IEG's goal is to help the World Bank Group improve it's work and the lives of those in the developing world. To acheive this, IEG evaluates World Bank Group projects across a variety of issues. The following is a list of some of IEG's resources, organized by topic. Additional topic pages are forthcoming.


Agriculture and Agribusiness

In recent years, IEG has undertaken a series of evaluations of World Bank Group’s support to agriculture, rural development and agribusiness and other relevant fields such as rural finance, land redistribution, safeguards and sustainability policies, and competitive grant schemes. These evaluations aim to provide an opportunity for the institution to learn from the past experiences and to inform emerging strategies and programs.


A stable and effective government is crucial to economic development success. The World Bank Group has supported governance and anticorruption efforts for two decades.  Good governance programs can be found in almost every country where the Bank has operations. Bank Group programs have focused on helping countries develop accountable and effective states in terms of financial management, service delivery, investment climate, and accountability systems.

Climate Change

Climate and development are interrelated. Development has historically increased the emissions of greenhouse gases (GHG) which in turn affects climate change. A one percent increase in income induces an average of a 1 percent increase in GHG emissions. Carefully planning the growth of developing countries is critical to avoiding further emissions and to maintaining sustainable growth.

Crisis Response

In a global economy, the performance of one country can greatly affect the performance of the world markets. Managing economic crises are critical to the World Bank’s mandate of reducing poverty in developing countries. The recent global financial crisis which began in mid-2008 in the financial sector of developed countries quickly spread to developing countries, especially those most connected to the global economy through trade, investment, and worker remittances. The global economic crisis eroded the gains in living standards achieved in the developing world over the past 10 years. Bank estimates indicate that the crisis left an additional 50 million people in extreme poverty in 2009 and was expected to rise to 64 million by the end of 2010. If growth is slow during the recovery period, by 2020 there will be 826 million people living in extreme poverty in the developing world.

Environment and Natural Resources

Environmental concerns such as pollution and climate change affect everyone. But the poorest countries have the most to lose: they are affected the most by environmental destruction and climate change and have the fewest resources to adapt. Therefore, addressing environmental degradation and ensuring environmental sustainability will greatly affect the World Bank Group’s mandate to reduce poverty and improve lives.


Since 1994, the World Bank has recognized the important role that gender equality plays in reducing poverty levels. Studies have demonstrated that improving women’s health, education, and empowerment in the family improves a country’s economic and social development.  As a result, in 1994 the Bank began instituting policies to address gender issues in its projects.  An added bonus of integrating social themes in development projects is that it also improves project success.

Information and Communication Technologies (ICT)

Information and communications technology (ICT) can be a great tool for development. Advances in the use of technology can improve economic opportunities for the poor, increase delivery of services to the underserved, improve governance, and benefit social change. World Bank Group strategies in ICT have focused on promoting reform, increasing access, supporting ICT human capacity, and supporting ICT applications. But access and use of the Internet and broadband is still much lower in poorer countries.

Poverty Reduction

Approximately 1.4 billion people in the world today live in extreme poverty—they survive on less than $1.25 a day. The overarching goal of the World Bank Group is to reduce poverty in developing countries. Bank Group activities focus on expanding economic opportunities, enhancing human development, mitigating socioeconomic and environmental risks, and improving governance and public sector effectiveness.

Private Sector Development

A growing economy is one of the most important factors to reducing poverty. Speed of that growth is and in what sectors it takes place are also important. Two World Bank Group agencies that support economic growth in developing countries through private-sector development are IFC and MIGA.


Transport provides indirect support to poverty reduction. Investment in roads improves agricultural productivity and the quality of education by attracting better teachers to rural areas, and gives poor people better access to markets, jobs, schools, and social and health services. Transport is critical to the productive sectors fulfilling their potential and meeting Millennium Development Goals.


Official Date: 
Thursday, April 18, 2013