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Report/Evaluation Type:Approach Papers
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"Cool Markets" for GHG Emission Reduction in a Warming World: Evaluation of World Bank Group’s Support to Carbon Finance (Approach Paper)

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Carbon finance (CF) has been one of the Bank Group’s first and longest engagements for mitigating climate change. Carbon finance as a subcomponent of climate finance is a generic term used for the revenue streams that can be generated by sale of project-based GHG emission reductions or from payments involving carbon sequestration and storage from forests. The World Bank Group launched CF with Show MoreCarbon finance (CF) has been one of the Bank Group’s first and longest engagements for mitigating climate change. Carbon finance as a subcomponent of climate finance is a generic term used for the revenue streams that can be generated by sale of project-based GHG emission reductions or from payments involving carbon sequestration and storage from forests. The World Bank Group launched CF with interest to support development of a global carbon market that will reduce the cost of achieving GHG emission reductions and facilitate sustainable development. The purpose of this evaluation is to assess the role and contributions of the WBG in CF in relation to the needs and priorities of its clients and its potential comparative advantages and draw lessons to inform the WBG’s strategic direction in CF. The evaluation will look at the four dimensions to assess the potential comparative advantages of the WBG in CF. On the WBG portfolio, the focus will only be on the CF portfolio and will not include the broad scope of climate finance. The primary audience for this evaluation is the WBG’s Board of Directors, senior management and staff involved in carbon finance, climate mitigation policy and related operations. Other stakeholders include the donor sponsors providing trust funds to the WBG. These stakeholders will have an incentive to know about the performance and effectiveness of the carbon finance activities, the key drivers of success, how those drivers changed over time, and how future operations can be improved. The evaluation will also be of interest to climate policy evaluation specialists and researchers as well as policymakers and regulatory agencies who want to understand the impact of WBG operations on international carbon finance and how carbon finance operations or similar GHG mitigation policies could be made more effective. Bilateral and multilateral institutions may also be interested to know about what works in carbon finance. Host country governments, civil society and NGOs will also have an interest in this evaluation, especially in terms of how such interventions contribute to reducing GHG emissions and create opportunities for sustainable social and economic development at different levels.

IEG Review of Results and Performance of the World Bank Group 2017 With a Special Focus on Environmental Sustainability (Concept Note)

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Results and Performance of the World Bank Group (RAP) is the annual review of what IEG evaluations reveal about the effectiveness of the World Bank Group (WBG), which includes IBRD/IDA, IFC, and MIGA, in addressing development challenges. The report synthesizes evidence from IEG evaluations and learning products complemented by relevant information from other sources (e.g., WBG corporate Show MoreResults and Performance of the World Bank Group (RAP) is the annual review of what IEG evaluations reveal about the effectiveness of the World Bank Group (WBG), which includes IBRD/IDA, IFC, and MIGA, in addressing development challenges. The report synthesizes evidence from IEG evaluations and learning products complemented by relevant information from other sources (e.g., WBG corporate documents). RAP 2017 will be the eighth in a series that began in 2010, and it is the fifth one since IEG adopted the approach of focusing on a specific theme, “Environmental sustainability”. In this report, IEG will draw on both this work and its body of project level evaluative evidence with additional desk-based analyses to provide an overarching picture of how the WBG is addressing environmental sustainability.

Engaging Citizens for Better Development Results: An IEG Evaluation of World Bank Group Citizen Engagement (Approach Paper)

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This proposed evaluation aims to inform the Board and Management of the World Bank Group on the effectiveness of World Bank Group citizen engagement (CE) activities to support development processes and outcomes. This is the first IEG evaluation that systematically reviews the World Bank Group CE efforts (including IFC and MIGA). CE is the umbrella term adopted by the World Bank Group to denote a Show MoreThis proposed evaluation aims to inform the Board and Management of the World Bank Group on the effectiveness of World Bank Group citizen engagement (CE) activities to support development processes and outcomes. This is the first IEG evaluation that systematically reviews the World Bank Group CE efforts (including IFC and MIGA). CE is the umbrella term adopted by the World Bank Group to denote a multitude of different interactions with a variety of stakeholders—such as government, private sector, and development institutions, including the World Bank Group—at different points in the project or program cycle that give citizens a stake in decision making with the objective of improving development outcomes. It is a two-way relationship that implies the existence of a tangible response to citizens’ feedback.

