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Report/Evaluation Type:Country-Focused EvaluationsProject Level Evaluations (PPARs)
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Lao People’s Democratic Republic - Second Education Development Project (PPAR)

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This Project Performance Assessment Report (PPAR) assesses a primary education project in the Lao People’s Democratic Republic, the Second Education Development Project, commonly known as EDP2. This program was financed by the World Bank and the government of Australia. The project was approved in April 2004, and closed in August 2013. The World Bank’s total contribution was $28.2 million. This Show MoreThis Project Performance Assessment Report (PPAR) assesses a primary education project in the Lao People’s Democratic Republic, the Second Education Development Project, commonly known as EDP2. This program was financed by the World Bank and the government of Australia. The project was approved in April 2004, and closed in August 2013. The World Bank’s total contribution was $28.2 million. This report was prepared by Erik Bloom, Senior Economist, IEG and Inthansone Phetsering, consultant. The findings are based on an extensive review of the literature, project reports, and a field visit, December 4–18, 2016. This mission included a field visit to Oudamxay province. The mission talked to current and retired staff involved in the project’s implementation in the Ministry of Education and Sports and with staff from the World Bank and the government of Australia. The mission also met with education officials at the province and district levels in Oudamxay province. The mission also visited five remote schools in two districts. As much as possible, the PPAR cites publically available documents, and when appropriate, it refers to interviews and internal documents. The project’s credit agreement states the project’s development objective as: To assist the Borrower to achieve universal completion of primary education by implementing the education policies and reform actions set forth in its Letter of Education Policy, including increasing access to, and the completion of, primary school in the project provinces, improving the quality of access to, and the completion of, primary school in the project provinces, improving the quality of education, and building the policy development and management capacity of its Ministry of Education.

Ukraine - Development of State Statistics System for Monitoring Social and Economic Transformation (devstat) Project (PPAR)

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This Project Performance Assessment Report (PPAR) assesses the Development of State Statistics System for Monitoring Social and Economic Transformation (DEVSTAT) project in Ukraine. This project was one of two pilot projects (along with Burkina Faso) supported under the Statistics Capacity Building Program (STATCAP). DEVSTAT was approved by the World Bank on March 25, 2004. The original closing Show MoreThis Project Performance Assessment Report (PPAR) assesses the Development of State Statistics System for Monitoring Social and Economic Transformation (DEVSTAT) project in Ukraine. This project was one of two pilot projects (along with Burkina Faso) supported under the Statistics Capacity Building Program (STATCAP). DEVSTAT was approved by the World Bank on March 25, 2004. The original closing date of the project, December 31, 2009, was extended three times due to delays in the ratification of the loan agreement, delays in the procurement of advanced information communication technology, and to allow for the national rollout of the integrated statistical data processing system (ISDPS). The project closed on December 31, 2013. Total project cost was estimated to be $37.94 million, of which $32 million would be financed by the World Bank and $5.94 million by borrower contributions. Additional Financing of $10 million was granted in December 2012, at which time the statement of objectives was formally revised. The revised objective aligned the statements of objectives in the loan agreement and the project appraisal document. Actual total cost at project closure was $45.19 million, financed by a loan of $42 million from the World Bank and a contribution of $3.19 million from the borrower. The objective of this project was “to build a sustainable state statistical system, which would efficiently and effectively collect, process, and disseminate accurate, timely, coherent, and trustworthy statistical data concerning the economy and social conditions of the borrower required by the government, business, and society to make informed decisions, and encompassing a comprehensive reform of the State Statistical System of Ukraine, primarily through the modernization of the State Statistical Committee.”

