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Kingdom of Cambodia: Public Financial Management and Accountability Project (Project Performance Assessment Report)

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The World Bank extended support to Cambodia through the Public Financial Management and Accountability Project (PFMAP) during a time when 30 percent of the population lived below the poverty line, human development indicators were discouraging, and public services were largely inaccessible and lacked adequate quality. In this context, sound economic management and the effective and accountable Show MoreThe World Bank extended support to Cambodia through the Public Financial Management and Accountability Project (PFMAP) during a time when 30 percent of the population lived below the poverty line, human development indicators were discouraging, and public services were largely inaccessible and lacked adequate quality. In this context, sound economic management and the effective and accountable use of public resources were paramount in order to improve economic and social improvements. However, many important institutions of governance and public sector management, were destroyed by the ultra-radical Khmer Rouge regime, and only just started to be rebuilt. Public financial management was largely dysfunctional, posed significant fiduciary risks and oversight institutions were unfit to point out systemic problems and corruption. Further, resource mobilization was among the weakest in the region, undermining aggregate fiscal sustainability. The PFMAP aimed to address many of these ailments through strengthening the mobilization and utilization of public resources, bolstering accountability institutions, and developing the capacity of the civil service.

Lessons from Policy-Based Guarantees

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Lessons from Policy-Based Guarantees
This report by the Independent Evaluation Group looks at the World Bank Group’s experience with implementing policy based guarantees – a relatively new and important tool in development finance. The paper looks at the performance of the policy based guarantees in terms of results and the underlying practices behind their implementation. This report by the Independent Evaluation Group looks at the World Bank Group’s experience with implementing policy based guarantees – a relatively new and important tool in development finance. The paper looks at the performance of the policy based guarantees in terms of results and the underlying practices behind their implementation.

Senegal: Urban Mobility Improvement Project (Project Performance Assessment Report)

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This is the Project Performance Assessment Report (PPAR) by the Independent Evaluation Group of the World Bank Group on the Senegal Urban Mobility Improvement Project (IDA 33540, IDA 3354A). The project was the first of a two-phase Adaptable Program Loan, but the second Adaptable Program Loan did not proceed because the trigger conditions were not met. The International Development Association Show MoreThis is the Project Performance Assessment Report (PPAR) by the Independent Evaluation Group of the World Bank Group on the Senegal Urban Mobility Improvement Project (IDA 33540, IDA 3354A). The project was the first of a two-phase Adaptable Program Loan, but the second Adaptable Program Loan did not proceed because the trigger conditions were not met. The International Development Association financed US$75.71 million of the actual project cost of US$156.92 million— with a cost overrun of 152 percent compared with the originally appraised cost of US$103 million. The project was appraised on January 28, 2000; approved by the World Bank’s Board on May 25, 2000; declared effective with a one-year delay on May 14, 2001; and closed on September 30, 2008, after a delay of two years and nine months from the original closing date of December 31, 2005.

Industry Competitiveness and Jobs

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industry competitiveness and jobs, ieg thematic and sector evaluation
Industry competitiveness can be enhanced through several different approaches including economy wide, industry specific, or a mix of economy wide with industry specific. This evaluation focuses on industry specific support and on four industries - agriculture, manufacturing, tourism, and information and communication technology. Industry competitiveness can be enhanced through several different approaches including economy wide, industry specific, or a mix of economy wide with industry specific. This evaluation focuses on industry specific support and on four industries - agriculture, manufacturing, tourism, and information and communication technology.

The World Bank Group's Support to Capital Market Development

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The World Bank Group’s contributions towards client countries’ capital market development comes at a strategic juncture when Bank Group commitment to help mobilize long term finance for development has grown increasingly prominent. The purpose of this evaluation is to assess Bank Group support to client countries for development of their capital markets across the full spectrum of associated Show MoreThe World Bank Group’s contributions towards client countries’ capital market development comes at a strategic juncture when Bank Group commitment to help mobilize long term finance for development has grown increasingly prominent. The purpose of this evaluation is to assess Bank Group support to client countries for development of their capital markets across the full spectrum of associated activities.

