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Report/Evaluation Type:Approach Papers
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Evaluation of IFC's Approach to Engaging Clients for Increased Development Impact (Approach Paper)

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The International Finance Corporation’s (IFC) mandate is to promote economic development by supporting the growth of productive private enterprise in its developing member countries--particularly in less developed and higher risk areas--in partnership with private sector clients. IFC’s business model is to work with private sector clients as a means to achieve its mandate of economic development Show MoreThe International Finance Corporation’s (IFC) mandate is to promote economic development by supporting the growth of productive private enterprise in its developing member countries--particularly in less developed and higher risk areas--in partnership with private sector clients. IFC’s business model is to work with private sector clients as a means to achieve its mandate of economic development. In pursuing this mandate, its strategy has evolved and, from the early 2000s, IFC has aimed to transform itself from a transactions-focused to a client-centered institution. The rationale for this shift to a client focus was to improve IFC’s development outcomes. More than a decade after the emergence of IFC’s more strategic approach to client engagement, this evaluation will assess the extent to which IFC’s approach to strategic client engagement have been implemented, enhanced these clients’ project outcomes and helped IFC improve its own development impact. The purpose is to derive appropriate lessons from experience and inform future efforts to improve IFC’s approach to client engagement in given country and client contexts as a means to enhance its development impact. The report is expected to build on internal diagnostics regarding IFC’s business model, which began in March 2016, and would allow IFC to fine tune its strategy related to the client engagement approach. The evaluation is undertaken as part of the second objective of IEG’s results framework regarding generating independent evaluation evidence to assess the early implementation experience of the 2013 WBG Strategy.

An Evaluation of World Bank Group Support to Health Services (Approach Paper)

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Health services (HS) are crucial for development. HS include all services dealing with the diagnosis and treatment of disease, or the promotion, maintenance and restoration of health. They include personal and non-personal health services. Ending extreme poverty and promoting shared prosperity sustainably require, among others, access to social services, including HS. The World Bank Group works Show MoreHealth services (HS) are crucial for development. HS include all services dealing with the diagnosis and treatment of disease, or the promotion, maintenance and restoration of health. They include personal and non-personal health services. Ending extreme poverty and promoting shared prosperity sustainably require, among others, access to social services, including HS. The World Bank Group works with the public and private sectors, and development partners to improve HS in client countries through finance, knowledge and convening services. The purpose of this evaluation is to collect evidence, develop lessons, and propose recommendations that could enhance WBG support to client countries as they move toward universal health coverage.

IEG Results and Performance of the World Bank Group 2016 (Concept Note)

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Results and Performance of the World Bank Group (RAP) is the annual review of what recent IEG evaluations reveal about the effectiveness of the World Bank Group (WBG), which includes IBRD/IDA, IFC, and MIGA, in addressing current and emerging development challenges. The report synthesizes evidence from recent IEG evaluations complemented by relevant information from other sources (e.g Show MoreResults and Performance of the World Bank Group (RAP) is the annual review of what recent IEG evaluations reveal about the effectiveness of the World Bank Group (WBG), which includes IBRD/IDA, IFC, and MIGA, in addressing current and emerging development challenges. The report synthesizes evidence from recent IEG evaluations complemented by relevant information from other sources (e.g., WBG corporate documents). RAP 2016 will be the seventh in a series that began in 2010 with the consolidation of separate annual reports that IEG prepared for the World Bank (IBRD/IDA), IFC, and MIGA, and it is the fourth one since IEG adopted the approach of focusing on a specific theme. RAP 2015 covered gender integration in the WBG, and the theme for RAP 17 will highlight “Environmental Sustainability.”

Toward a Clean World for All An Evaluation of World Bank Group Support for Pollution Management (Approach Paper)

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Pollution takes an enormous toll, both in terms of impact on healthy lives and environmental degradation—to the extent that it jeopardizes progress made in poverty alleviation. While the 2001 World Bank environment strategy calls for mainstreaming environmental concerns into country development programs, the 2012 World Bank Group environmental strategy, Toward a Green, Clean, and Show MorePollution takes an enormous toll, both in terms of impact on healthy lives and environmental degradation—to the extent that it jeopardizes progress made in poverty alleviation. While the 2001 World Bank environment strategy calls for mainstreaming environmental concerns into country development programs, the 2012 World Bank Group environmental strategy, Toward a Green, Clean, and Resilient World for All, explicitly defines a “clean world” as a strategic objective—a world with “low pollution and low emission.” The World Bank Group approved a total of 3,870 projects, accounting for approximately US$297 billion in commitments that are pollution-relevant over the last 12 years, FY2004-15. To date, the effectiveness of these interventions has not yet been evaluated. This study will be the first stock-taking exercise focusing on those pollution phenomena that affect poor countries the most, that is, air and water pollution, and waste.