Evaluation of IFC's Approach to Engaging Clients for Increased Development Impact (Approach Paper)

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The International Finance Corporation’s (IFC) mandate is to promote economic development by supporting the growth of productive private enterprise in its developing member countries--particularly in less developed and higher risk areas--in partnership with private sector clients. IFC’s business model is to work with private sector clients as a means to achieve its mandate of economic development Show MoreThe International Finance Corporation’s (IFC) mandate is to promote economic development by supporting the growth of productive private enterprise in its developing member countries--particularly in less developed and higher risk areas--in partnership with private sector clients. IFC’s business model is to work with private sector clients as a means to achieve its mandate of economic development. In pursuing this mandate, its strategy has evolved and, from the early 2000s, IFC has aimed to transform itself from a transactions-focused to a client-centered institution. The rationale for this shift to a client focus was to improve IFC’s development outcomes. More than a decade after the emergence of IFC’s more strategic approach to client engagement, this evaluation will assess the extent to which IFC’s approach to strategic client engagement have been implemented, enhanced these clients’ project outcomes and helped IFC improve its own development impact. The purpose is to derive appropriate lessons from experience and inform future efforts to improve IFC’s approach to client engagement in given country and client contexts as a means to enhance its development impact. The report is expected to build on internal diagnostics regarding IFC’s business model, which began in March 2016, and would allow IFC to fine tune its strategy related to the client engagement approach. The evaluation is undertaken as part of the second objective of IEG’s results framework regarding generating independent evaluation evidence to assess the early implementation experience of the 2013 WBG Strategy.

An Evaluation of World Bank Group Support to Health Services (Approach Paper)

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Health services (HS) are crucial for development. HS include all services dealing with the diagnosis and treatment of disease, or the promotion, maintenance and restoration of health. They include personal and non-personal health services. Ending extreme poverty and promoting shared prosperity sustainably require, among others, access to social services, including HS. The World Bank Group works Show MoreHealth services (HS) are crucial for development. HS include all services dealing with the diagnosis and treatment of disease, or the promotion, maintenance and restoration of health. They include personal and non-personal health services. Ending extreme poverty and promoting shared prosperity sustainably require, among others, access to social services, including HS. The World Bank Group works with the public and private sectors, and development partners to improve HS in client countries through finance, knowledge and convening services. The purpose of this evaluation is to collect evidence, develop lessons, and propose recommendations that could enhance WBG support to client countries as they move toward universal health coverage.

IEG Results and Performance of the World Bank Group 2016 (Concept Note)

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Results and Performance of the World Bank Group (RAP) is the annual review of what recent IEG evaluations reveal about the effectiveness of the World Bank Group (WBG), which includes IBRD/IDA, IFC, and MIGA, in addressing current and emerging development challenges. The report synthesizes evidence from recent IEG evaluations complemented by relevant information from other sources (e.g Show MoreResults and Performance of the World Bank Group (RAP) is the annual review of what recent IEG evaluations reveal about the effectiveness of the World Bank Group (WBG), which includes IBRD/IDA, IFC, and MIGA, in addressing current and emerging development challenges. The report synthesizes evidence from recent IEG evaluations complemented by relevant information from other sources (e.g., WBG corporate documents). RAP 2016 will be the seventh in a series that began in 2010 with the consolidation of separate annual reports that IEG prepared for the World Bank (IBRD/IDA), IFC, and MIGA, and it is the fourth one since IEG adopted the approach of focusing on a specific theme. RAP 2015 covered gender integration in the WBG, and the theme for RAP 17 will highlight “Environmental Sustainability.”

Toward a Clean World for All An Evaluation of World Bank Group Support for Pollution Management (Approach Paper)

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Pollution takes an enormous toll, both in terms of impact on healthy lives and environmental degradation—to the extent that it jeopardizes progress made in poverty alleviation. While the 2001 World Bank environment strategy calls for mainstreaming environmental concerns into country development programs, the 2012 World Bank Group environmental strategy, Toward a Green, Clean, and Show MorePollution takes an enormous toll, both in terms of impact on healthy lives and environmental degradation—to the extent that it jeopardizes progress made in poverty alleviation. While the 2001 World Bank environment strategy calls for mainstreaming environmental concerns into country development programs, the 2012 World Bank Group environmental strategy, Toward a Green, Clean, and Resilient World for All, explicitly defines a “clean world” as a strategic objective—a world with “low pollution and low emission.” The World Bank Group approved a total of 3,870 projects, accounting for approximately US$297 billion in commitments that are pollution-relevant over the last 12 years, FY2004-15. To date, the effectiveness of these interventions has not yet been evaluated. This study will be the first stock-taking exercise focusing on those pollution phenomena that affect poor countries the most, that is, air and water pollution, and waste.