An Evaluation of World Bank Group Support to Health Services (Approach Paper)

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Health services (HS) are crucial for development. HS include all services dealing with the diagnosis and treatment of disease, or the promotion, maintenance and restoration of health. They include personal and non-personal health services. Ending extreme poverty and promoting shared prosperity sustainably require, among others, access to social services, including HS. The World Bank Group works Show MoreHealth services (HS) are crucial for development. HS include all services dealing with the diagnosis and treatment of disease, or the promotion, maintenance and restoration of health. They include personal and non-personal health services. Ending extreme poverty and promoting shared prosperity sustainably require, among others, access to social services, including HS. The World Bank Group works with the public and private sectors, and development partners to improve HS in client countries through finance, knowledge and convening services. The purpose of this evaluation is to collect evidence, develop lessons, and propose recommendations that could enhance WBG support to client countries as they move toward universal health coverage.

Violence and Conflict in Middle Income Countries

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Violence and Conflict in Middle Income Countries
Today, violence or the imminent threat of violence affects development outcomes for almost 2 billion people, 37 percent of whom live in higher-middle-income countries and another 37 percent in lowermiddle- income countries. This brief is based on IEG's Evaluation: World Bank Group Engagement in Situations of Fragility, Conflict, and Violence.Today, violence or the imminent threat of violence affects development outcomes for almost 2 billion people, 37 percent of whom live in higher-middle-income countries and another 37 percent in lowermiddle- income countries. This brief is based on IEG's Evaluation: World Bank Group Engagement in Situations of Fragility, Conflict, and Violence.

Lebanon and Jordan: The Case of the Refugee Crisis

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Lebanon and Jordan: The Case of the Refugee Crisis
The influx of Syrian refugees into Jordan and Lebanon has challenged both countries with “refugee shock,” according to an evaluation by the Independent Evaluation Group, straining the economies of both states and posing a threat to already volatile security environments. Jordan and Lebanon—both high-middle-income but resource-poor and heavily indebted countries—have been hosting millions of Show MoreThe influx of Syrian refugees into Jordan and Lebanon has challenged both countries with “refugee shock,” according to an evaluation by the Independent Evaluation Group, straining the economies of both states and posing a threat to already volatile security environments. Jordan and Lebanon—both high-middle-income but resource-poor and heavily indebted countries—have been hosting millions of Syrians at the expense of their already stressed health, education, and infrastructure systems. This brief is based in the IEG Evaluation: World Bank Group Engagement in Situations of Fragility, Conflict, and Violence.

Diagnostic Framework: How to Assess the Capacity of a Government’s Financial Management Information System as a Budget Management Tool

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A government’s capacity to manage its public finances is central to its ability to deliver services. Well-functioning accounting and financial management systems are among the basics that facilitate this, and significant resources and time have been invested for the procurement and implementation of such systems across the world. Implementation is, however, often associated with disappointing Show MoreA government’s capacity to manage its public finances is central to its ability to deliver services. Well-functioning accounting and financial management systems are among the basics that facilitate this, and significant resources and time have been invested for the procurement and implementation of such systems across the world. Implementation is, however, often associated with disappointing results and attribution to higher-level public financial management (PFM) objectives difficult to establish. On the basis of five in-depth project-level evaluations of World Bank investments, this paper proposes a diagnostic framework that can be used to assess the utility of a Financial Management Information System (FMIS) as a budget management tool.

Violence and Conflict in Middle Income Countries:

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A brief report based on IEG's Evaluation, World Bank Group Engagement in Situations of Fragility, Conflict, and ViolenceA brief report based on IEG's Evaluation, World Bank Group Engagement in Situations of Fragility, Conflict, and Violence