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Report/Evaluation Type:Country-Focused Evaluations
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Cluster Country Program Evaluation on Small States: Pacific Island Countries Program Evaluation (FY05–15 - Volume 2)

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This is the appendix to the evaluation that assesses the Bank Group’s relevance and effectiveness in the PICs as satisfactory. The World Bank made effective use of budgetary, IDA, and trust fund resources to support significant transformational changes in the region, and had a key role in persuading Australia and New Zealand to adopt temporary migration programs that yielded major benefits to Show MoreThis is the appendix to the evaluation that assesses the Bank Group’s relevance and effectiveness in the PICs as satisfactory. The World Bank made effective use of budgetary, IDA, and trust fund resources to support significant transformational changes in the region, and had a key role in persuading Australia and New Zealand to adopt temporary migration programs that yielded major benefits to participating countries. In addition, the World Bank persuaded a number of PICs governments to scale back their departments for infrastructure maintenance and to outsource this maintenance to the private sector. It also increased awareness of the need to build climate resilience into infrastructure design and enabled major improvements in communications through enhanced connectivity. Looking forward, the evaluation emphasizes collaboration between the World Bank and the International Finance Corporation to more effectively support private sector development; increasing the focus on education’s role in providing the skills needed for developing tourism, agriculture, and fisheries; and providing better preparation for temporary and permanent migrants.

Panama: Completion and Learning Review (CLR)

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This review examines the implementation of the FY11-14 Panama Country Partnership Strategy (CPS) and the CPS Progress Report and assesses the Completion and Learning Review. IEG rates the overall outcome of the CPS program as Moderately Satisfactory. IEG rates the World Bank Group performance as Fair, lower than the CLR rating of Good. IEG broadly concurs with the CLR lessons learned and Show MoreThis review examines the implementation of the FY11-14 Panama Country Partnership Strategy (CPS) and the CPS Progress Report and assesses the Completion and Learning Review. IEG rates the overall outcome of the CPS program as Moderately Satisfactory. IEG rates the World Bank Group performance as Fair, lower than the CLR rating of Good. IEG broadly concurs with the CLR lessons learned and highlights two additional points: (1) some CPS objectives were overly ambitious in light of the limited institutional capacity and time frame; (2) the dropped operations in the roads sector suggest that strategic selectivity would be enhanced through better coordination with development partners at the design stage.

Zambia, Country Program Evaluation FY04-13

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This country program evaluation (CPE) evaluates World Bank Group operations in Zambia from FY04 through FY13. The Bank Group covers IDA or the Bank, the International Finance Corporation, and the Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency. The period reviewed was covered by two completed country strategies, one for FY04-07 and the other for FY08-11, as well as part of the ongoing Country Show More This country program evaluation (CPE) evaluates World Bank Group operations in Zambia from FY04 through FY13. The Bank Group covers IDA or the Bank, the International Finance Corporation, and the Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency. The period reviewed was covered by two completed country strategies, one for FY04-07 and the other for FY08-11, as well as part of the ongoing Country Partnership Strategy FY13-16. This report is part of the cluster CPE for natural resource-rich developing countries that covers Bolivia, Kazakhstan, and Mongolia in addition to Zambia. The CPEs in this clustered report assess whether the Bank Group assistance supported relevant objectives; the extent to which these objectives were achieved effectively and efficiently; and the institutional development impact and sustainability of the Bank Group's interventions. It will also make recommendations for future Bank Group programs in the four countries reviewed based on lessons of past experience.

Kazakhstan, Country Program Evaluation FY04-13

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This Country Program Evaluation (CPE) evaluates World Bank Group (International Bank for Reconstruction and Development [IBRD], or the Bank, the International Finance Corporation [IFC], and Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency [MIGA]) programs in Kazakhstan from FY04 through FY14. The period reviewed was covered by two country strategies: the 2004 Country Partnership Strategy (CPS) and the Show More This Country Program Evaluation (CPE) evaluates World Bank Group (International Bank for Reconstruction and Development [IBRD], or the Bank, the International Finance Corporation [IFC], and Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency [MIGA]) programs in Kazakhstan from FY04 through FY14. The period reviewed was covered by two country strategies: the 2004 Country Partnership Strategy (CPS) and the ongoing CPS for FY12-17.   This report is part of the clustered CPE for natural resource-rich developing countries that covers four countries: Bolivia, Mongolia, and Zambia, in addition to Kazakhstan. The clustered CPE exploits the learning potential of looking across countries and regions. In addition to each country CPE, the clustered CPE also includes an overarching report that summarizes the experiences and draws broader conclusions and lessons across countries.

Cluster Country Program Evaluation on Small States: Pacific Island Countries Program Evaluation (FY05–15 - Volume 1)

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This evaluation assesses the Bank Group’s relevance and effectiveness in the PICs as satisfactory. The World Bank made effective use of budgetary, IDA, and trust fund resources to support significant transformational changes in the region, and had a key role in persuading Australia and New Zealand to adopt temporary migration programs that yielded major benefits to participating countries. In Show MoreThis evaluation assesses the Bank Group’s relevance and effectiveness in the PICs as satisfactory. The World Bank made effective use of budgetary, IDA, and trust fund resources to support significant transformational changes in the region, and had a key role in persuading Australia and New Zealand to adopt temporary migration programs that yielded major benefits to participating countries. In addition, the World Bank persuaded a number of PICs governments to scale back their departments for infrastructure maintenance and to outsource this maintenance to the private sector. It also increased awareness of the need to build climate resilience into infrastructure design and enabled major improvements in communications through enhanced connectivity. Looking forward, the evaluation emphasizes collaboration between the World Bank and the International Finance Corporation to more effectively support private sector development; increasing the focus on education’s role in providing the skills needed for developing tourism, agriculture, and fisheries; and providing better preparation for temporary and permanent migrants.

