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Report/Evaluation Type:Approach Papers
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Role in Global Issues: An Independent Evaluation of the World Bank Group Convening Power (Approach Paper)

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Recent World Bank Group (WBG) strategy documents, including the Forward Look, reiterated the importance of the WBG’s leadership role in dealing with global challenges and positioned the organization’s ability to work at the nexus of local and global issues such as climate change, gender, and pandemics as core part of its value proposition (World Bank 2013 and 2016). When the WBG shareholders Show MoreRecent World Bank Group (WBG) strategy documents, including the Forward Look, reiterated the importance of the WBG’s leadership role in dealing with global challenges and positioned the organization’s ability to work at the nexus of local and global issues such as climate change, gender, and pandemics as core part of its value proposition (World Bank 2013 and 2016). When the WBG shareholders committed to scale up WBG resources through the recent IBRD and IFC capital increase and the IDA18 replenishment in 2016, a core premise was to more strategically perform its global role, in better collaboration with public and private partners. This evaluation is about the WBG’s global role. It will assess how and when the WBG exercises convening power to spark collective action on global issues. Given the scale and interconnectedness of global challenges; increased complexity of the development ecosystem; and concerns over “mission creep”, the WBG’s role as a catalyst for collective action on behalf of the international community could become even more important. When and how should it lead, when should it support, and when should it withdraw?

Evaluation of the World Bank Group Engagement on Strengthening Subnational Governments (Approach Paper)

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Decentralization has been at the center of the public policy reform agenda all over the world - a process driven by both economic and political factors. Long-run structural transformations – mainly economic development and urbanization – have been associated with increasing demand for the provision of public services at the local level, especially in rapidly growing urban centers. Show More Decentralization has been at the center of the public policy reform agenda all over the world - a process driven by both economic and political factors. Long-run structural transformations – mainly economic development and urbanization – have been associated with increasing demand for the provision of public services at the local level, especially in rapidly growing urban centers. This has often been translated into an assignment of public functions from national to subnational governments (SNGs), a process which, together with the transfer of the respective structures, systems, resources and arrangements, amounts to what is generally understood as decentralization. The main objective of the proposed evaluation is to assess the role and contributions of the WBG to the strengthening of subnational governments (SSNG)’ ability to fulfill their public service provision responsibilities. The evaluation will focus on WBG support to core government policies and institutions necessary for SNG to deliver services and infrastructure. The evaluation aims at distilling lessons from past WBG engagement in these areas with a view to inform WBG strategic approaches in SSNG support. The evaluation is expected to make specific recommendations that could feed into relevant country strategies and project design. This evaluation is of strategic relevance from the perspective of implementing the Maximizing Finance for Development (MFD) approach, which called for enhancing financial leverage of the WBG. In addition to raising domestic resource mobilization, Bank and IFC support to SNGs, has been designed to create the conditions for increased private development finance at the subnational level. The potential audience for this evaluation includes WBG management, WBG task teams, clients (at national and subnational levels), development partners and practitioners.

Public Finance for Development Evaluation (Approach Paper)

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Sound public finance policies, institutions and outcomes are critical for making fast and sustained progress toward theWorld Bank Group’s twin goals of eradicating extreme poverty and promoting shared prosperity. Public finance encompasses the overall fiscal stance of the government, how governments collect revenues and manage expenditures, and the institutions that enable those outcomes. This Show MoreSound public finance policies, institutions and outcomes are critical for making fast and sustained progress toward theWorld Bank Group’s twin goals of eradicating extreme poverty and promoting shared prosperity. Public finance encompasses the overall fiscal stance of the government, how governments collect revenues and manage expenditures, and the institutions that enable those outcomes. This evaluation aims at assessing the development effectiveness of World Bank activities in public finance support during the period FY08–17, ranging from analytical work to financing and the use of the World Bank’s convening power. The evaluation is meant to contribute to the two primary purposes of evaluation at the World Bank: to promote accountability for delivering on the World Bank’s mandate through the assessment of performance and results in the area of public finance; and to promote learning within the World Bank and with its clients to inform the design and implementation of future interventions in an area that is of high and arguably growing importance for achieving improved development outcomes.