Cameroon CLR Review FY10-14

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Cameroon is a lower middle income, resource-rich country with large potential. Due to its location, the country is the gateway to the economies of Central Africa and plays a central role in the Central African Economic and Monetary Community (CEMAC). The Bank's strategy was well aligned with country challenges and the government's own objectives, with the emphasis of the CAS program on governance Show MoreCameroon is a lower middle income, resource-rich country with large potential. Due to its location, the country is the gateway to the economies of Central Africa and plays a central role in the Central African Economic and Monetary Community (CEMAC). The Bank's strategy was well aligned with country challenges and the government's own objectives, with the emphasis of the CAS program on governance, competitiveness, and public sector services. The program generally did address key challenges for the country, and was largely unchanged in the CAS Progress Report (CASPR), at which time the CAS period was extended to include FY14, but some indicators were dropped and others were weakened primarily in terms of time of delivery. The program aligned quite well to the twin goals, but the poverty dimension of the WBG program could have been even stronger, including the attention to inclusion – although with a poverty rate of 37.5 percent (2014) there is strong overlap between poverty and shared prosperity issues. The CAS program was reasonably well designed in light of country requirements and (significant) constraints, and proved to be quite stable with all nine objectives maintained in the CASPR. It addressed appropriate and important areas, and was designed for gradual and quite modest improvements. The CASPR addressed an important stepping-up of supervision and implementation support,and also a stronger focus on a few selected operations going forward. IEG draws three main lessons from this CLR: First, programs addressing governance need to provide a mix of interventions commensurate with the nature of the objectives, be structured realistically to conditions on the ground and Bank instruments. Second, indicators need to be designed keeping in mind the ability to monitor progress and to measure and assess end results. Third, Bank country program documents including CLRs need to pay clear attention where there are (as for Cameroon) significant indications of broader underlying fiduciary and governance issues. IEG also agrees with the following lessons from the CLR: Centralized approaches to strengthening governance need to be complemented with decentralized and sector-based approaches. The impact of investment lending is much higher when it is accompanied by sector policy and institutional reform which is possible only when government ownership is strong.

Pacific Island Countries CLR Review FY11-17

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This is a summary of six CLR reviews covering the World Bank Group (WBG) programs for the Pacific Island Countries (PICs) of Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Samoa, Tonga, and Tuvalu. The summary is based on IEG’s individual country assessments of the completion and learning reviews prepared for each country. During the period under review, each country prepared a stand-alone Country Show MoreThis is a summary of six CLR reviews covering the World Bank Group (WBG) programs for the Pacific Island Countries (PICs) of Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Samoa, Tonga, and Tuvalu. The summary is based on IEG’s individual country assessments of the completion and learning reviews prepared for each country. During the period under review, each country prepared a stand-alone Country Assistance/Partnership Strategy (CAS/CPS), in contrast to previous engagements that were done under an umbrella regional strategy for the Pacific Islands. Except for Tuvalu’s country program, all CPSs were joint programs between the Bank and IFC. The assessments are based on the original CPSs, since no Performance and Learning Reviews (PLRs) were undertaken for any of the countries. These countries have populations ranging from 10,000 (Tuvalu) to over 200,000 (Samoa)— Tuvalu is the smallest WBG member country. They are among the most remote and geographically dispersed countries in the world, and range from low middle income (Kiribati, US$3,390 GNI per capita in current dollars) to upper middle income (Tuvalu, US$6,120 GNI per capita in current dollars). Some of them joined the WBG as recently as 2010 (Tuvalu). The high cost of operating in these small, remote countries, and limited resources from IDA, constrained the World Bank Group to engage with them at the regional level or through multi-country platforms until 2008, when the governments of Australia and New Zealand decided to enter into funding partnerships with the WBG. These partnerships—combined with significant increases in IDA disaster risk management and climate change—gave the WBG the capacity to operate at scale in the Pacific Island Countries. For most of the countries—except Samoa and Tonga—this program was the first direct engagement with the WBG. All programs were financed by IDA and trust-funds, and some of the countries (Marshall Islands, Micronesia, and Tuvalu) had to be granted an exception for small islands to qualify for IDA funds in light of their high per capita income.

Ghana: Agriculture Development Policy Operation, Phase I–IV (Project Performance Assessment Report)

