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Content Type:evaluation/Report
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Tax Revenue Mobilization - Lessons from World Bank Group Support for Tax Reform

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This learning note reviews existing IEG evaluative evidence on the Bank Group’s support to tax policy and administration reform produced by the Independent Evaluation Group over FY2005-15. It identifies the drivers of performance as well as lessons to inform the future work of the Bank Group. This learning note reviews existing IEG evaluative evidence on the Bank Group’s support to tax policy and administration reform produced by the Independent Evaluation Group over FY2005-15. It identifies the drivers of performance as well as lessons to inform the future work of the Bank Group.

Ghana: Agriculture Development Policy Operation, Phase I–IV (Project Performance Assessment Report)

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This Project Performance Assessment Report (PPAR) assesses the outcome and sustainability of two consecutive World Bank–financed programmatic series of DPOs in the agriculture sector in Ghana with a total disbursement of US$ 157 million. Objectives of these two projects include: (i) to increase the contribution of agriculture to growth and poverty reduction; (ii) to improve the management of soil Show MoreThis Project Performance Assessment Report (PPAR) assesses the outcome and sustainability of two consecutive World Bank–financed programmatic series of DPOs in the agriculture sector in Ghana with a total disbursement of US$ 157 million. Objectives of these two projects include: (i) to increase the contribution of agriculture to growth and poverty reduction; (ii) to improve the management of soil and water resources; (iii) to enhance productivity and market access among farmers; and (ii) to improve agriculture sector management. Ratings for the First Agriculture Development Policy Operation Series were as follows: outcome was moderately unsatisfactory, risk to development outcome was significant, World Bank performance was moderately unsatisfactory, and borrower performance was moderately unsatisfactory. These ratings differ from the ICR in all four areas. Ratings for the Second Agriculture Development Policy Operation Series were: outcome was moderately unsatisfactory, risk to development outcome was significant, World Bank performance was moderately unsatisfactory, and borrower performance was moderately unsatisfactory. All ratings except for risk to development are different from the ICR. Lessons include: (i) In a sector such as agriculture, in which responsibilities are fragmented across many different directorates and agencies, impact could be heightened by broadening engagement beyond key counterparts in the leading ministry to other directorates charged with delivering program results. (ii) Rigorous assessment of government commitment and ownership is needed not only at the design stage but throughout implementation. (iii) Potential synergies between sector and general budget support operations could be enhanced by more effective coordination and monitoring and feedback between the two. (iv) Defining DPO series objectives in concrete and measurable terms and scaling ambition down to what the actions in the operations can realistically be expected to influence can improve the demonstration of impact and enhance attribution.

Program for Results: An Early Stage Assessment of the Process and Effects of a New Lending Instrument

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This evaluation assesses the early experience with the design and implementation of Program for Results (PforR) operations and identifies lessons and recommendations to strengthen this new instrument.This evaluation assesses the early experience with the design and implementation of Program for Results (PforR) operations and identifies lessons and recommendations to strengthen this new instrument.

Public-Private Partnerships in Health

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Access to essential health services is an important aspect of development. Governments from both developed and developing countries are increasingly looking at public-private partnerships (PPPs) as a way to expand access to higher-quality health services by leveraging capital, managerial capacity, and knowhow from the private sector.Access to essential health services is an important aspect of development. Governments from both developed and developing countries are increasingly looking at public-private partnerships (PPPs) as a way to expand access to higher-quality health services by leveraging capital, managerial capacity, and knowhow from the private sector.

Lessons from Policy-Based Guarantees

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Lessons from Policy-Based Guarantees
This report by the Independent Evaluation Group looks at the World Bank Group’s experience with implementing policy based guarantees – a relatively new and important tool in development finance. The paper looks at the performance of the policy based guarantees in terms of results and the underlying practices behind their implementation. This report by the Independent Evaluation Group looks at the World Bank Group’s experience with implementing policy based guarantees – a relatively new and important tool in development finance. The paper looks at the performance of the policy based guarantees in terms of results and the underlying practices behind their implementation.

Industry Competitiveness and Jobs

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industry competitiveness and jobs, ieg thematic and sector evaluation
Industry competitiveness can be enhanced through several different approaches including economy wide, industry specific, or a mix of economy wide with industry specific. This evaluation focuses on industry specific support and on four industries - agriculture, manufacturing, tourism, and information and communication technology. Industry competitiveness can be enhanced through several different approaches including economy wide, industry specific, or a mix of economy wide with industry specific. This evaluation focuses on industry specific support and on four industries - agriculture, manufacturing, tourism, and information and communication technology.

Violence and Conflict in Middle Income Countries

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Violence and Conflict in Middle Income Countries
Today, violence or the imminent threat of violence affects development outcomes for almost 2 billion people, 37 percent of whom live in higher-middle-income countries and another 37 percent in lowermiddle- income countries. This brief is based on IEG's Evaluation: World Bank Group Engagement in Situations of Fragility, Conflict, and Violence.Today, violence or the imminent threat of violence affects development outcomes for almost 2 billion people, 37 percent of whom live in higher-middle-income countries and another 37 percent in lowermiddle- income countries. This brief is based on IEG's Evaluation: World Bank Group Engagement in Situations of Fragility, Conflict, and Violence.

Lebanon and Jordan: The Case of the Refugee Crisis

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Lebanon and Jordan: The Case of the Refugee Crisis
The influx of Syrian refugees into Jordan and Lebanon has challenged both countries with “refugee shock,” according to an evaluation by the Independent Evaluation Group, straining the economies of both states and posing a threat to already volatile security environments. Jordan and Lebanon—both high-middle-income but resource-poor and heavily indebted countries—have been hosting millions of Show MoreThe influx of Syrian refugees into Jordan and Lebanon has challenged both countries with “refugee shock,” according to an evaluation by the Independent Evaluation Group, straining the economies of both states and posing a threat to already volatile security environments. Jordan and Lebanon—both high-middle-income but resource-poor and heavily indebted countries—have been hosting millions of Syrians at the expense of their already stressed health, education, and infrastructure systems. This brief is based in the IEG Evaluation: World Bank Group Engagement in Situations of Fragility, Conflict, and Violence.

Diagnostic Framework: How to Assess the Capacity of a Government’s Financial Management Information System as a Budget Management Tool

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A government’s capacity to manage its public finances is central to its ability to deliver services. Well-functioning accounting and financial management systems are among the basics that facilitate this, and significant resources and time have been invested for the procurement and implementation of such systems across the world. Implementation is, however, often associated with disappointing Show MoreA government’s capacity to manage its public finances is central to its ability to deliver services. Well-functioning accounting and financial management systems are among the basics that facilitate this, and significant resources and time have been invested for the procurement and implementation of such systems across the world. Implementation is, however, often associated with disappointing results and attribution to higher-level public financial management (PFM) objectives difficult to establish. On the basis of five in-depth project-level evaluations of World Bank investments, this paper proposes a diagnostic framework that can be used to assess the utility of a Financial Management Information System (FMIS) as a budget management tool.

Violence and Conflict in Middle Income Countries:

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A brief report based on IEG's Evaluation, World Bank Group Engagement in Situations of Fragility, Conflict, and ViolenceA brief report based on IEG's Evaluation, World Bank Group Engagement in Situations of Fragility, Conflict, and Violence