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Report/Evaluation Type:Project Level Evaluations (PPARs)
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Ukraine - Development of State Statistics System for Monitoring Social and Economic Transformation (devstat) Project (PPAR)

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This Project Performance Assessment Report (PPAR) assesses the Development of State Statistics System for Monitoring Social and Economic Transformation (DEVSTAT) project in Ukraine. This project was one of two pilot projects (along with Burkina Faso) supported under the Statistics Capacity Building Program (STATCAP). DEVSTAT was approved by the World Bank on March 25, 2004. The original closing Show MoreThis Project Performance Assessment Report (PPAR) assesses the Development of State Statistics System for Monitoring Social and Economic Transformation (DEVSTAT) project in Ukraine. This project was one of two pilot projects (along with Burkina Faso) supported under the Statistics Capacity Building Program (STATCAP). DEVSTAT was approved by the World Bank on March 25, 2004. The original closing date of the project, December 31, 2009, was extended three times due to delays in the ratification of the loan agreement, delays in the procurement of advanced information communication technology, and to allow for the national rollout of the integrated statistical data processing system (ISDPS). The project closed on December 31, 2013. Total project cost was estimated to be $37.94 million, of which $32 million would be financed by the World Bank and $5.94 million by borrower contributions. Additional Financing of $10 million was granted in December 2012, at which time the statement of objectives was formally revised. The revised objective aligned the statements of objectives in the loan agreement and the project appraisal document. Actual total cost at project closure was $45.19 million, financed by a loan of $42 million from the World Bank and a contribution of $3.19 million from the borrower. The objective of this project was “to build a sustainable state statistical system, which would efficiently and effectively collect, process, and disseminate accurate, timely, coherent, and trustworthy statistical data concerning the economy and social conditions of the borrower required by the government, business, and society to make informed decisions, and encompassing a comprehensive reform of the State Statistical System of Ukraine, primarily through the modernization of the State Statistical Committee.”

Lao People’s Democratic Republic - Second Education Development Project (PPAR)

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This Project Performance Assessment Report (PPAR) assesses a primary education project in the Lao People’s Democratic Republic, the Second Education Development Project, commonly known as EDP2. This program was financed by the World Bank and the government of Australia. The project was approved in April 2004, and closed in August 2013. The World Bank’s total contribution was $28.2 million. This Show MoreThis Project Performance Assessment Report (PPAR) assesses a primary education project in the Lao People’s Democratic Republic, the Second Education Development Project, commonly known as EDP2. This program was financed by the World Bank and the government of Australia. The project was approved in April 2004, and closed in August 2013. The World Bank’s total contribution was $28.2 million. This report was prepared by Erik Bloom, Senior Economist, IEG and Inthansone Phetsering, consultant. The findings are based on an extensive review of the literature, project reports, and a field visit, December 4–18, 2016. This mission included a field visit to Oudamxay province. The mission talked to current and retired staff involved in the project’s implementation in the Ministry of Education and Sports and with staff from the World Bank and the government of Australia. The mission also met with education officials at the province and district levels in Oudamxay province. The mission also visited five remote schools in two districts. As much as possible, the PPAR cites publically available documents, and when appropriate, it refers to interviews and internal documents. The project’s credit agreement states the project’s development objective as: To assist the Borrower to achieve universal completion of primary education by implementing the education policies and reform actions set forth in its Letter of Education Policy, including increasing access to, and the completion of, primary school in the project provinces, improving the quality of access to, and the completion of, primary school in the project provinces, improving the quality of education, and building the policy development and management capacity of its Ministry of Education.

Argentina: Buenos Aires Urban Transport Project (Project Performance Assessment Report)

