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Towards Urban Resilience: An Evaluation of the World Bank Group’s Evolving Approach 2007-2017 (Approach Paper)

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Half of humanity – 3.5 billion people – lives in cities today and by 2030, 60% of the world’s population will live in urban areas. Urbanization has the potential to lift people out of poverty and increase prosperity, yet rapid urbanization and unmanaged growth, tend to generate unsustainable land use, which is nearly impossible to change after a city grows. The urban poor are disproportionally Show MoreHalf of humanity – 3.5 billion people – lives in cities today and by 2030, 60% of the world’s population will live in urban areas. Urbanization has the potential to lift people out of poverty and increase prosperity, yet rapid urbanization and unmanaged growth, tend to generate unsustainable land use, which is nearly impossible to change after a city grows. The urban poor are disproportionally affected by chronic stress and shocks. The international community has recognized the importance of achieving sustainable and inclusive urban development by increasing attention to the resilience of cities. The purpose of this evaluation is to provide evaluative insights on the WBG’s role in helping clients foster urban resilience in the face of shocks, threats and chronic stress. The specific objective of this evaluation is to assess how well the WBG is helping clients to build urban resilience – to cope, recover, adapt and transform - in the face of shocks and chronic stress as the World Bank Group seeks to scale up its advice and investment in this domain. The evaluation will place attention on how urban resilience initiatives are linked to the Bank’s broader poverty reduction goals.

Rwanda Country Program Evaluation FY09-17 (Approach Paper)

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The primary goal of this evaluation is to assess the Bank Group’s development effectiveness in Rwanda during the period FY09-17 and to inform the design and implementation of future WBG activities in Rwanda. The Country Program Evaluation (CPE) will place strong emphasis on assessing World Bank Group (WBG) strategic positioning and program delivery to help Rwanda achieve its development goals, Show MoreThe primary goal of this evaluation is to assess the Bank Group’s development effectiveness in Rwanda during the period FY09-17 and to inform the design and implementation of future WBG activities in Rwanda. The Country Program Evaluation (CPE) will place strong emphasis on assessing World Bank Group (WBG) strategic positioning and program delivery to help Rwanda achieve its development goals, notably to become a lower middle income country by 2020. The selection of Rwanda for this CPE – one of two undertaken by IEG in FY18 – is motivated by the country’s important development achievements during the period of analysis as well as by the major challenges the country faces in order to sustain those gains going forward. The CPE seeks to provide inputs for the next Country Partnership Framework (CPF).

Two to Tango: An Evaluation of World Bank Group Support for Fostering Regional Integration (Approach Paper)

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Three overlapping forces shape economic and political systems in the contemporary world order: globalization, regionalism and nationalism. The first wave of regionalism in the 1960-1980 was primarily driven by the trade and tariff agenda, followed by the second wave in the 1980-2000 when regionalism was seen as a useful supplement to multilateralism. Today, in the context of emerging market and Show MoreThree overlapping forces shape economic and political systems in the contemporary world order: globalization, regionalism and nationalism. The first wave of regionalism in the 1960-1980 was primarily driven by the trade and tariff agenda, followed by the second wave in the 1980-2000 when regionalism was seen as a useful supplement to multilateralism. Today, in the context of emerging market and developing economies, the new dimensions of regionalism include interactions beyond trade, and can potentially encompasses hard infrastructure, institutional alignments, labor and capital flows. This evaluation focuses on regional integration (RI), which the World Bank Group (WBG) defines as economic interactions across at least two sovereign jurisdictions that are geographically close and resulting in integration of factors and goods, and coordination of policy. According to the 2013 World Bank Group Strategy, transformational engagements are about regional integration, involving both game-changing investments and actions to address policy constraints that require a coordinated response by several countries. Most transformational engagements entail partnerships in which the WBG may play a leading or supporting role. This evaluation is classified under the IEG Strategic Engagement Area (SEA), Inclusive and Sustainable Economic Growth.