The World Bank Group’s Support for Shared Prosperity (Approach Paper)

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The Development Committee in October 2013 endorsed the new World Bank Group (WBG) strategy comprising the twin goals of ending extreme poverty and boosting shared prosperity in every developing country (see World Bank Group 2013). The goal of ending extreme poverty is operationally defined as the percentage of people living on less than $1.90 a day (in 2011 Purchasing Power Parity terms), which Show MoreThe Development Committee in October 2013 endorsed the new World Bank Group (WBG) strategy comprising the twin goals of ending extreme poverty and boosting shared prosperity in every developing country (see World Bank Group 2013). The goal of ending extreme poverty is operationally defined as the percentage of people living on less than $1.90 a day (in 2011 Purchasing Power Parity terms), which is to be reduced to 3 percent globally by 2030. Shared prosperity is defined as “foster(ing) the income growth of the bottom 40 percent of the population (B40).” (World Bank 2013, p.1). Also, “two goals emphasize the importance of eco-nomic growth, inclusion and sustainability—including strong concerns for equity.” (World Bank 2013, p.1). The twin goals are related: projections indicate that the first goal will be very difficult to achieve without sufficient improvements in the distribution of income (World Bank 2014a). Over the past three years, the WBG has been reorienting its country client model towards the new goal of shared prosperity, but the World Bank Group has been pursuing distributional objectives for a long time. This evaluation will address how well has the Bank Group been pursuing distributional objectives in its strategies, projects and key knowledge products, including towards explicit goal of shared prosperity, how can recent operational experience inform current efforts, and what lessons can be learned from the early experience with implementation of the new goal of shared prosperity.

Data for Development An IEG Evaluation of World Bank-Support for Data and Statistical Capacity (Approach Paper)

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Data and evidence are the foundation of development policy and the effective implementation of programs. Countries need data to formulate policy and assess progress, and the World Bank needs data to frame policies and assess the outcomes of its efforts to help end extreme poverty, promote shared prosperity, and meet the Sustainable Development Goals. Yet, half of all member countries lack the Show MoreData and evidence are the foundation of development policy and the effective implementation of programs. Countries need data to formulate policy and assess progress, and the World Bank needs data to frame policies and assess the outcomes of its efforts to help end extreme poverty, promote shared prosperity, and meet the Sustainable Development Goals. Yet, half of all member countries lack the data necessary to measure progress against the Bank’s twin goals of ending extreme poverty and promoting shared prosperity (Serajuddin et al, 2015). Monitoring the 169 targets under the SDGs compared to the 21 targets under the Millennium Development Goals is also likely to heighten the need for data.

Evaluation of the World Bank Group’s Support for Water Supply and Sanitation Services, with Focus on the Poor FY2007-2016 (Approach Paper)

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Access to adequate, reliable, affordable, and safe water and sanitation services is fundamental to human development and welfare. This in not just a goal in its own right, but also critical to other development objectives for health, nutrition, gender equality, and education, which go to improve the quality of life and economic well-being of the population. Globally, there are an estimated Show MoreAccess to adequate, reliable, affordable, and safe water and sanitation services is fundamental to human development and welfare. This in not just a goal in its own right, but also critical to other development objectives for health, nutrition, gender equality, and education, which go to improve the quality of life and economic well-being of the population. Globally, there are an estimated 663 million people without access to improved sources of water, and 2.4 billion people without improved sanitation facilities, with a majority of these numbers in Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia. Bridging the gap in access to improved water and sanitation is a core concern of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development1. The Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 6 seeks to ensure availability of sustainable management of water and sanitation for all. In this new context, the evaluation will examine the effectiveness of the Bank Group in supporting client countries for expanding access to W & S services in a manner that is adequate, affordable, and meets acceptable quality and reliability standards. It will present evidence-based findings, lessons, and recommendations to enhance the Bank Group's effectiveness going forward in supporting client countries for providing sustained water and sanitation services with focus on the poor, as they progress towards the SDG 6.

