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Making Water and Sanitation Services More Sustainable - 3 Lessons from Zambia

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A water kiosk in Chipata
This brief captures the lessons from evaluating the World Bank’s Zambia Water Sector Performance Improvement Project (2006-2010). This brief captures the lessons from evaluating the World Bank’s Zambia Water Sector Performance Improvement Project (2006-2010).

Building Resilience through Disaster Risk Management – 3 Lessons from Colombia

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Colombian family whose home floods every year creating hazardous living conditions.
This brief captures the lessons learned from evaluating the World Bank’s Bank’s Colombia Disaster Risk Management Development Policy Loan.This brief captures the lessons learned from evaluating the World Bank’s Bank’s Colombia Disaster Risk Management Development Policy Loan.

Conversations: Is Off-Grid Electrification the Key to Sustainable Energy for All?

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Conversations: Is Off-Grid Electrification the Key to Sustainable Energy for All?
Highlights of an expert discussion about the commercial viability and potential of off-grid technologies.Highlights of an expert discussion about the commercial viability and potential of off-grid technologies.

Technology and Evaluation: The Evaluator’s Perspective

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Technology and Evaluation: The Evaluator’s Perspective
A reflection on the exponential growth of opportunities to collect, analyze, and visualize data provided by the evolution of information and communications technology (ICT).A reflection on the exponential growth of opportunities to collect, analyze, and visualize data provided by the evolution of information and communications technology (ICT).

Technology and Evaluation - Man versus Machine?

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ICT and Evaluation -  Man versus Machine?
The first in a series of reflections on the information and communication technology (ICT) revolution and how it will impact evaluation in the not-so-distant future.The first in a series of reflections on the information and communication technology (ICT) revolution and how it will impact evaluation in the not-so-distant future.

Conversations: Are multilateral development banks still relevant today?

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Conversations: Are multilateral development banks still relevant today?
Leaders from the major multilateral development banks, gathered in Rome for the Spring Meetings of the Evaluation Cooperation Group, discussed the future and relevance of multilateral development banks (MDBs).Leaders from the major multilateral development banks, gathered in Rome for the Spring Meetings of the Evaluation Cooperation Group, discussed the future and relevance of multilateral development banks (MDBs).

Moldova CLR Review FY14-17

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Moldova is a small, lower-middle income economy with a GNI per capita of $2,240 in 2015 (a decline from 2014). In 2015, the economy suffered from an adverse external environment, a summer drought, and a banking crisis, but IMF reports that the economy expanded by 4.1 percent in 2016. After 1999, the country has had a high economic growth and significant progress in reducing poverty and boosting Show MoreMoldova is a small, lower-middle income economy with a GNI per capita of $2,240 in 2015 (a decline from 2014). In 2015, the economy suffered from an adverse external environment, a summer drought, and a banking crisis, but IMF reports that the economy expanded by 4.1 percent in 2016. After 1999, the country has had a high economic growth and significant progress in reducing poverty and boosting shared prosperity, with 4.8 percent growth in consumption among the bottom 40 percent in 2009-14, compared with 1.3 percent for the entire population. The 2016 Systematic Country Diagnostic (SCD) notes that the national poverty rate shrank from 26 percent in 2007 to 11 percent in 2014. The poverty reduction in Moldova has been driven largely by remittances and pensions. The country ranked 107 out of 188 countries on the 2015 Human Development Index, representing a very modest improvement from 2010. Moldova’s ranking on the Worldwide Governance Indicators (WGI) declined significantly on Control of Corruption (from around 29 in 2011 to 17 in 2015). IEG ratings are as follows: development outcome was moderately unsatisfactory, and World Bank Group (WBG) performance was fair. Two main lessons from this review: First, that caution is called for in moving rapidly to focus on budget support and results based operations under circumstances where there is concern about the quality of systems and controls in financial management and procurement. Second, that results frameworks would need to be designed with outcome indicators that clearly measure the achievement of the stated objectives, taking into account country context and WBG interventions.

Third Party Monitoring in Volatile Environments - Do the Benefits Outweigh the Risks?

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Third Party Monitoring in Volatile Environments – Do the Benefits Outweigh the Risks?
The use of third party monitoring as a risk management tool in volatile countries raises important quality, ethical, and technical issues.The use of third party monitoring as a risk management tool in volatile countries raises important quality, ethical, and technical issues.

How to Tackle Global Fragility and Violence - Focus on Middle-Income Countries

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How to Tackle Global Fragility and Violence – Focus on Middle-Income Countries
When looking at fragility and conflict in a middle-income setting, the main drivers and dynamics can often be very different than in low-income countries. When looking at fragility and conflict in a middle-income setting, the main drivers and dynamics can often be very different than in low-income countries.

Argentina: GEF Sustainable Transport and Air Quality Program (PPAR)

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The $3.99 million Argentina Global Environment Facility (GEF) Sustainable Transport and Air Quality Program (the GEF Project or the project) was approved on November 4, 2008. The project objectives were to assist beneficiary cities in: (i) reducing the rate of greenhouse gas emissions by increasing the use of less energy-intensive and cleaner modes of transport; and ii) inducing policy changes in Show MoreThe $3.99 million Argentina Global Environment Facility (GEF) Sustainable Transport and Air Quality Program (the GEF Project or the project) was approved on November 4, 2008. The project objectives were to assist beneficiary cities in: (i) reducing the rate of greenhouse gas emissions by increasing the use of less energy-intensive and cleaner modes of transport; and ii) inducing policy changes in favor of sustainable transport policies. Ratings for GEF Sustainable Transport and Air Quality Program were as follows: outcome was moderately unsatisfactory, risk to development outcome was negligible to low, Bank performance was moderately satisfactory, and Borrow performance was moderately unsatisfactory. Lessons include: (i) Broad and ambitious long-term objectives can result in implementation and efficacy challenges when the scope and timeframe of the project are limited. (ii) When selecting project implementation arrangements, whether centralized at the national level or decentralized, the World Bank should assess local capacity issues with care and realism. (iii) The rationale for linking the implementation of GEF projects with that of larger urban transport operations needs to be assessed on an individual project basis. (iv) While overall funding under GEF operations is often limited, GEF projects can promote innovative sustainable transport policy initiatives.