Toward a Clean World for All: An Evaluation of the World Bank Group’s Support to Pollution Management

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Toward a Clean World for All
IEG’s first comprehensive assessment of pollution management efforts examines the extent to which the World Bank Group has been relevant, effective, and efficient in addressing pollution concerns in client countries.IEG’s first comprehensive assessment of pollution management efforts examines the extent to which the World Bank Group has been relevant, effective, and efficient in addressing pollution concerns in client countries.

Mexico Country Program Evaluation FY08-17 (Approach Paper)

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The core purpose of this document is to assess the development effectiveness of the World Bank Group country program in Mexico between FY2008 and FY2017. While Mexico has been a member of the OECD since 1994, its per capita GNI is the lowest among OECD members – 58 percent below the OECD average in 2016, in PPP terms – and its poverty rate is the highest in that group of mostly high income Show MoreThe core purpose of this document is to assess the development effectiveness of the World Bank Group country program in Mexico between FY2008 and FY2017. While Mexico has been a member of the OECD since 1994, its per capita GNI is the lowest among OECD members – 58 percent below the OECD average in 2016, in PPP terms – and its poverty rate is the highest in that group of mostly high income countries. Compared to upper middle income countries (UMICs), however, Mexico’s per capita GNI is 7 percent above the average of that group. Its latest, 2014 poverty rate, 5.7 percent, is comparatively low, measured using the international poverty line of $1.9 in 2011 PPP terms, but it is much higher, at 11.7 and 27.5 percent, if measured at poverty lines of $2.5 and $4, respectively (2005 PPP). The Government of Mexico’s strategic priorities have been focused on unlocking the country’s full potential, in terms not only of economic growth, but also of improved human development, gender equity, environmental protection and enhanced democratic governance and security. Over the period of analysis, the WBG aligned its strategic priorities with those embedded in the National Development Plans of two successive presidential administrations. The CPE will assess the WBG’s contributions to Mexico’s achievements in each of the Group’s priority areas of engagement. It will also evaluate the extent to which the WBG took advantage of potential synergies between the financial, knowledge and convening services that WBG institutions offered across its various engagement areas, to maximize overall contributions to Mexico’s national development goals.

Growth for the Bottom 40 Percent: The World Bank Group’s Support for Shared Prosperity

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Growth for the Bottom 40 Percent
This evaluation assesses the World Bank Group's record on implementation of the shared prosperity goal since 2013, using the official definition of the goal of fostering income growth of the bottom 40 percent. It also analyzes institutional requirements for effective implementation of the goal, and evaluates the extent to which the Bank Group was already incorporating distributional issues in its Show MoreThis evaluation assesses the World Bank Group's record on implementation of the shared prosperity goal since 2013, using the official definition of the goal of fostering income growth of the bottom 40 percent. It also analyzes institutional requirements for effective implementation of the goal, and evaluates the extent to which the Bank Group was already incorporating distributional issues in its various activities during the period 2005-13, before the adoption of the goal.

An Evaluation of World Bank Group Support in Conflict Induced Situations of Forced Displacement (Approach Paper)

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This proposed evaluation aims to inform the World Bank Group’s scaling up of support to situations of forced displacement. It will focus on the World Bank Group’s emerging goals and catalytic role in countries and subregions hosting large forcibly displaced populations and providing lessons from past support to inform the World Bank Group’s position going forward. The evaluation pursues IEG’s Show MoreThis proposed evaluation aims to inform the World Bank Group’s scaling up of support to situations of forced displacement. It will focus on the World Bank Group’s emerging goals and catalytic role in countries and subregions hosting large forcibly displaced populations and providing lessons from past support to inform the World Bank Group’s position going forward. The evaluation pursues IEG’s strategic priority of providing evidence on what works and why, and it supports two of the strategic engagement areas in which IEG seeks to advance evaluative evidence: investing in people, and inclusive and sustainable economic growth. The evaluation effort is timed to be an input for the IDA18 mid-term review and IDA19 discussions.

