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Tanzania - TZ-Basic Health Services Project (FY12)

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Tanzania - TZ-Water Sector Support SIL

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Tanzania - TZ PRSC-9 (1st in a 3rd series)

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Togo - TG: Economic Recov. & Govern. Credit 6

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Bangladesh - BD: Water Management Improvement Project

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Rwanda - RW: Skills Development Project (FY11)

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Nigeria: National Water Sector Reform Project (PPAR)

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This Project Performance Assessment Report (PPAR) assesses the development effectiveness of the First Nigeria National Urban Sector Reform Project. The project development objectives (PDO) were to increase access to piped water networks in selected urban areas, and improve reliability and financial viability of selected urban water utilities, in Kaduna, Kano, and Ogun States (Development Credit Show MoreThis Project Performance Assessment Report (PPAR) assesses the development effectiveness of the First Nigeria National Urban Sector Reform Project. The project development objectives (PDO) were to increase access to piped water networks in selected urban areas, and improve reliability and financial viability of selected urban water utilities, in Kaduna, Kano, and Ogun States (Development Credit Agreement dated September 2004). The overall development outcome is rated moderately unsatisfactory. Lessons from the project include: (i) In implementing reforms among multiple state and national stakeholders, necessary institutional restructuring and incentive mechanisms should be addressed upfront. (ii) In a federal system, greater and sustained engagement at State executive levels is needed to advance reforms. (iii) Incentives and accountability can help underpin performance improvements. (iv) Reliable and valid monitoring is crucial to improve utility performance and accountability to customers. (v) Prior analytical work helps to formulate a feasible mix of reform and infrastructure investment cycles.

Brazil CLR Review FY12-15

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Brazil is an upper middle-income with a GNI per capita income of $9,990 in 2015. During the review period, Brazil’s annual economic growth declined from 4.1 percent prior to the CPS (2008- 2011) to 0.3 percent during the CPS period (2012-15). This deterioration followed tighter fiscal and monetary conditions during 2010-11 and adverse external trade and financing environments, an Show MoreBrazil is an upper middle-income with a GNI per capita income of $9,990 in 2015. During the review period, Brazil’s annual economic growth declined from 4.1 percent prior to the CPS (2008- 2011) to 0.3 percent during the CPS period (2012-15). This deterioration followed tighter fiscal and monetary conditions during 2010-11 and adverse external trade and financing environments, an unsustainable fiscal stance after 2011, and political instability that undermined investors’ confidence. Reduced growth impacted poverty. Brazil achieved an impressive reduction of extreme poverty rates, from 9.9 percent in 2001 to 2.8 percent in 2014. This reduction was associated with a decline in inequality, from a Gini index of 59.3 in 2001 to 51.4 in 2014. However, as a result of lower growth, poverty increased again in 2015 to about 3.4 percent. The extreme poverty rate in rural areas (9.1 percent in 2013) is higher than in urban areas (3.1 percent in 2013). Brazil’s Human Development Index improved from 0.740 in 2011 to 0.754 in 2014, ranking 79th among 188 countries. Government strategies, most importantly the Growth Acceleration and “Brazil Without Poverty” programs sought to address Brazil’s three key development challenges at the time of CPS preparation. These challenges included the need to accelerate economic growth and strengthen resilience to international shocks; to reduce inequality and offer human development opportunities to all, especially women; and to enhance environmental sustainability and resilience. The CPS was aligned with those strategies and focused on providing support to sub-national governments to help enhance implementation of national policies, while also providing knowledge intensive services at the federal level.

West Bank and Gaza - GZ-Second Land Administration

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Philippines - PH-SUPPORT FOR STRATEGIC LOCAL DEV & INV

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