Creating Markets for Sustainable Growth and Development: An Evaluation of World Bank Group Support to Client Countries FY 07-17 (Approach Paper)

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The international development community is increasingly turning to the private sector in its pursuit of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Involving the private sector as a financier, operator or service provider in SDG relevant areas requires creating markets, i.e., putting in place an enabling business environment, overcoming a range of markets constraints, and/or enhancing competition Show MoreThe international development community is increasingly turning to the private sector in its pursuit of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Involving the private sector as a financier, operator or service provider in SDG relevant areas requires creating markets, i.e., putting in place an enabling business environment, overcoming a range of markets constraints, and/or enhancing competition through regulatory reform, pioneering investments or innovation. All these creating markets components imply certain roles for the private sector, the government and regulatory authorities. Since the 2002 World Bank Group (WBG) Private Sector Development Strategy creating markets has been a well-established part of the WBG-wide development agenda. The objective of this evaluation is to distill lessons from the Bank Group’s experience in creating markets to leverage the private sector for sustainable development and growth. Such lessons are intended to inform future program development and the upcoming implementation of the Creating market / Cascade approach. In this regard, the evaluation will obtain evidence-based findings, develop broadly-applicable lessons across the Bank Group, and propose appropriate recommendations.

Knowledge Flow and Collaboration Under the World Bank's New Operating Model (Approach Paper)

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This evaluation will assess whether operational structures, processes, and behaviors embedded in the World Bank’s new operating model (that is, the model associated with the Global Practices and Cross-cutting Solutions Areas) have thus far stimulated knowledge flow and collaboration as means to advancing the Bank Group’s goals and strategies. As an early-stage, or formative, evaluation, findings Show MoreThis evaluation will assess whether operational structures, processes, and behaviors embedded in the World Bank’s new operating model (that is, the model associated with the Global Practices and Cross-cutting Solutions Areas) have thus far stimulated knowledge flow and collaboration as means to advancing the Bank Group’s goals and strategies. As an early-stage, or formative, evaluation, findings will reflect the initial implementation of the model, helping to identify emerging lessons and inform course corrections. Recent years has been a time of change in the World Bank Group. New goals and strategies have been combined with a number of reforms to internal structures and processes. This evaluation will focus specifically on reforms to the World Bank operating model and, within that, on reforms aimed at enhancing knowledge flow and collaboration. Enhancing knowledge flow and collaboration across Regions, sectors, and World Bank Group institutions was a prominent goal of the 2013 World Bank Group (WBG) Strategy and the creation of the Global Practices (GPs) and Cross-cutting Solutions Areas (CCSAs).

Towards Urban Resilience: An Evaluation of the World Bank Group’s Evolving Approach 2007-2017 (Approach Paper)

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Half of humanity – 3.5 billion people – lives in cities today and by 2030, 60% of the world’s population will live in urban areas. Urbanization has the potential to lift people out of poverty and increase prosperity, yet rapid urbanization and unmanaged growth, tend to generate unsustainable land use, which is nearly impossible to change after a city grows. The urban poor are disproportionally Show MoreHalf of humanity – 3.5 billion people – lives in cities today and by 2030, 60% of the world’s population will live in urban areas. Urbanization has the potential to lift people out of poverty and increase prosperity, yet rapid urbanization and unmanaged growth, tend to generate unsustainable land use, which is nearly impossible to change after a city grows. The urban poor are disproportionally affected by chronic stress and shocks. The international community has recognized the importance of achieving sustainable and inclusive urban development by increasing attention to the resilience of cities. The purpose of this evaluation is to provide evaluative insights on the WBG’s role in helping clients foster urban resilience in the face of shocks, threats and chronic stress. The specific objective of this evaluation is to assess how well the WBG is helping clients to build urban resilience – to cope, recover, adapt and transform - in the face of shocks and chronic stress as the World Bank Group seeks to scale up its advice and investment in this domain. The evaluation will place attention on how urban resilience initiatives are linked to the Bank’s broader poverty reduction goals.

Rwanda Country Program Evaluation FY09-17 (Approach Paper)

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The primary goal of this evaluation is to assess the Bank Group’s development effectiveness in Rwanda during the period FY09-17 and to inform the design and implementation of future WBG activities in Rwanda. The Country Program Evaluation (CPE) will place strong emphasis on assessing World Bank Group (WBG) strategic positioning and program delivery to help Rwanda achieve its development goals, Show MoreThe primary goal of this evaluation is to assess the Bank Group’s development effectiveness in Rwanda during the period FY09-17 and to inform the design and implementation of future WBG activities in Rwanda. The Country Program Evaluation (CPE) will place strong emphasis on assessing World Bank Group (WBG) strategic positioning and program delivery to help Rwanda achieve its development goals, notably to become a lower middle income country by 2020. The selection of Rwanda for this CPE – one of two undertaken by IEG in FY18 – is motivated by the country’s important development achievements during the period of analysis as well as by the major challenges the country faces in order to sustain those gains going forward. The CPE seeks to provide inputs for the next Country Partnership Framework (CPF).

