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Myanmar CLR Review FY15-19

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This review of the World Bank Group’s (WBG) Completion and Learning Review (CLR) covers the period of the Country Partnership Framework (CPF), FY15-FY17, and updated in the Performance and Learning Review (PLR) dated June 2, 2017, which extended the CPF period by two years to FY19. This CPF followed the end-2012 Interim Strategy Note (ISN) that resumed WBG operations after a hiatus of about 25 Show MoreThis review of the World Bank Group’s (WBG) Completion and Learning Review (CLR) covers the period of the Country Partnership Framework (CPF), FY15-FY17, and updated in the Performance and Learning Review (PLR) dated June 2, 2017, which extended the CPF period by two years to FY19. This CPF followed the end-2012 Interim Strategy Note (ISN) that resumed WBG operations after a hiatus of about 25 years. To support the Government’s development efforts, the WBG implemented a major expansion of its activities (a seven-fold increase in the Bank’s portfolio), possibly beyond what the country could absorb. Nevertheless, this support contributed to good progress on farming productivity; on access to electricity, telecommunications, health, education, and finance; and on the business climate. IEG agrees with the lessons drawn by the CLR. These are reformulated and summarized as follows: (i) In an environment of constrained implementation capacity, projects with diverse objectives and multiple implementing agencies may become unwieldy and lead to delays in project implementation. (ii) A results framework that excludes the program’s cross-cutting issues will impede assessment of success in addressing these issues. (iii) Use of country systems, support of key reform champions, and joint analytical work are among the factors that build trust with counterparts and stakeholders. (iv) Access to and coordination of trust fund resources will encourage effective implementation and collaboration across development partners. (v) Good and timely data is critical for evidence-based policy dialogue and timely response to country developments. (vi) A “one WBG” approach is critical to leverage WBG instruments toward specific objectives such as access to electricity. Seventh, more careful attention to indicators, including their sources, baselines, targets and time frames will facilitate program monitoring. (vii) A “disconnect’ between written implementation rules and actual practices in Myanmar, e.g., on procurement, may cause implementation delays. IEG adds the following lesson: Joint Implementation Plans (JIPs5) can improve the effectiveness of the “one WBG” approach noted by the CLR lessons. WBG CPFs normally intend collaboration across the Bank, IFC, and MIGA, but more often than not, CPFs do not spell out how such collaboration is to happen. Myanmar’s CPF JIP to improve access to electricity helped ensure that joint work would materialize. IEG rates the CPF development outcome as Moderately Satisfactory and WBG performance as Good.

A global effort is needed to ensure all countries are ready to combat COVID-19 (coronavirus) with evidence

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A global effort is needed to ensure all countries are ready to combat COVID-19 (coronavirus) with evidence
Every government needs robust monitoring and evaluation (M&E) systems now more than ever to design effective policies.Every government needs robust monitoring and evaluation (M&E) systems now more than ever to design effective policies.

Making Choices about Evaluation Design in times of COVID-19: A Decision Tree

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Making Choices about Evaluation Design in times of COVID-19: A Decision Tree
Making Choices about Evaluation Design in times of COVID-19: A Decision Tree (enlarge & download as a PDF) Making Choices about Evaluation Design in times of COVID-19: A Decision Tree (enlarge & download as a PDF)

World Bank Engagement in Situations of Conflict (Approach Paper)

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The World Bank Group has made a strong commitment to addressing the development challenges associated with fragility, conflict, and violence (FCV) as part of its corporate goals. It situates this challenge at the core of its poverty reduction focus, especially since extreme poverty is rising in fragile countries. By 2030, it is estimated that over 50 percent of the world’s extreme poor will live Show MoreThe World Bank Group has made a strong commitment to addressing the development challenges associated with fragility, conflict, and violence (FCV) as part of its corporate goals. It situates this challenge at the core of its poverty reduction focus, especially since extreme poverty is rising in fragile countries. By 2030, it is estimated that over 50 percent of the world’s extreme poor will live in fragile and conflict-affected situations (FCSs). Achieving development outcomes in FCV countries is also critical for achieving the Sustainable Development Goals. The purpose of the evaluation is to examine the relationship among various modalities of World Bank engagement in situations of conflict and the achievement of development gains. The evaluation is designed to focus on how the World Bank is working differently in conflict-affected countries, why engagement decisions are made in different contexts, and what contributions the World Bank has made to development gains.

Adapting evaluation designs in times of COVID-19 (coronavirus): four questions to guide decisions

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Adapting evaluation designs in times of COVID-19 (coronavirus): four questions to guide decisions
A framework organized around four questions to address the ethical, conceptual, and methodological challenges that are affecting programmatic evaluation work during the COVID-19 pandemicA framework organized around four questions to address the ethical, conceptual, and methodological challenges that are affecting programmatic evaluation work during the COVID-19 pandemic

COVID-19 (Coronavirus) Response

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IEG Lesson Library: Evaluative Resources and Evidence to inform the COVID-19  Response
Past lessons for the current crisisPast lessons for the current crisis

Digital Data Collection During #COVID-19 (Coronavirus)

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Of Mice and Men (and World Bank Projects): Harnessing Behavioral Approaches

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Soap on a rope. A recent experiment in Zambia explored how giving students soap-on-a-rope to take as an entry pass to the bathroom led to significant increases in handwashing behavior among the children.
Behavioral Science offers insights and design principles that can be incorporated into existing programs, often at low cost, to increase program reach, effectiveness, and sustainability.Behavioral Science offers insights and design principles that can be incorporated into existing programs, often at low cost, to increase program reach, effectiveness, and sustainability.

Conducting evaluations in times of COVID-19 (Coronavirus)

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Coronavirus outbreak world economy impact image with downtrend charts, financial investment graphs recession, display of stock market crash price data. Covid-19 corona flu virus pandemic 3D concept
Current circumstances push us to rethink how to go about our evaluative work to address ethical, conceptual, and methodological challenges that will affect our capacity to conduct evaluations. Current circumstances push us to rethink how to go about our evaluative work to address ethical, conceptual, and methodological challenges that will affect our capacity to conduct evaluations.

World Bank Group Support to International Development Association Countries for Integration into Global Value Chains (Approach Paper)

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The rise of global value chains (GVCs) in the past two decades has dramatically altered the world economy. Lower transport and communication costs and falling barriers to trade have allowed firms to organize production processes into discrete tasks that can be performed in different countries. This has given rise to a finer international division of labor and greater gains from specialization, Show MoreThe rise of global value chains (GVCs) in the past two decades has dramatically altered the world economy. Lower transport and communication costs and falling barriers to trade have allowed firms to organize production processes into discrete tasks that can be performed in different countries. This has given rise to a finer international division of labor and greater gains from specialization, which opens opportunities for developing countries to participate in global production networks without having to master the entire production process. About 80 percent of global trade occurs through GVCs (UNCTAD 2013). Integration into GVCs helped many fast-growing economies increase exports, create jobs, acquire technologies, develop skills, and improve productivity. These countries have experienced the steepest declines in poverty (WTO 2017). The purpose of this evaluation is to shed light on what worked and why in Bank Group support to IDA countries’ efforts to enhance integration into GVCs. To this end, the evaluation will (i) take stock of Bank Group engagement with IDA countries on GVCs, (ii) assess the contribution of Bank Group support to enhancing GVC participation and benefits, and (iii) identify the main factors that have influenced the Bank Group’s ability to contribute to GVC-related outcomes.