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This Project Performance Assessment Report (PPAR) assesses the outcome and sustainability of two consecutive World Bank–financed programmatic series of DPOs in the agriculture sector in Ghana with a total disbursement of US$ 157 million. Objectives of these two projects include: (i) to increase the contribution of agriculture to growth and poverty reduction; (ii) to improve the management of soil Show MoreThis Project Performance Assessment Report (PPAR) assesses the outcome and sustainability of two consecutive World Bank–financed programmatic series of DPOs in the agriculture sector in Ghana with a total disbursement of US$ 157 million. Objectives of these two projects include: (i) to increase the contribution of agriculture to growth and poverty reduction; (ii) to improve the management of soil and water resources; (iii) to enhance productivity and market access among farmers; and (ii) to improve agriculture sector management. Ratings for the First Agriculture Development Policy Operation Series were as follows: outcome was moderately unsatisfactory, risk to development outcome was significant, World Bank performance was moderately unsatisfactory, and borrower performance was moderately unsatisfactory. These ratings differ from the ICR in all four areas. Ratings for the Second Agriculture Development Policy Operation Series were: outcome was moderately unsatisfactory, risk to development outcome was significant, World Bank performance was moderately unsatisfactory, and borrower performance was moderately unsatisfactory. All ratings except for risk to development are different from the ICR. Lessons include: (i) In a sector such as agriculture, in which responsibilities are fragmented across many different directorates and agencies, impact could be heightened by broadening engagement beyond key counterparts in the leading ministry to other directorates charged with delivering program results. (ii) Rigorous assessment of government commitment and ownership is needed not only at the design stage but throughout implementation. (iii) Potential synergies between sector and general budget support operations could be enhanced by more effective coordination and monitoring and feedback between the two. (iv) Defining DPO series objectives in concrete and measurable terms and scaling ambition down to what the actions in the operations can realistically be expected to influence can improve the demonstration of impact and enhance attribution.

Peru: Fiscal Management and Competitiveness Programmatic Development Policy Loans (Project Performance Assessment Report)

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This PPAR evaluates the programmatic series of Peru FMCDPL I–IV and supplemental financing to FMCDPL II. The FMCDPL series aimed to support the government’s reform program to improve the functioning of Peru’s public sector institutions and business environment. The support program rested on two pillars: (i) improve the efficiency and quality of fiscal management and (ii) enhance competitiveness. Show MoreThis PPAR evaluates the programmatic series of Peru FMCDPL I–IV and supplemental financing to FMCDPL II. The FMCDPL series aimed to support the government’s reform program to improve the functioning of Peru’s public sector institutions and business environment. The support program rested on two pillars: (i) improve the efficiency and quality of fiscal management and (ii) enhance competitiveness. Under these, the FMCDPL program supported nine specific policy objectives: Efficiency and quality of fiscal management: (i) increase sustainability and transparency of fiscal policy, (ii) make tax system more neutral and stable, (iii) strengthen budget reporting and planning, (iv) increase equity in intergovernmental transfers, and (v) improve efficiency and impact of public spending. Competitiveness: (vi) make public sector processes more transparent, accessible, and agile; (vii) expand and deepen international trade; (viii) reduce transaction costs for the private sector to enter, operate in, and exit markets; and (ix) promote sustainable financial deepening. The overall outcome is rated moderately satisfactory, reflecting substantial relevance of the objectives and the design and partial achievement of most objectives under the two pillars. Key lessons include: (i) When strong ownership of the client is demonstrated, a programmatic series of operations can offer the World Bank and its client win-win solutions. (ii) For the World Bank, a multiyear program of support gives it a chance to pursue an extended and coherent analytical agenda that may not be feasible in multiple one-off operations. (iii) To the client, the programmatic series offers a real-time opportunity to learn about the reforms (including both the costs and benefits) and to build on the momentum of initial success. (iv) In the case of Peru, despite all the positive steps the government has taken to enhance efficiency in the allocation of fiscal resources, a pressing need to rationalize the fiduciary and regulatory norms and the multiplicity of control and auditing instances remains. (v) The application of the DDO in this context to the second loan and its supplement illustrated the World Bank’s willingness and ability to support Peru at a time of considerable market uncertainty and, arguably, to help limit contagion.

