Growth and poverty reduction requires sustainable management of natural resources, and mitigation of environmental externalities. In many cases, natural capital is over-exploited, with non-sustainable growth patterns. It is difficult for those affected – poor, diffuse, and without effective voice – to organize for more efficient and equitable resource management. This Strategic Engagement Area will assess how the WBG promotes sustainable patterns of consumption and production, and supports protecting and managing the natural resource base, including sustainable approaches to landscape management, water resources, energy efficiency, and climate change, in line with the twin goals and SDGs