Global Program Review: Global Water Partnership
The Global Water Partnership (GWP) was established by the Swedish International Development Agency (SIDA), the United Nations Development Programme, and the World Bank in 1996 in response to international concerns about deteriorating fresh water resources. Its mission has been to support countries... Full Description »
The Global Water Partnership (GWP) was established by the Swedish International Development Agency (SIDA), the United Nations Development Programme, and the World Bank in 1996 in response to international concerns about deteriorating fresh water resources. Its mission has been to support countries in the sustainable management of their water resources through an advocacy network based on the principles of integrated water resources management (IWRM). The GWP functioned as a unit of SIDA until July 2002. Then it became an independent intergovernmental organization under international law known as the Global Water Partnership Organization (GWPO), which provides support to the network — now comprising more than 2,100 individual partners that have grouped themselves in regional, country, and area water partnerships. A joint donor group led by the U.K. Department for International Development commissioned an evaluation of the GWP at the end of its 2004–08 strategy period. This evaluation found that GWP's global policy leadership continued to be recognized, especially in facilitating multi-stakeholder dialogues on IWRM. Major growth occurred at the country level, with the maturing of country partnerships, the development of national IWRM plans, and the facilitation of bilateral funding to support IWRM initiatives, although the GWP did not achieve the ambitious targets it had set in 2004. More time is clearly needed for IWRM to take root. The present review found that the GWP is generally rising to the many challenges in governing and managing a global advocacy and knowledge network. The World Bank was one of the three founding partners of the GWP in 1996, contributing $5.7 million from 1996 to 2002, and it remains one of the 10 sponsoring partners. In spite of the Bank's continuing legal responsibility to contribute to GWP's governance, the review found that the Bank has effectively been a silent partner since it stopped contributing financially in 2003. The Bank needs to clearly establish its pos ition among the sponsoring partners in the GWP to avoid raising false expectations and risk. The GWP, in turn, would welcome strengthened collaboration with the World Bank on IWRM at global, regional, and country levels as a means of enhancing the quality and sustainability of investments in the water sector.
Content Type : Reports , Doc Sub Category : Global Program Review
August 1, 2010