Mongolia, Country Program Evaluation FY05-13

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This country program evaluation (CPE) evaluates the World Bank Group's operations in Mongolia from FY05-13, as part of a cluster of country evaluations of resource-rich developing countries, also including Bolivia, Kazakhstan, and Zambia. This country program evaluation (CPE) evaluates the World Bank Group's operations in Mongolia from FY05-13, as part of a cluster of country evaluations of resource-rich developing countries, also including Bolivia, Kazakhstan, and Zambia.

The Plurinational State of Bolivia, Country Program Evaluation FY05-13

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This Country Program Evaluation (CPE) assesses the outcomes of the World Bank Group's operations in Bolivia during the period from FY05 to FY13. It is part of the Clustered CPE for Resource Rich Developing Countries, which includes four standalone CPEs for Bolivia, Kazakhstan, Mongolia, and Zambia and draws lessons across countries in an over-arching report. The Bolivia CPE examines the Show More This Country Program Evaluation (CPE) assesses the outcomes of the World Bank Group's operations in Bolivia during the period from FY05 to FY13. It is part of the Clustered CPE for Resource Rich Developing Countries, which includes four standalone CPEs for Bolivia, Kazakhstan, Mongolia, and Zambia and draws lessons across countries in an over-arching report. The Bolivia CPE examines the relevance and realism of Bank Group objectives in the context of the development constraints facing the country, the extent to which these objectives were achieved effectively and efficiently, and the institutional development impact and ustainability of the Bank Group's interventions.

Pacific Island Countries CLR Review FY11-17

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This is a summary of six CLR reviews covering the World Bank Group (WBG) programs for the Pacific Island Countries (PICs) of Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Samoa, Tonga, and Tuvalu. The summary is based on IEG’s individual country assessments of the completion and learning reviews prepared for each country. During the period under review, each country prepared a stand-alone Country Show MoreThis is a summary of six CLR reviews covering the World Bank Group (WBG) programs for the Pacific Island Countries (PICs) of Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Samoa, Tonga, and Tuvalu. The summary is based on IEG’s individual country assessments of the completion and learning reviews prepared for each country. During the period under review, each country prepared a stand-alone Country Assistance/Partnership Strategy (CAS/CPS), in contrast to previous engagements that were done under an umbrella regional strategy for the Pacific Islands. Except for Tuvalu’s country program, all CPSs were joint programs between the Bank and IFC. The assessments are based on the original CPSs, since no Performance and Learning Reviews (PLRs) were undertaken for any of the countries. These countries have populations ranging from 10,000 (Tuvalu) to over 200,000 (Samoa)— Tuvalu is the smallest WBG member country. They are among the most remote and geographically dispersed countries in the world, and range from low middle income (Kiribati, US$3,390 GNI per capita in current dollars) to upper middle income (Tuvalu, US$6,120 GNI per capita in current dollars). Some of them joined the WBG as recently as 2010 (Tuvalu). The high cost of operating in these small, remote countries, and limited resources from IDA, constrained the World Bank Group to engage with them at the regional level or through multi-country platforms until 2008, when the governments of Australia and New Zealand decided to enter into funding partnerships with the WBG. These partnerships—combined with significant increases in IDA disaster risk management and climate change—gave the WBG the capacity to operate at scale in the Pacific Island Countries. For most of the countries—except Samoa and Tonga—this program was the first direct engagement with the WBG. All programs were financed by IDA and trust-funds, and some of the countries (Marshall Islands, Micronesia, and Tuvalu) had to be granted an exception for small islands to qualify for IDA funds in light of their high per capita income.

Brazil Country Program Evaluation, FY04-11

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During the first decade of the 2000s, Brazil made important achievements in shared prosperity: it achieved fiscal sustainability and economic growth while at the same time reducing poverty and income inequality. Brazil also substantially reduced the rate of deforestation in the Amazon. During the first decade of the 2000s, Brazil made important achievements in shared prosperity: it achieved fiscal sustainability and economic growth while at the same time reducing poverty and income inequality. Brazil also substantially reduced the rate of deforestation in the Amazon.

Republic of Yemen CLR Review FY10 - FY15

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Yemen is one of the poorest and most fragile countries in the world, strategically located in the Arabian Peninsula. Poverty, malnutrition, and unemployment are widespread, and water resources are very scarce. High dependence on hydrocarbon resources exposes the economy to external shocks. Oil production declined sharply starting in 2011 owing to damage from sabotage to oil pipelines and Show MoreYemen is one of the poorest and most fragile countries in the world, strategically located in the Arabian Peninsula. Poverty, malnutrition, and unemployment are widespread, and water resources are very scarce. High dependence on hydrocarbon resources exposes the economy to external shocks. Oil production declined sharply starting in 2011 owing to damage from sabotage to oil pipelines and infrastructure, and the social unrest and sabotage activities affected investment. Private sector activity suffered, public finances and official reserves came under pressure, and inflation surged.