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This Project Performance Assessment Report (PPAR) assesses the development effectiveness of the Buenos Aires Urban Transport Project in Argentina. The project’s objectives were to support joint private sector–public sector initiatives to improve the service quality and coverage of mass transit in metropolitan Buenos Aires; support the implementation of the infrastructure improvement obligations Show MoreThis Project Performance Assessment Report (PPAR) assesses the development effectiveness of the Buenos Aires Urban Transport Project in Argentina. The project’s objectives were to support joint private sector–public sector initiatives to improve the service quality and coverage of mass transit in metropolitan Buenos Aires; support the implementation of the infrastructure improvement obligations assumed by private concessionaires regarding the metropolitan Buenos Aires passenger rail system; assist in improving traffic safety and urban transport–related environmental quality in metropolitan Buenos Aires; and contribute toward the development of an integrated urban transport (road and rail) system for metropolitan Buenos Aires, and later, to assist in developing integrated urban transport strategies in metropolitan areas in Argentina, including Cordoba, Mendoza, Posadas, Rosario, and Tucuman. Ratings for the Buenos Aires Urban Transport Project in Argentina were as follows: outcome was moderately satisfactory, the risk to development outcome was significant, the Bank performance was moderately satisfactory, and the Borrower performance was moderately satisfactory. Some lessons learned included: (i) Private sector participation cannot achieve efficiency gains if incentives are misaligned. (ii) The creation of new institutions brings long-term gains and benefits when voluntary association and political will are present, as international experience also shows. (iii) Potential fiduciary problems are difficult to detect, which emphasizes the critical importance of training project staff.

Arab Republic of Egypt: Second Pollution Abatement Project (Project Performance Assessment Report)

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Egypt’s rapid population growth (from 36 million in 1973 to 91.5 million in 2015), combined with its economic development and industrialization policies and weak environmental management, have resulted in widespread and severe pollution of Egypt’s critical air, water, and soil resources. In recent decades, the government of Egypt has increasingly attempted to address the pollution threats to Show MoreEgypt’s rapid population growth (from 36 million in 1973 to 91.5 million in 2015), combined with its economic development and industrialization policies and weak environmental management, have resulted in widespread and severe pollution of Egypt’s critical air, water, and soil resources. In recent decades, the government of Egypt has increasingly attempted to address the pollution threats to its public health and environmental conditions, seeking support for its efforts from international financing institutions and bilateral donors. Ratings for the Second Pollution Abatement Project in Egypt were as follows: Outcome was satisfactory, risk to development was significant, Bank performance was moderately satisfactory, and Borrower performance was satisfactory. Lessons from the report included: (i) Though the use of concessionary financing can be effective in triggering private investments in pollution abatement, operations that rely on donor funding for such financing risk not being scaled up to the point where they can have a major impact on desired pollution outcomes, because of the inherent limitations on the availability of donor funding. (ii) The “carrot and stick” approach employed by the EPAP II model suggests that the appropriate use of financial incentives (concessionary financing) backed by potential administrative/legal threats (environmental enforcement actions) can promote industrial compliance in a country where enforcement strategies alone have been insufficient to generate compliance, especially in the early stages of tackling national pollution. (iii) The use of continuous environmental monitoring systems at industrial sites represents best practice for pollution control projects. (iv) With the uncertainties surrounding the carbon finance market, World Bank operations involving carbon finance–linked projects should undergo careful preparation, delinking implementation schedules if necessary, to avoid risks that may occur during processing. (v) Ensuring careful alignment between project objective and project design is critical to avoiding confusion in determining whether a project has achieved its goals. (vi) Managed carefully, the World Bank’s role in organizing collaboration among its development partners can significantly enhance its ability to scale up its operations in the environmental management sector. (vi) Environmental operations that rely on a credit line mechanism may be limited in their ability to target the most serious pollution issues because of requirements for creditworthiness.

Ghana: Agriculture Development Policy Operation, Phase I–IV (Project Performance Assessment Report)