Two to Tango: An Evaluation of World Bank Group Support for Fostering Regional Integration (Approach Paper)

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Three overlapping forces shape economic and political systems in the contemporary world order: globalization, regionalism and nationalism. The first wave of regionalism in the 1960-1980 was primarily driven by the trade and tariff agenda, followed by the second wave in the 1980-2000 when regionalism was seen as a useful supplement to multilateralism. Today, in the context of emerging market and Show MoreThree overlapping forces shape economic and political systems in the contemporary world order: globalization, regionalism and nationalism. The first wave of regionalism in the 1960-1980 was primarily driven by the trade and tariff agenda, followed by the second wave in the 1980-2000 when regionalism was seen as a useful supplement to multilateralism. Today, in the context of emerging market and developing economies, the new dimensions of regionalism include interactions beyond trade, and can potentially encompasses hard infrastructure, institutional alignments, labor and capital flows. This evaluation focuses on regional integration (RI), which the World Bank Group (WBG) defines as economic interactions across at least two sovereign jurisdictions that are geographically close and resulting in integration of factors and goods, and coordination of policy. According to the 2013 World Bank Group Strategy, transformational engagements are about regional integration, involving both game-changing investments and actions to address policy constraints that require a coordinated response by several countries. Most transformational engagements entail partnerships in which the WBG may play a leading or supporting role. This evaluation is classified under the IEG Strategic Engagement Area (SEA), Inclusive and Sustainable Economic Growth.

Mexico Country Program Evaluation FY08-17 (Approach Paper)

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The core purpose of this document is to assess the development effectiveness of the World Bank Group country program in Mexico between FY2008 and FY2017. While Mexico has been a member of the OECD since 1994, its per capita GNI is the lowest among OECD members – 58 percent below the OECD average in 2016, in PPP terms – and its poverty rate is the highest in that group of mostly high income Show MoreThe core purpose of this document is to assess the development effectiveness of the World Bank Group country program in Mexico between FY2008 and FY2017. While Mexico has been a member of the OECD since 1994, its per capita GNI is the lowest among OECD members – 58 percent below the OECD average in 2016, in PPP terms – and its poverty rate is the highest in that group of mostly high income countries. Compared to upper middle income countries (UMICs), however, Mexico’s per capita GNI is 7 percent above the average of that group. Its latest, 2014 poverty rate, 5.7 percent, is comparatively low, measured using the international poverty line of $1.9 in 2011 PPP terms, but it is much higher, at 11.7 and 27.5 percent, if measured at poverty lines of $2.5 and $4, respectively (2005 PPP). The Government of Mexico’s strategic priorities have been focused on unlocking the country’s full potential, in terms not only of economic growth, but also of improved human development, gender equity, environmental protection and enhanced democratic governance and security. Over the period of analysis, the WBG aligned its strategic priorities with those embedded in the National Development Plans of two successive presidential administrations. The CPE will assess the WBG’s contributions to Mexico’s achievements in each of the Group’s priority areas of engagement. It will also evaluate the extent to which the WBG took advantage of potential synergies between the financial, knowledge and convening services that WBG institutions offered across its various engagement areas, to maximize overall contributions to Mexico’s national development goals.

An Evaluation of World Bank Group Support in Conflict Induced Situations of Forced Displacement (Approach Paper)

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This proposed evaluation aims to inform the World Bank Group’s scaling up of support to situations of forced displacement. It will focus on the World Bank Group’s emerging goals and catalytic role in countries and subregions hosting large forcibly displaced populations and providing lessons from past support to inform the World Bank Group’s position going forward. The evaluation pursues IEG’s Show MoreThis proposed evaluation aims to inform the World Bank Group’s scaling up of support to situations of forced displacement. It will focus on the World Bank Group’s emerging goals and catalytic role in countries and subregions hosting large forcibly displaced populations and providing lessons from past support to inform the World Bank Group’s position going forward. The evaluation pursues IEG’s strategic priority of providing evidence on what works and why, and it supports two of the strategic engagement areas in which IEG seeks to advance evaluative evidence: investing in people, and inclusive and sustainable economic growth. The evaluation effort is timed to be an input for the IDA18 mid-term review and IDA19 discussions.