are very much appreciated. (iv) While the Bank’s engagement has supported the development in China, its prolonged internal decision-making processes may decrease its competitiveness in helping address fast-paced changes. In the case of Tianjin-II, the project implementation often could not keep up with local development, resulting in the cancelation of project activities. Such an experience is quite common across the Bank’s projects in China. Inefficiency on the Bank side is often cited by both parties as the main reason. The client suggested that the Bank could become more efficient through simplifying procedures and granting more authority to Bank task team leaders, who could make more timely decisions to accelerate project implementation.
Content Type : Reports , Doc Sub Category : Project Performance Assessment Report , Country : China
June 23, 2014
Latin America and Caribbean - Planning for Adaption to Global Climate Change Project and Mainstreaming Adaption to Climate Change Project (PPAR)
This is a Project Performance Assessment Report (PPAR) for the Caribbean Planning for Adaptation to Global Climate Change Project and Mainstreaming Adaptation to Climate Change Project, representing the first two stages of a three-stage series of climate change adaptation projects in the Caribbean... Full Description »
This is a Project Performance Assessment Report (PPAR) for the Caribbean Planning for Adaptation to Global Climate Change Project and Mainstreaming Adaptation to Climate Change Project, representing the first two stages of a three-stage series of climate change adaptation projects in the Caribbean region financed by Global Environment Facility (GEF) grants. The objective of the $6.2 million Planning for Adaptation Project was to "support Caribbean countries in preparing to cope with the adverse effects of global climate change, particularly sea level rise, in coastal and marine areas through vulnerability assessments, adaptation planning, and capacity building linked to adaptation planning." IEG rated the Outcome of the project as moderately unsatisfactory. The Risk to Development Outcome is significant due primarily to inadequate resources and country ownership to maintain the sea level rise monitoring stations and the inability of the project to establish a stable and competent regional entity to carry out the critical data collection and mobilization functions. The objective of the Mainstreaming Adaptation Project (US $10.55 million) was to "facilitate the creation of an enabling environment for climate change adaptation in CARICOM small island and coastal developing states." IEG rated the Outcome of the Project as moderately unsatisfactory. The objectives remained highly relevant to the development needs of the region and were consistent with the Bank's assistance strategies over the past 15 years. The Risk to Development Outcome was rated as moderate.
Content Type : Reports , Doc Sub Category : Project Performance Assessment Report , Country : Caribbean
January 31, 2012