Despite extremely difficult security conditions, which deteriorated markedly after 2006, the World Bank Group has commendably established and sustained a large program of support to the country.
|NEW: Afghanistan: A Synthesis Paper of Lessons
from Ten Years of Aid
While World Bank Group strategy has been highly relevant to Afghanistan’s situation, beginning in 2006 the strategies could have gone further in adapting ongoing programs to evolving opportunities and needs and in programming activities sufficient to achieve the objectives of the pillars in those strategies.
Overall, Bank Group assistance has achieved substantial progress toward most of its major objectives, although risks to development outcomes remain high. Impressive results have been achieved in public financial management, public health, telecommunications, and community development; substantial outputs have also been achieved in primary education, rural roads, irrigation, and microfinance—all started during the initial phase. Bank assistance has been critical in developing the mining sector as a potential engine of growth. However, progress has been limited in civil service reform, agriculture, urban development, and private sector development.
The Bank Group's direct financial assistance has been augmented effectively by analytic and advisory activities and donor coordination through the Afghanistan Reconstruction Trust Fund. Knowledge services have been an important part of Bank Group support and have demonstrated the value of strategic analytical work, even in areas where the Bank Group may opt out of direct project financing.
Contradictory advice and competing donor programs have compounded conflicting views among different government agencies, leading to "missing middle" in the absence of agreement on subnational governance. Without viable districtor provincial institutions, the investment in community organizations at the village level may not be sustainable, substantial project benefits notwithstanding.
|With the expected reduction of the international presence in 2014, sustainability of development gains remains a major risk because of capacity constraints and inadequate human resources planning on the civilian side.
CODE Chairman's Summary
Management Action Record
Chapter 1: The Country Context
Chapter 2: World Bank Group Strategy and Program
Chapter 3: Building the Capacity of the State and It's Accountability to it's Citizens
Chapter 4: Promoting Growth of the Rural Economy and Improving Rural Livelihoods
Chapter 5: Supporting Growth of the Formal Private Sector
Chapter 6: Overall Assessment
Chapter 7: Lessons and Recommendations
Appendix A: Afghanistan: Summary of World Bank Group Program Outcome Ratings
Appendix B: Guide to IEG’s Country Program Evaluation Methodology
Appendix C: Afghanistan: List of Approved Projects, World Bank, IFC, MIGA, FY02–11
Appendix D: Afghanistan: Analytical and Advisory Work by Cluster, World Bank, IFC, FY02–11
Appendix E: Analytical and Advisory Assistance Assessment
Appendix F: Results of Bank Support for Gender Equality
Appendix G: Afghanistan Beneficiary Feedback Survey
Appendix H: Engagement with Beneficiaries through Social Media for Afghanistan CPE
Appendix I: Second Civil Service
Appendix J: Statistical Supplement
Appendix K: List of People Met
Appendix L: List of Analytical and Advisory Assistance Panelists
Comments from Government