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This Project Performance Assessment Report (PPAR) assesses the outcome and sustainability of two consecutive World Bank–financed programmatic series of DPOs in the agriculture sector in Ghana with a total disbursement of US$ 157 million. Objectives of these two projects include: (i) to increase the contribution of agriculture to growth and poverty reduction; (ii) to improve the management of soil Show MoreThis Project Performance Assessment Report (PPAR) assesses the outcome and sustainability of two consecutive World Bank–financed programmatic series of DPOs in the agriculture sector in Ghana with a total disbursement of US$ 157 million. Objectives of these two projects include: (i) to increase the contribution of agriculture to growth and poverty reduction; (ii) to improve the management of soil and water resources; (iii) to enhance productivity and market access among farmers; and (ii) to improve agriculture sector management. Ratings for the First Agriculture Development Policy Operation Series were as follows: outcome was moderately unsatisfactory, risk to development outcome was significant, World Bank performance was moderately unsatisfactory, and borrower performance was moderately unsatisfactory. These ratings differ from the ICR in all four areas. Ratings for the Second Agriculture Development Policy Operation Series were: outcome was moderately unsatisfactory, risk to development outcome was significant, World Bank performance was moderately unsatisfactory, and borrower performance was moderately unsatisfactory. All ratings except for risk to development are different from the ICR. Lessons include: (i) In a sector such as agriculture, in which responsibilities are fragmented across many different directorates and agencies, impact could be heightened by broadening engagement beyond key counterparts in the leading ministry to other directorates charged with delivering program results. (ii) Rigorous assessment of government commitment and ownership is needed not only at the design stage but throughout implementation. (iii) Potential synergies between sector and general budget support operations could be enhanced by more effective coordination and monitoring and feedback between the two. (iv) Defining DPO series objectives in concrete and measurable terms and scaling ambition down to what the actions in the operations can realistically be expected to influence can improve the demonstration of impact and enhance attribution.

Peru: Fiscal Management and Competitiveness Programmatic Development Policy Loans (Project Performance Assessment Report)

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This PPAR evaluates the programmatic series of Peru FMCDPL I–IV and supplemental financing to FMCDPL II. The FMCDPL series aimed to support the government’s reform program to improve the functioning of Peru’s public sector institutions and business environment. The support program rested on two pillars: (i) improve the efficiency and quality of fiscal management and (ii) enhance competitiveness. Show MoreThis PPAR evaluates the programmatic series of Peru FMCDPL I–IV and supplemental financing to FMCDPL II. The FMCDPL series aimed to support the government’s reform program to improve the functioning of Peru’s public sector institutions and business environment. The support program rested on two pillars: (i) improve the efficiency and quality of fiscal management and (ii) enhance competitiveness. Under these, the FMCDPL program supported nine specific policy objectives: Efficiency and quality of fiscal management: (i) increase sustainability and transparency of fiscal policy, (ii) make tax system more neutral and stable, (iii) strengthen budget reporting and planning, (iv) increase equity in intergovernmental transfers, and (v) improve efficiency and impact of public spending. Competitiveness: (vi) make public sector processes more transparent, accessible, and agile; (vii) expand and deepen international trade; (viii) reduce transaction costs for the private sector to enter, operate in, and exit markets; and (ix) promote sustainable financial deepening. The overall outcome is rated moderately satisfactory, reflecting substantial relevance of the objectives and the design and partial achievement of most objectives under the two pillars. Key lessons include: (i) When strong ownership of the client is demonstrated, a programmatic series of operations can offer the World Bank and its client win-win solutions. (ii) For the World Bank, a multiyear program of support gives it a chance to pursue an extended and coherent analytical agenda that may not be feasible in multiple one-off operations. (iii) To the client, the programmatic series offers a real-time opportunity to learn about the reforms (including both the costs and benefits) and to build on the momentum of initial success. (iv) In the case of Peru, despite all the positive steps the government has taken to enhance efficiency in the allocation of fiscal resources, a pressing need to rationalize the fiduciary and regulatory norms and the multiplicity of control and auditing instances remains. (v) The application of the DDO in this context to the second loan and its supplement illustrated the World Bank’s willingness and ability to support Peru at a time of considerable market uncertainty and, arguably, to help limit contagion.

Senegal: A Decade of World Bank Support to Senegal’s Nutrition Program

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This report assesses the performance of three projects: (1) the Nutrition Enhancement Program, (2) the Nutrition Enhancement Project in Support of the Second Phase of the Nutrition Enhancement Program, and (3) the Rapid Response Child-Focused Social Cash Transfer and Nutrition Security Project. At the start of the new millennium, malnutrition in Senegal was of great concern. Malnutrition Show MoreThis report assesses the performance of three projects: (1) the Nutrition Enhancement Program, (2) the Nutrition Enhancement Project in Support of the Second Phase of the Nutrition Enhancement Program, and (3) the Rapid Response Child-Focused Social Cash Transfer and Nutrition Security Project. At the start of the new millennium, malnutrition in Senegal was of great concern. Malnutrition contributes to child and maternal mortality and morbidity, undermines children’s prospects of reaching their physical and intellectual potential, and undercuts income-earning potential for households and overall productivity and economic development. Its two principal causes are inadequate food intake and illness. Underlying factors are poverty; inadequate access to quality food; inadequate knowledge and behaviors favoring the health of mothers and children; and inadequate services, especially health, clean water, and sanitation. In 2001, the government of Senegal issued a new nutrition policy, supporting a 10-year goal to improve nutrition through a community-based, multisectoral approach. The policy was translated into the 10-year Nutrition Enhancement Program (NEP), financed by the government of Senegal, the World Bank, and eventually others. The government of Senegal also created the Cellule de Lutte contre la Malnutrition (Agency in Charge of the Fight against Malnutrition; CLM), attached to the prime minister’s office, responsible for policy oversight and evaluation.