Mobile Metropolises: An IEG Evaluation of the World Bank’s Group Support for Urban Transport (Approach Paper)

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By 2050, population growth and increasing urbanization are projected to add another 2.5 billion people to the world's current urban population of 3.9 billion. While cities are the main engineer for growth and many immigrants are better off by moving to the cities, urban life is not short of challenges which include but are not limited to congestion, pollution, poverty and inequality. To make Show MoreBy 2050, population growth and increasing urbanization are projected to add another 2.5 billion people to the world's current urban population of 3.9 billion. While cities are the main engineer for growth and many immigrants are better off by moving to the cities, urban life is not short of challenges which include but are not limited to congestion, pollution, poverty and inequality. To make cities inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable, every urban component has a role to play. An urban transport system that provides an efficient movement of goods and people, including the disadvantaged, and facilitates access to jobs and socio-economic opportunities in a sustainable and equitable way could substantially contribute to the achievement of the World Bank Group's (WBG) twin goals of eliminating extreme poverty by 2030 and boosting shared prosperity. Urban transport is defined as the set of all modes of moving people (and goods) within a defined urban area. The importance of urban transport development was confirmed by the Sustainable Development Goals adopted in September 2015, which have an explicit target 11.2 on urban transport.

Learning Product on Environmental Policy Lending (Concept Note)

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Environmental policy is a crucial driver of environmental outcomes and in terms development and poverty outcomes, as policy environments affect incentives and shift behavior by public and private sector agents. As noted in the World Bank Group's Environment Strategy, policies can be critical in enabling the private sector to use natural resources sustainably, to support inclusive and resilient Show MoreEnvironmental policy is a crucial driver of environmental outcomes and in terms development and poverty outcomes, as policy environments affect incentives and shift behavior by public and private sector agents. As noted in the World Bank Group's Environment Strategy, policies can be critical in enabling the private sector to use natural resources sustainably, to support inclusive and resilient decision-making, to improve governance risks, to remove perverse incentives, and to encourage sustainable growth policies. Supporting policy reforms remains a high priority for the strategy. Policy lending has been a major part of the World Bank's lending operations for decades, supporting economic policy and institutional reforms. Before 2004, policy lending occurred through a range of instruments, including Structural Adjustment Loans (SALs) and Sectoral Adjustment Loans (SECALS). Since 2004, policy lending has been consolidated through use of the Development Policy Operation (DPO), which changed the approach to emphasize fewer conditions and stronger country ownership. The DPO instrument has been used in different ways by the Bank. Many DPOs aim to support economy-wide, multi-sector reforms that include, for example, governance, financial sector, energy, and trade and competitiveness issues. In the past, most DPOs were multi-sector operations. However, over time the number of sectoral DPOs has grown substantially in number and commitment amounts over time. Lending through sectoral DPOs has grown particularly for policy lending with environmental goals. This Learning Product focusses on experience with DPOs in the Environment sector, broadly defined. This experience covers a wide range of sectors, including climate change mitigation and adaptation, green growth, natural resource management, disaster risk management, forestry, environmental policy, and others.

The Use of Political Economy Analysis in the Design and Implementation of Development Policy Financing (Concept Note)

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  The proposed learning product will look at World Bank's experience in the use of political economy analysis (PEA) for development policy financing (DPF). The product is part of the program of several separate learning products (LPs) to strengthen learning in the Bank and IEG, and to contribute to the Bank's ongoing reflections on the design and use of Development Policy Operations (DPOs Show More  The proposed learning product will look at World Bank's experience in the use of political economy analysis (PEA) for development policy financing (DPF). The product is part of the program of several separate learning products (LPs) to strengthen learning in the Bank and IEG, and to contribute to the Bank's ongoing reflections on the design and use of Development Policy Operations (DPOs). In FY 2015, IEG produced four LPs including: (1) macro-fiscal frameworks in DPOs, (2) use of Public Expenditure Reviews in DPOs, (3) social and environmental risks in DPOs and (4) results frameworks in DPOs. This exercise will build on these previous LPs and a number of large program level evaluations (Tanzania, Vietnam, Uganda, and Ghana) to contribute to a better understanding of the role and potential of political economy analysis for design and implementation of policy lending by the Bank.