The World Bank Group’s Support for Shared Prosperity (Approach Paper)

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The Development Committee in October 2013 endorsed the new World Bank Group (WBG) strategy comprising the twin goals of ending extreme poverty and boosting shared prosperity in every developing country (see World Bank Group 2013). The goal of ending extreme poverty is operationally defined as the percentage of people living on less than $1.90 a day (in 2011 Purchasing Power Parity terms), which Show MoreThe Development Committee in October 2013 endorsed the new World Bank Group (WBG) strategy comprising the twin goals of ending extreme poverty and boosting shared prosperity in every developing country (see World Bank Group 2013). The goal of ending extreme poverty is operationally defined as the percentage of people living on less than $1.90 a day (in 2011 Purchasing Power Parity terms), which is to be reduced to 3 percent globally by 2030. Shared prosperity is defined as “foster(ing) the income growth of the bottom 40 percent of the population (B40).” (World Bank 2013, p.1). Also, “two goals emphasize the importance of eco-nomic growth, inclusion and sustainability—including strong concerns for equity.” (World Bank 2013, p.1). The twin goals are related: projections indicate that the first goal will be very difficult to achieve without sufficient improvements in the distribution of income (World Bank 2014a). Over the past three years, the WBG has been reorienting its country client model towards the new goal of shared prosperity, but the World Bank Group has been pursuing distributional objectives for a long time. This evaluation will address how well has the Bank Group been pursuing distributional objectives in its strategies, projects and key knowledge products, including towards explicit goal of shared prosperity, how can recent operational experience inform current efforts, and what lessons can be learned from the early experience with implementation of the new goal of shared prosperity.

Data for Development An IEG Evaluation of World Bank-Support for Data and Statistical Capacity (Approach Paper)

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Data and evidence are the foundation of development policy and the effective implementation of programs. Countries need data to formulate policy and assess progress, and the World Bank needs data to frame policies and assess the outcomes of its efforts to help end extreme poverty, promote shared prosperity, and meet the Sustainable Development Goals. Yet, half of all member countries lack the Show MoreData and evidence are the foundation of development policy and the effective implementation of programs. Countries need data to formulate policy and assess progress, and the World Bank needs data to frame policies and assess the outcomes of its efforts to help end extreme poverty, promote shared prosperity, and meet the Sustainable Development Goals. Yet, half of all member countries lack the data necessary to measure progress against the Bank’s twin goals of ending extreme poverty and promoting shared prosperity (Serajuddin et al, 2015). Monitoring the 169 targets under the SDGs compared to the 21 targets under the Millennium Development Goals is also likely to heighten the need for data.

Evaluation of the World Bank Group’s Support for Water Supply and Sanitation Services, with Focus on the Poor FY2007-2016 (Approach Paper)

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Access to adequate, reliable, affordable, and safe water and sanitation services is fundamental to human development and welfare. This in not just a goal in its own right, but also critical to other development objectives for health, nutrition, gender equality, and education, which go to improve the quality of life and economic well-being of the population. Globally, there are an estimated Show MoreAccess to adequate, reliable, affordable, and safe water and sanitation services is fundamental to human development and welfare. This in not just a goal in its own right, but also critical to other development objectives for health, nutrition, gender equality, and education, which go to improve the quality of life and economic well-being of the population. Globally, there are an estimated 663 million people without access to improved sources of water, and 2.4 billion people without improved sanitation facilities, with a majority of these numbers in Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia. Bridging the gap in access to improved water and sanitation is a core concern of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development1. The Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 6 seeks to ensure availability of sustainable management of water and sanitation for all. In this new context, the evaluation will examine the effectiveness of the Bank Group in supporting client countries for expanding access to W & S services in a manner that is adequate, affordable, and meets acceptable quality and reliability standards. It will present evidence-based findings, lessons, and recommendations to enhance the Bank Group's effectiveness going forward in supporting client countries for providing sustained water and sanitation services with focus on the poor, as they progress towards the SDG 6.