Colombia: Public and Private Paths to Sustainable Water Supply and Sanitation in Colombia (1999-2011) (Project Performance Assessment Report)

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Water supply and sanitation in Colombia have improved in recent decades. Between 1990 and 2010, access to improved sanitation increased from 67 percent to 82 percent, and access to improved water sources increased from 89 percent to 94 percent (WHO/UNICEF 2010), but coverage in rural areas still lags behind. The three projects covered by this assessment—the Cartagena Water Supply, Sewerage, Show MoreWater supply and sanitation in Colombia have improved in recent decades. Between 1990 and 2010, access to improved sanitation increased from 67 percent to 82 percent, and access to improved water sources increased from 89 percent to 94 percent (WHO/UNICEF 2010), but coverage in rural areas still lags behind. The three projects covered by this assessment—the Cartagena Water Supply, Sewerage, and Environmental Management Project (the Cartagena Project); the Water Sector Reform Assistance Project (WSRAP); and the Water and Sanitation Sector Support Project (WSSSP)—are among the second generation of water supply and sanitation (WSS) projects that benefited from the lessons learned in the 1990s from Bank-supported WSS projects in Colombia. The overall project outcome, based on relevance, efficacy, and efficiency, is rated satisfactory. Relevance of the objectives and design are both rated substantial. Achievement of two objectives was rated high, and one was rated substantial, since all objectives were achieved or surpassed. Efficiency is rated substantial, and risks to development outcome are rated negligible, since ACUACAR had proven to be an efficient and sustainable mixed-enterprise (public-private) model that survived numerous shifts in political administrations. Both Bank and borrower performances are rated satisfactory.

Zambia: Water Sector Performance Improvement Project

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This Project Performance Assessment Report (PPAR) assesses the development effectiveness of the Water Sector Performance Improvement Project (WSPIP) in Zambia. The project’s original objectives were: (i) the improvement of access to, and sustainability of, the water supply and sanitation services for consumers in Lusaka; and (ii) development of a comprehensive institutional structure Show MoreThis Project Performance Assessment Report (PPAR) assesses the development effectiveness of the Water Sector Performance Improvement Project (WSPIP) in Zambia. The project’s original objectives were: (i) the improvement of access to, and sustainability of, the water supply and sanitation services for consumers in Lusaka; and (ii) development of a comprehensive institutional structure supporting a coordinated approach to water supply and sanitation investments. In 2009, Additional Financing was approved, and the objectives were revised to (i) improve the technical efficiency and financial sustainability of Lusaka Water and Sanitation Company and improve access to water supply and sanitation services for urban consumers in Lusaka, Kafue, Chongwe, and Luangwa districts, and (ii) strengthen the effectiveness of national water supply and sanitation planning.

Solomon Islands: Rural Development Program (PPAR)

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The Solomon Islands Rural Development Program (Phase I) was the Bank’s first major intervention in Solomon Islands following the Tensions of 1998-2003. The project envisaged making the government more visible in rural areas of the archipelago and sought to re-energize commercial activity and opportunities for agricultural producers. The project’s objective was to take a community driven Show MoreThe Solomon Islands Rural Development Program (Phase I) was the Bank’s first major intervention in Solomon Islands following the Tensions of 1998-2003. The project envisaged making the government more visible in rural areas of the archipelago and sought to re-energize commercial activity and opportunities for agricultural producers. The project’s objective was to take a community driven development (CDD) approach to supporting rural infrastructure and to put in place the necessary structures for CDD to be a useful mechanism for future development.