Growing the Rural Non-Farm Economy to Alleviate Poverty

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Growing the Rural Non-Farm Economy to Alleviate Poverty
This evaluation assesses the World Bank Group's contribution to the creation of sustainable income generation for the poor within the rural non-farm economy and the extent to which this has led to reduced poverty.This evaluation assesses the World Bank Group's contribution to the creation of sustainable income generation for the poor within the rural non-farm economy and the extent to which this has led to reduced poverty.

The Power to Renew: Evaluation of the World Bank Group’s Support to Electricity Supply from Renewable Energy Resources (Approach Paper)

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This report evaluates how effectively the World Bank Group (WBG) has supported clients navigate an evolving market for renewable energy (RE) for supplying electricity to meet energy and environmental needs. It covers a dynamic period from 2000 to 2017 during which RE markets for certain technologies evolved considerably, and there was a marked scale-up of WBG activities in the sector. The Show MoreThis report evaluates how effectively the World Bank Group (WBG) has supported clients navigate an evolving market for renewable energy (RE) for supplying electricity to meet energy and environmental needs. It covers a dynamic period from 2000 to 2017 during which RE markets for certain technologies evolved considerably, and there was a marked scale-up of WBG activities in the sector. The evaluation will help determine the ability of WBG to adjust its interventions to rapidly changing conditions and deliver state-of-the-art RE solutions to clients. The evaluation is being undertaken at a time when both the international community and the WBG are placing considerable importance on RE as a key contributor to addressing global climate change. RE, which supports several global development priorities, is vital to achieving inclusive and sustainable economic growth, as per the Forward Look – A Vision for the World Bank Group in 2030. The primary audience for this evaluation is the WBG Board of Executive Directors and WBG management and operational staff. Other key audiences include development partners—especially bilateral donors and other MDBs, special partners—such as GEF, CIFs, and donors who fund ESMAP and ASTAE, WBG clients across governments and in the private sector, civil society organizations and beneficiaries impacted by the WBG’s RE activities.

Grow With the Flow: IEG Evaluation of World Bank Group Support to Facilitating Trade 2006-17 (Approach Paper)

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This potential, however, is often constrained by high transaction costs related to moving goods and providing services across borders which constrain gains from trade. Lower income countries, which are more likely to suffer from high trade costs (and are more likely to face higher costs due to their land-locked, small states or fragile and conflict-affected status), tend to be disproportionately Show MoreThis potential, however, is often constrained by high transaction costs related to moving goods and providing services across borders which constrain gains from trade. Lower income countries, which are more likely to suffer from high trade costs (and are more likely to face higher costs due to their land-locked, small states or fragile and conflict-affected status), tend to be disproportionately hurt. Given the increased client demand for support in the implementation of the TFA, the purpose of this evaluation will be not only to assess the performance of the WBG in this area but also to identify lessons on whether and what needs should be done differently to better support such demand. The analysis will focus on those interventions that support directly trade. The evaluation will contribute to both learning and accountability. The learning aspect of the study will focus on drawing lessons from factors associated with successful and unsuccessful interventions and relating them to the future support provided by the WBG in the implementation of the TFA. With respect to accountability, the study will assess the ways in which WBG support to trade facilitation has achieved its stated objectives, and the extent to which those objectives were aligned with the strategies of the Bank Group, country, and relevant sectors. The primary audiences of this IEG evaluation are the WBG’s Board of Directors, Management and staff. In addition, the findings of the evaluation are expected to be of interest to Senior Management (especially the T&C GP), World Bank, IFC, and MIGA’s staff. The external audience interested in the findings may include WBG clients, partners, and stakeholders such as (i) donors and global and regional bodies involved in private sector development activities and support for trade facilitation; (ii) WBG partner institutions; (iii) non-governmental organizations (NGOs) focused on private sector development and private entities and investors with a substantial engagement in trade and trade facilitation. Depending on their engagement, such stakeholders are expected to benefit from learning about WBG experiences to model their own roles, policies, and engagements to improve competitiveness through facilitating trade