Senegal: A Decade of World Bank Support to Senegal’s Nutrition Program

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This report assesses the performance of three projects: (1) the Nutrition Enhancement Program, (2) the Nutrition Enhancement Project in Support of the Second Phase of the Nutrition Enhancement Program, and (3) the Rapid Response Child-Focused Social Cash Transfer and Nutrition Security Project. At the start of the new millennium, malnutrition in Senegal was of great concern. Malnutrition Show MoreThis report assesses the performance of three projects: (1) the Nutrition Enhancement Program, (2) the Nutrition Enhancement Project in Support of the Second Phase of the Nutrition Enhancement Program, and (3) the Rapid Response Child-Focused Social Cash Transfer and Nutrition Security Project. At the start of the new millennium, malnutrition in Senegal was of great concern. Malnutrition contributes to child and maternal mortality and morbidity, undermines children’s prospects of reaching their physical and intellectual potential, and undercuts income-earning potential for households and overall productivity and economic development. Its two principal causes are inadequate food intake and illness. Underlying factors are poverty; inadequate access to quality food; inadequate knowledge and behaviors favoring the health of mothers and children; and inadequate services, especially health, clean water, and sanitation. In 2001, the government of Senegal issued a new nutrition policy, supporting a 10-year goal to improve nutrition through a community-based, multisectoral approach. The policy was translated into the 10-year Nutrition Enhancement Program (NEP), financed by the government of Senegal, the World Bank, and eventually others. The government of Senegal also created the Cellule de Lutte contre la Malnutrition (Agency in Charge of the Fight against Malnutrition; CLM), attached to the prime minister’s office, responsible for policy oversight and evaluation.

Colombia: Public and Private Paths to Sustainable Water Supply and Sanitation in Colombia (1999-2011) (Project Performance Assessment Report)

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Water supply and sanitation in Colombia have improved in recent decades. Between 1990 and 2010, access to improved sanitation increased from 67 percent to 82 percent, and access to improved water sources increased from 89 percent to 94 percent (WHO/UNICEF 2010), but coverage in rural areas still lags behind. The three projects covered by this assessment—the Cartagena Water Supply, Sewerage, Show MoreWater supply and sanitation in Colombia have improved in recent decades. Between 1990 and 2010, access to improved sanitation increased from 67 percent to 82 percent, and access to improved water sources increased from 89 percent to 94 percent (WHO/UNICEF 2010), but coverage in rural areas still lags behind. The three projects covered by this assessment—the Cartagena Water Supply, Sewerage, and Environmental Management Project (the Cartagena Project); the Water Sector Reform Assistance Project (WSRAP); and the Water and Sanitation Sector Support Project (WSSSP)—are among the second generation of water supply and sanitation (WSS) projects that benefited from the lessons learned in the 1990s from Bank-supported WSS projects in Colombia. The overall project outcome, based on relevance, efficacy, and efficiency, is rated satisfactory. Relevance of the objectives and design are both rated substantial. Achievement of two objectives was rated high, and one was rated substantial, since all objectives were achieved or surpassed. Efficiency is rated substantial, and risks to development outcome are rated negligible, since ACUACAR had proven to be an efficient and sustainable mixed-enterprise (public-private) model that survived numerous shifts in political administrations. Both Bank and borrower performances are rated satisfactory.

Zambia: Water Sector Performance Improvement Project

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This Project Performance Assessment Report (PPAR) assesses the development effectiveness of the Water Sector Performance Improvement Project (WSPIP) in Zambia. The project’s original objectives were: (i) the improvement of access to, and sustainability of, the water supply and sanitation services for consumers in Lusaka; and (ii) development of a comprehensive institutional structure Show MoreThis Project Performance Assessment Report (PPAR) assesses the development effectiveness of the Water Sector Performance Improvement Project (WSPIP) in Zambia. The project’s original objectives were: (i) the improvement of access to, and sustainability of, the water supply and sanitation services for consumers in Lusaka; and (ii) development of a comprehensive institutional structure supporting a coordinated approach to water supply and sanitation investments. In 2009, Additional Financing was approved, and the objectives were revised to (i) improve the technical efficiency and financial sustainability of Lusaka Water and Sanitation Company and improve access to water supply and sanitation services for urban consumers in Lusaka, Kafue, Chongwe, and Luangwa districts, and (ii) strengthen the effectiveness of national water supply and sanitation planning.

Solomon Islands: Rural Development Program (PPAR)

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The Solomon Islands Rural Development Program (Phase I) was the Bank’s first major intervention in Solomon Islands following the Tensions of 1998-2003. The project envisaged making the government more visible in rural areas of the archipelago and sought to re-energize commercial activity and opportunities for agricultural producers. The project’s objective was to take a community driven Show MoreThe Solomon Islands Rural Development Program (Phase I) was the Bank’s first major intervention in Solomon Islands following the Tensions of 1998-2003. The project envisaged making the government more visible in rural areas of the archipelago and sought to re-energize commercial activity and opportunities for agricultural producers. The project’s objective was to take a community driven development (CDD) approach to supporting rural infrastructure and to put in place the necessary structures for CDD to be a useful mechanism for future development.