Review of the 2010-2013 Nigeria Country Partnership Strategy Completion Report (CPSCR) and the CPS Progress Report (CPSPR)
The review examines the implementation of the FY2010-FY2013 Country Partnership Strategy (CPS) of FY2010 and the CPS Progress Report (CPSPR) of FY2012. The strategy was jointly designed and implemented by IDA, the African Development Bank, the UK Department for International Development, and the US... Full Description »
The review examines the implementation of the FY2010-FY2013 Country Partnership Strategy (CPS) of FY2010 and the CPS Progress Report (CPSPR) of FY2012. The strategy was jointly designed and implemented by IDA, the African Development Bank, the UK Department for International Development, and the US Agency for International Development. Although the CPS and CPSPR made reference to the IFC program insofar as it would complement the IDA program, both documents were presented without formal endorsement from IFC, and the CPSCR has limited discussion of IFC activities; this review covers only IDA activities. The Bank has been consistent in using the pillars of the 2004 National Economic and Environmental Development Strategy for 2005-2007 (NEEDS) in all three CPS’ in Nigeria since 2004. The objectives of the FY2010 CPS were organized under the three pillars of the NEEDS. The CPSPR confirmed the validity of the CPS approach, and provided a new meta-objective, “Mitigating the Impact of the Global Economic Crisis.” It introduced significant changes to the results matrix, which on the whole lowered the bar for success. IEG rates the overall outcome of IDA support as moderately satisfactory, concurring with the CPSCR rating. Consistent support from the Bank over an extended period of time contributed to significant progress in developing the institutional framework for the power sector. Good progress was also achieved in agricultural development, with significant impact on poverty reduction. A series of modest steps were taken in the right direction to strengthen the institutions and systems for better governance, although there seems to lack a scale-up strategy for replicating these initial efforts, especially at the state level. Moreover, the positive achievements were partly offset by disappointing results in other areas of Bank engagement: although urban transport in Lagos improved, progress was limited in the overall transport network; while there was progress in post-basic education, polio, and maternal health care, little was achieved in basic education, HIV/AIDS, malaria, and institutional reforms in the social sectors. In addition, there was limited progress in environmental management and PPP. Finally, in spite of a substantial and well thought through support effort by the Bank, Nigeria’s business environment deteriorated in many ways during the CPS period. IEG concurs with the four key lessons drawn in the CPSCR, and wishes to underscore three additional points. First, there is a need for close and careful portfolio management throughout the project cycle. The Nigeria program has few examples of project turn-around and there should be a real burden of proof on the supervision team that optimism is warranted. Second, there is a need for greater strategic coherence, not just in the preparation of the CPS document but in the follow through in program implementation. A concerted effort to enhance governance and to address poverty should be the challenges of the next CPS. Finally, there is a need to develop a strong results framework that provides a clear line of sights for strategic decision making and accountability. This requires an explicit results chain that links Bank interventions, the complementary actions by the government and partners, and other critical factors, to the strategic objectives, as well as a results matrix that is stable enough for tracking results.
Content Type : Reports , Doc Sub Category : CAS Completion Report Reviews , Country : Nigeria
April 8, 2014
The World Bank in Nigeria 1998-2007: Nigeria Country Assistance Evaluation
Following the restoration of democracy in Nigeria, the World Bank worked closely with the federal government to help achieve the government's priorities of establishing good governance, rebuilding the country's infrastructure, improving service delivery, and promoting non-oil growth. Reflecting the... Full Description »
Following the restoration of democracy in Nigeria, the World Bank worked closely with the federal government to help achieve the government's priorities of establishing good governance, rebuilding the country's infrastructure, improving service delivery, and promoting non-oil growth. Reflecting the preference of the government, the Bank chose to initiate a large number of projects rather than to engage in up-front analytic work. Many of these projects ran into difficulties, partly because of the Bank's failure to factor into program design both the country's overall institutional weakness and the Nigerian authorities' inexperience in dealing with Bank procedures.
Economic reforms proceeded at a relatively slow pace; in mid-2003, however, the government created a reform team that acted decisively to improve fiscal discipline and public expenditure management, to make a start on public sector reform, and to introduce the changes in the institutional framework needed to address corruption. The Bank moved quickly to support these efforts, providing loan and grant support for needed capacity-building initiatives. The Bank also reevaluated its Nigeria portfolio and took steps to improve it and to ensure that it focused on priority issues. Arresting the deterioration of Nigeria's infrastructure has been a challenge; although the track record is littered with setbacks, support from the Bank now holds promise to help the government make tangible progress in this area.
The focus of Bank support is now shifting to Nigeria's 36 states. The state governments control roughly half of the country's public resources and carry the bulk of responsibility for service delivery. A key challenge facing the Bank is how to engage effectively with these governments. The approach proposed by the Bank, which entailed identifying “lead states,” held promise; however, it was not fully operationalized.
Overall, the outcomes of the Bank program in Nigeria are rated as moderately unsatisfactory. This rating recognizes the improvement later in the period reviewed in macro-economic management following the appointment of the reform team, but balances this against the moderately unsatisfactory progress in infrastructure development and service delivery. Working with state governments to ensure that the substantial resources they receive translate into real improvements in the lives of Nigerian citizens, most notably the country's poor, is the most important challenge facing the Bank in the next 5–10 years.
Content Type : Reports , Doc Sub Category : Country Program Evaluations , Country : Nigeria
July 1, 2010
IFC in Nigeria: 1998-2007: An Independent Country Impact Review
IEG's Country Impact Review examines the effectiveness of IFC's operations in Nigeria from July 1998 to December 2007. In particular, this study evaluates whether IFC 1) successfully defined a relevant and appropriate strategy for helping Nigeria tackle its most pressing needs; 2) provided... Full Description »
IEG's Country Impact Review examines the effectiveness of IFC's operations in Nigeria from July 1998 to December 2007. In particular, this study evaluates whether IFC 1) successfully defined a relevant and appropriate strategy for helping Nigeria tackle its most pressing needs; 2) provided investment and advisory services that were reflective of IFC's strategy; and 3) achieved positive development results.
Content Type : Reports , Country : Nigeria
February 13, 2009